What one would hardly expect is an EM album from a country / folk outfit. But that's exactly what we have here, as "i" are actually The Walkabouts (well, most of it, the lineup was Chris Eckman, Carla Torgerson, Gleen Slater, Curt Eckman and Grant Eckman). It was a one-off project (followed by several concerts) and the music was described as "krautrock-inspired". There was a lot of mystery following this release, as to who actually played the music. The rumor had it that there was an obscure krautrock formation from Dusseldorf with this name. However, the hoax was soon exposed.
I Burn (Italy)
I Burn (1998)
Infraharmonies, Scald Cavities (1998)
3rd Degree Burns Ambience (1999)
Il Riequilibrio Delle Risorse (2002)
Dark music by a duo of Maurizio Landani and Gabriele Santamaria. Very good.
The Cadaver Pulse I (2003)
The Cadaver Pulse II (2003)
From Golden Flesh To Silver One (2003)
Spectral Metabolism (2005)
Cella Phantasma (2013)
Finnish Dark Ambient. Most of the time involves electronic istruments, but The Cadaver Pulse I consists of just organic sources and manipulated samples. I.corax consists of Antti Haapapuro, Jaakko Vanhala and Ari Kukkohovi.
See also: Depther, Zoat Aon, Halo Manash, Arktau Eos, Aural Holograms.
I Dream No More (Belgium)
Fade - Die (2002)
Varied Ambient material.
See also: Until Death Overtakes Me, Dreams of Dying Stars, Fall of the Grey-Winged One, In the Mist, Forbidden Fields.
Art For War's Sake (1987)
A band led by Keith Stewart.
See also: Stewart, Keith
Not to be confused with British progressive rock band of the same name, I.Q. was a brainchild of Ken Davis, a pioneer of Electronic Music in Australia and keyboard player / computer sequencing enthusiast Mars Lazar. They had a supporting cast of musicians, including a live drummer in the early stages. I.Q. gave many live performances in unlikely places like street corners, shopping malls and so on. After I.Q. split, Ken Davis continued to perform live and release his music on cassettes and CD's. I.Q.'s music was fairly innovative for the time, fusing synth-pop sensibilities with cutting edge technology, including the then new Fairlight CMI computer instrument. The vocals are present but are often processed via vocoder. Overall, I.Q. should be seen as a missing link between synth-pop / new wave of the early 1980's and progressive electronic music.
See also: Davis, Ken
Luz e Sombra (2014)
Inspirações (2015) (S)
Cavernas do Inconsciente (2015)
Dungeon synth-related project from Brazil with sort of a cosmic / prog vibe. Nice stuff and well above most dungeon synth in my book.
Inter-Dimensional Music (1975)
Greek-American musician and a pioneer of new age genre. Yes, a new age artist in the EM encyclopedia. Most of his output is typical "anti-stress" music and his debut (listed) is in a way similar to that, albeit more diverse. Inter-Dimensional Music is considered by some to be the first "true new age" album but it's actually more than that. The reason I include it here is, among other things, its pioneering status and the way in which it mixes field recordings with gentle electronics. I even recommend it to fans of Ambient such as Brian Eno or Steve Roach. And, yes, not everything is sickly sweet here, there are some great darker moments.
Electronic Music by students of Edmonds Community College (from Seattle area). Sometimes very cheesy but sometimes sounds like Kraftwerk or instrumental YMO. Cool cover art, too.
Ibar, Maia (USA)
When You Close Your Eyes / And I See (2015)
Although Paris-born, Maia Ibar relocated to the USA with her family when she was 2 years old. Floating, new-agey music, like Vangelis jamming with Iasos, plus some female vocalizations.
Ice Thunder (Russia)
Wandering Ghost (2014) (S)
Northern Breath (2015) (S)
Aka Ледяной гром. Started as a black metal project and transformed into dungeon synth later on.
Ice Yacht (UK)
Pole of Cold (2015)
Ice Yacht is Philip Sanderson. According to the legend, this tape was lost during a North Pole trip following the footsteps of Norwegian explorer Fridtjof Nansen somewhere in the late 1980's, but found recently, thawed and remastered for a release. This is most likely a recent creation of Sanderson, though. The music is based on analog synthesizers and field recordings and ranges from the ambient to experimental and rhythmic / sequencer-based.
Iceberg, Michael (USA)
Iceberg Does It Live (1978)
Michael Iceberg And the Amazing Iceberg Machine (1983)
Included here mostly for nostalgic reasons and as a curiosity of sorts, Michael Iceberg's 1978 LP presents a medley of cover songs (including Pink Floyd's "Money") done in an unusual and extremely cheesy style. In the 1970's, Michael Iceberg, an entertainer and musician, used to give live performances with light shows at the Disney World in Florida using a rig of multiple synthesizers and Chamberlin tape replay devices. It was fairly innovative for the time and he did funny things like sampling cows, pigs, human voices and acoustic instruments and combining them with his synthesizer playing and his singing, which is, of course, an acquired taste.
Icebreaker (UK / USA)
Distant Early Warning (1999)
Trein Maersk (2000)
Into Forever (2003) (with Manual)
Apollo (2012) (with BJ Cole)
The first album contains chilling Noise Ambient with minimal pianos and organs written for and comissioned by NATOarts (!) as a kind of soundtrack for their distant radar stations in Alaska and northern Canada. More melodic than you'd think it is. The second album is more rhythmic. Icebreaker is the duo of Alexander Perls (New York, USA) and Matthew Simpson (London, UK). The group is now renamed into Icebreaker International.
Ichikawa, Hideo (Japan)
Ki Do Sho (1980)
Moon Gallery (2016)
Although busy and noisy, this is quite listenable experimental analog electronics.
Cosmic Ambient from Oleg Hurvatov, like a more sedate Bad Sector.
See also: Interior Disposition
A duo of Paul Nagle and Peter Ruczynski (ex-AirSculpture). A diverse bunch of electronic tracks.
See also: Nagle, Paul
Idee du Femelle (Spain)
Visions & Forms (1988)
Electronic project of Toni Parera with several tapes released in the 1980's and several split releases as well. Not sure but I think that at least part of his output can be classified as Prog EM or is related to that sound.
1983... And She Told Me I Was Die (1978)
Private pressing from Germany, one guy with processed guitars and basses and a proto-industrial, sort of a Heldon-like attitude, although this is pretty minimal and ambient in comparison. Two sidelong tracks.
Idiom Colleagues (Canada)
Interpretations, Chapter One (1983)
Private pressing of this obscure Canadian group. Mixture of Electronic Music and some jazzy stuff. The personnel is: Anthony Baskey - sax, flute; Sean Norman - guitars; Graham Cole - percussion; Brent Alan - synthesizers, drum programming, effects.
Idle State (Germany)
Northern Lights (1993)
Idle State is Mathias Brüssel. Supposedly, Ambient. Mathias is also known as part of the Flow project and more recently part of a live duo with Michael Brückner.
See also: Flow
Igneous Flame (UK)
8 Shades of Sound (2005)
Flicker (2008) (with Achromus)
Halo (2008) (with Achromus)
Harmonium (2009) (with Disturbed Earth)
Chilly, droning ambience from Pete Kelly based in Leeds, UK.
IIIC Magical Space Band (Japan)
Infinite Space Octave (1978) (S)
Rare seven incher by Hideki Matsutake (aka Logic System) under a pseudonym. Minimal, cosmic, experimental Electronic Music. Mostly just various synth tones going up and down the scale. Certainly some of the most experimental stuff Matsutake ever did.
See also: Matsutake, Hideki
Ijhan, Georz (USA)
In Silence / In Darkness (1986)
Super rare cassette with Experimental EM.
Iko '83 (1982)
Normally I would not include any "minimal synth" acts in the encyclopedia but these guys (an obscure Quebecois trio with all members using strange pseudonyms) at times sound more Kraftwerk than Kraftwerk themselves, which is a curiosity. If you like simple, repetitive synth riffs, clinical drum machines and cold, deranged vocals, then go for it. However, the rarity factor makes this a tough one to find.
Closer / Drowning (2014)
Core (2016) (S)
Ambient from Hannu Ikola who is also known as a DJ and techno musician.
Il Creatore (Italy)
La Gente Comune (2007)
Animali da Riproduzione (2007)
Venite dal Creatore (2007)
La Testa, Che Pensa? (2007)
Sei Soltanto Un Uoma (2007)
Il Mondo e Belle Il Mondo e Brutto (2008)
Fans of Kraftwerk are sure to enjoy this. Il Creatore uses Korg and Elektron synthesizers, old Commodore computers and vocoder to craft rhythmic melodic compositions with that early 1980's electropop flair.
Il Guardiano del Faro (Italy)
Il Gabbiano Infelice (1972) (S)
He (1972) (S)
L'Uomo e il Mare (1972)
Il Guardiano del Faro was one of the aliases of Italian composer and producer Federico Monti Arduini. He made a name for himself playing commercial tunes on synthesizers and was quite well known in the Italian pop music scene. However, he apparently also did some more experimental instrumental works which I'll try to list here.
Autumn Departure (1994)
You'll Never Sparkle In Hell (2000)
2-Pole Drift (2003)
Dark Ambient by Jens Petter Nilsen and Jane Christina Aasterud.
Hardangervidda (2002) (with Nidhogg)
Hardandervida Part 2 (2002) (with Nidhogg)
This black metal artist and former bassist of Thou Shalt Suffer (real name - Vidar Vaaer) has released several Ambient works (listed above).
Land of Ruins And Eternal Mist
In A Poisonous Embrace (1997)
The Inner Decline (1998)
Supposedly, Ritual Ambient from France.
Ilic, Sanja & Markovic, Slobodan (Serbia)
Delta Project (1987)
Electronic Music. Both Sanja Ilic and Slobodan Markovic are fairly respected producers / arrangers for popular artists and film / TV composers. This album had considerable success in former Yugoslavia when it came out.
Ilijin, Djordje (Serbia)
Zabranjeno Prisluskivanje (1983)
Solo album from flute and keyboard player of prog band Tako. Naturally, it's dominated by flute and keyboards with some environmental sounds and real drums. The music has a sedate, pastoral feel and seems to be influenced by Pink Floyd, Camel, Oldfield and sometimes Tangerine Dream.
10 Suicides (1980)
P.T.M. Works (1980)
Culture (1980) (S) (with Edouard Nono)
D. Prune Tributes Volume 1 (1989)
D. Prune Tributes Volume 2 (1990)
D. Prune Tributes Volume 3 (1991)
Ilitch Tapes (2003) (recorded in 1974 - 1979)
Hors Temps - Out of Time (2004)
Rainy House (2005) (recorded in 1978)
Lena's Life & Other Stories (2007)
Dark Summer (2009)
Life Out of Time (2010)
La Maïeutique de la Quantique (2010)
Un Jour Comme Tant a'Autres (2011) (recorded in 1975)
Ilitch is Thierry Muller who's been making music since the ealy 1970's, first with a harmonium, guitar and tape recorders. However, by 1975 or so, he switched to electronic devices and was joined by Ruth Ellyeri - an on and off second member of Ilitch. Thierry then recruited his brother Patrick (on EMS synthesizer and processed guitar) for a live performance of Ilitch in 1976. More performances followed and the first LP (not counting the strictly limited Portraits from 1977) was issued a bit later. During his career, Thierry Muller has collbaorated with many experimental and electronic musicians. Musically, Ilitch is a bit like the avant-garde version of Heldon with new wave influences.
See also: Ruth
Ilyin, Gennady (Russia)
Muzyka Rozhdestva (1999)
Little Tragedies' keys man surrounded himself with moogs and performs warm and virtuoso passages influenced by both Electronic Music and progressive rock.
See also: Little Tragedies
Imaginary Landscape (Germany)
Private Collection (1995)
Holiday Pictures (2001)
Aaron Tapes (2005)
Started in 1986, Imaginary Landscape was initially a live electronic project of Hans-Dieter Schmidt with Bernd Hruby, but I believe that it is now reduced to a solo project of Schmidt.
See also: Spurensicherung
Imaginary Softwoods (USA)
Imaginary Softwoods (2008)
The Invisible Cloud Container (2009) (S)
The Path of Spectrolite (2011)
Nine (2011) (S)
Dawn Margins (2015) (S)
Annual Flowers In Color (2016) (recorded in 2011 - 2015)
Drone-based Ambient from John Elliott, a member of Emeralds.
See also: Emeralds, Outer Space, Mist.
Imaginary Zenith (Hungary)
This electronic duo was formed by future member of Force Majeure Laszlo Kovacs and his schoolfriend circa 1983. They used self-build electronic instruments by Kovacs and gave various shows throughout Hungary up until 1993.
See also: Force Majeure
Imberg, Alan (USA)
A Collection of Thoughts (2001)
I Am (2006)
You Are (2006)
Guitar-based Ambient soundscapes.
Immersion Theory (USA)
The [Icarus] Foray (2007)
Deep Ambient / Space Music by Los-Angeles-based musician John-Mark Austin. Mastered by Robert Rich.
Immram (New Zealand)
The Voyage of the Corvus Corrone (2011)
Melodic Electronic Music that will be enjoyed by fans of Schmoelling-era Tangerine Dream. Beware the vocals.
A group led by Stefano Focacci, with keys, bass, guitar, drum machine... Sort of a mixture of electronics and prog / psych.
Electro Flection (2009)
Minimal Beats (2009)
Simple Impulse (2014)
ImsJims is Jimmy Lehner aka James Lehner - drummer of San Diego post-rockers Tristeza. His solo work, expectedly, focuses of drum patterns that he infuses with analog soundscapes. Overall, this is not terribly progressive but there are shades of Cluster and other Dusseldorf School pioneers and he does create some nice atmospheres when he's not very rhythm-heavy.
In Death's Throes (USA)
Ritual Sadistica (1998)
Infernal Deities Transcending (1999)
Natural Selections (2000)
Live Executions 1998 - 2001 (2001)
Tactical Disorder (2003)
Dark soundscapes by Stephen Petrus (Umbra).
See also: Umbra, Murderous Vision.
In Meditarium (Ukraine)
Les Fleurs du Mal (2002)
Mare Internum (2005) (S)
The Great Limbo (2010)
Drift In Sodom (2013)
Dark Ambient ala Lustmord by Oleg Kolyada and Sergey Svistelnik.
See also: Old Monk's Saga, Filius Macrocosmi.
In Spe (Estonia)
In Spe (1983)
In Spe (1985)
Symphonic rock with a strong electronic element. File under EM-related.
See also: Mattiisen, Alo, Tuur, Erkki-Sven.
In the Branches (USA)
Expanse Sessions (2015)
Portland, Oregon based artist to uses electric guitar and tons of processing to achieve a super dreamy, cosmic sound. Excellent stuff that sounds like a Space Music / Ambient hybrid. Well, the legacy of Manuel Goettsching and likeminded pioneering musicians lives on, thank God for that.
In the Mist (Belgium)
Bass guitar-based drones.
See also: Until Death Overtakes Me, Dreams of Dying Stars, Fall of the Grey-Winged One, I Dream No More, Forbidden Fields.
In the Nursery (UK)
When Cherished Dreams Come True
An Ambush of Ghosts (1993) (soundtrack)
Anatomy of A Poet (1994)
The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1996)
Praha 1 (1997)
Man With A Movie Camera (1999)
Hindle Wakes (2001)
Cause + Effect (2002)
Electric Edwardians (2005)
A Page of Madness (2006)
Momentum II (2007)
The Passion of Joan of Arc (2008)
Blind Sound (2011)
The Calling (2013)
The Fall of the House of the Usher (2015)
Klive and Nigel Humberstone, twin brothers from Sheffield create dark, menacing soundscapes.
See also: Jumeaux, Les
Inada, Yasuo & Bemi Family (Japan)
Musically it's more in ELP vein, but much more electronic. In fact, it's so dominated by Inada's keyboards (mostly organ and synthesizers) that it warranted an inclusion here. Contains also some nice "out-there" moments. File under progrock / EM crossover.
Burning Flesh (1992)
Burning Flesh / Seelenhain (1993)
The Axxiarm Plains (1995) (EP)
The Flood of White Light (1996) (S)
Inade (1997) (recorded in 1994 - 1997)
Colliding Dimensions Tour 1999 (1999)
V.I.T.R.I.O.L. (1999) (S)
Quartered Void (2000) (S)
The Crackling of the Anonymous (2001)
Peryt Shou (2002) (with Turbund Sturmwerk)
Colliding Dimensions (2002) (recorded in 1995 - 2002)
Samadhi State (2004) (recorded in 2001 - 2002)
Spring Equinox Tokyo 2006 (2006) (S)
Deep Space Illumination (2007) (with Circular)
The Incarnation of the Solar Architects (2009)
Antimimon Pneumatos (2011)
Audio Mythology One (2012)
Der Tod Ist das Einfachste. Sterben Kann Ein Idiot! (??)
Dark Ambient from Rene Lehmann and Knut Enderlein.
Dark Zounds (1992)
Order of Fecundation (1992)
Oeuvres Completes Tome I - XVI (1992)
Day of Torment (1992)
Project Inanna Dead Inanna (1993)
Storm I - III (1993)
Signal / Or / Minimal (1999)
Deep & dark sounds from this Archon Satani side-project (Mikael Stavöstrand).
See also: Archon Satani, Desiderii Marginis.
Inter Dimensional Space Commander (1996)
It's a one-man electronic project. Think Fonya and Tangerine Dream.
Individual Sensitivity (Croatia)
Various Frames (1990)
A duo of Vlatko Delgalo and Zoran Juginović, supposedly with an ambient style.
Rupa Loka (2011)
Winter In Zangla (2012)
See also: Urenga
Turning Away (1993)
Kingdom of Light (1993)
Parallel Time (1993)
Magic Collection (1994)
Cosmic Sound (1994)
Self Game (1995)
Tales From Arabia (1995)
The Way Out (1996)
Helios Arena (1997)
Disco Rustic (1997)
Echo In Time (1998)
Star Traveller (1999)
Ocean of Silence (1999)
Sideral Music (1999)
Whispers of Nature (1999)
Millennium Live 2000 (2000)
Ultimate Nexus (2002)
The Call of Shiva Vol. 1 (2005)
The Call of Shiva Vol. 2 (2006)
The Challenge (2006)
Tripura Sundari (2007)
The Pyramid Concert (2010)
Live In the Salt Mine 2007 (2010)
Interactive Play Vol. 1 (2012)
Interactive Play Vol. 2 (2012)
Thunderbolt - Live At the Black Sea (2013)
Archives - Ruby One (2015) (recorded in 1994 - 1995)
Archives - Ruby Two (2015) (recorded in ??)
Archives - Ruby Three (2015) (recorded in 1998 - 1999)
Archives - Ruby Four (2015) (recorded in 2004)
Archives - Ruby Five (2015) (recorded in 2005)
Archives - Emerald One (2015) (recorded in 2005)
Archives - Emerald Two (2015) (recorded in 2005)
Archives - Emerald Three (2015) (recorded in 2006)
Archives - Emerald Four (2015) (recorded in 2006)
Archives - Emerald Five (2015) (recorded in 2005 - 2006)
Archives - Gold One (2015) (recorded in 2006 - 2007)
Archives - Gold Two (2015) (recorded in ??)
Archives - Gold Three (2015) (recorded in ??)
Archives - Gold Four (2015) (recorded in 2008 - 2009)
Archives - Gold Five (2015) (recorded in 2009)
Archives - Diamond One (2016)
Archives - Diamond Two (2016) (recorded in 2010)
Archives - Diamond Three (2016) (recorded in 2011)
Archives - Diamond Four (2016) (recorded in ??)
Archives - Diamond Five (2016) (recorded in 2012)
Archives - Platinum One (2016) (recorded in 2012 - 2013)
Cosmic and classical-influenced EM from this Romanian artist (real name - Dan Bozaru). Some albums are pure Berlin School fests with more than a hint of classic Schulze material. Some other works are more subtle and ambient, tending, dare I say it, towards new age. Note that Interactive Play albums (2012) represent a series of samplers that introduce listeners to Indra's work, but each volume also contains a long, 20+ minute unreleased track, so these might be worth tracking down by fans & completists and it's also the reason I have included these releases in the discography above.
Private Rituals (1998)
Vow of Silence (2005)
Of Truth, Eternal Beauty And Nought (2006)
De Verkenningen (2006)
High Intolerance Towards Low Energies (2007)
For fans of Tribal Ambient ala Steve Roach, Vidna Obmana, Paul Schutze etc. In-Existence is Maarten van der Vleuten.
Papiez Widm i Widziadel (1999)
Cardinal of the Daemons (2002)
Upior - Qualis Rex Talis Grex (2004)
Neo-classical Black Ambient. For fans of Mortiis.
Solar Crisis (2008)
The New Gods Chronicles (2009)
Atmospheric synthesizer and Berlin School artist from Normandy, who'd been previously playing guitar in various obscure progressive rock bands. The last track of the first album is a techno number. On The New Gods Chronicles a more sedate style is introduced, very much influenced by Ashra's New Age of Earth. If you know and love this work, be sure to check out Infinitæ. It will give tons of warm, floating pads, cosmic effects and gentle, restrained electric guitar strumming.
Infinity Window (USA)
Trans Fat (2008)
Artificial Midnight (2009) (S)
Droning Ambient duo of Daniel Lopatin and Taylor Richardson.
See also: Oneohtrix Point Never
InfraRed Uforia (USA)
Moonflowers I (2005)
Moonflowers II (2005)
Electronic side-project from members of neo-psychedelia band UltraViolet Uforia. Diverse music from ambient floaters via sequencer and experimental realms to strange electronic ballads. Beware the vocals on the first track of Moonflowers I.
Ingle, Marten (USA)
Specific Pacific Archipelagos (1985)
Cassette box with experimental EM.
Inner Travels (USA)
First Light (2014)
Garden Music (2014)
Seiche (2014) (S)
Phases of A Forest Moon (2015)
Clear Seeing (2016)
Perfectly in line with the current "new age synth" revival, First Light by Steve Targo from Wisconsin is a journey into inoffensive and at time schmaltzy floating synth meditations.
Not From Here (2011)
A Lion's Baptism (2013)
Innercity is Belgian experimental electronic musician Hans Dens. So far few albums are included, may expand in the future, as his discography is quite extensive and I am sure that there are more prog EM-related works from him.
First Light (2005)
Melodic and rhythmic music that brings to mind some 90's work by British synth musicians (Boddy, Pickford etc).
Three Days of Darkness (2009)
Dark soundscapes from Doyle Finley and Kevin Scala.
See also: Invercauld
Inoue, Tetsu (Japan)
Datacide (1993) (with Atom Heart)
Datacide 2 (1993) (with Atom Heart)
2350 Broadway (1993) (with Pete Namlook)
Shades of Orion I (1993) (with Pete Namlook)
Flowerhead (1994) (with Atom Heart)
Cymatic Scan (1994) (with Bill Laswell)
Ambiant Otaku (1994)
Zenith (1994) (with Carlos Vivanco)
2350 Broadway II (1994) (with Pete Namlook)
Electro Harmonix (1994) (with Jonah Sharp)
Organic Cloud (1995)
Shades of Orion II (1995) (with Pete Namlook)
Second Nature (1995) (with Atom Heart and Bill Laswell)
Slow And Low (1995)
62 Eulengasse (1995) (with Pete Namlook)
World Receiver (1996)
2350 Broadway 3 (1996) (with Pete Namlook)
Instant Replay (1997)
Waterloo Terminal (1998)
Active / Freeze (2000) (with Taylor Deupree)
Audio (2000) (with Charles Uzzell-Edwards and Daimon Beail)
Fragment Dots (2000)
Field Tracker (2000) (with Andrew Deutsch)
Object And Organic Code (2001)
pict.soul (2001) (with Carl Stone)
Humming Bird Feeder Ver. 0.2 (2002) (with Stephen Vitiello and Andrew Deutsch)
Shades of Orion III (2003) (with Pete Namlook)
Installation Sound (2004) (with Andrew Deutsch)
2356 Broadway IV (2006) (with Pete Namlook)
Slow And Low (2007)
Time2 (2009) (with Pete Namlook)
Datacide 3 (2010) (with Atom Heart)
62 Eulengasse (2010) (with Pete Namlook)
Zenith (2010) (with Carlos Vivanco)
Ambient and chill-out. Tetsu Inoue is one of the best-known names from Japan. He was born in Tokyo and started playing music pretty early in his life, first in a rock / pop cover band. A bit later he began experimenting with synthesizers, inspired by Kraftwerk, YMO and Pink Floyd. Tetsu Inoue currently resides in New York.
Inoyama Land (Japan)
Danzindan Pojidon (1983)
Self Control Music (1995)
Inoyama Land (1997)
Music For Myxomycetes (1998)
1984 Pithecanthropus (1999) (recorded in 1978 - 1998)
Inoyama Land was formed by two members of avant-pop collective Hikashu - Yasushi Yamashita and Makoto Inoue. Here, they explore an ambient, synth-based sound.
See also: Pre Hikashu, Hikashu.
A project of Wolfgang Hertz with Annette Koch (drum machine) and Jan Kuchler (keyboards).
See also: Hertz, Wolfgang
Inquisitor Betrayer (USA)
Space Elevator (2006)
A duo of Dale Kay and Wes Antczak with Lorraine Kay as third member. Symphonic Electronic Music with influences from Tangerine Dream and Jarre. The album has great artwork done by Paul Whitehead (www.paulwhitehead.com)
Inside Agitator (Germany)
Monuments of Faith (2006)
Black Side of the Moon (2008)
EBM project of Olaf Krautwurst. Some of his releases (listed) are ambient and atmospheric.
Rather experimental collective of Angelo Petronella, Paolo Piselli and Terzilio Mancinelli. They used voices, homemade electronics, oscillators, synths and various found sounds to create dense, avant-garde compositions. They performed in several venues and art galleries and had one LP pressed privately, later re-issued on CD with two bonus tracks. Fans of Experimental EM will enjoy this.
Sketches In Sound 1989 - 1999
When Evening Falls (2003)
At Night (2003)
A New Dawn (2005)
Sketches is a cassette box with Ambient music for fans of Robert Rich, Steve Roach and Vidna Obmana.
See also: Beyond Infinity, Simulacra.
Dark / Ambient Noise with factory ambiences.
The Mystery Visions (2002)
See also: Visions, Skorneg.
Institute of Sound Performance (Germany)
Soft Hymns (1991)
Electronic duo of Georg Brasch and Thomas Katsch, mostly influenced by the Berlin School. Institute of Sound Performance was formed in 1988 in Berlin. They do use typical digital instruments of the day, so don't expect anything like 1970's Tangerine Dream here. However, their use of digital timbres is quite inventive and their first album is surprisingly listenable, considering the era it was released in. There's even a nice use of vocoder on the title track.
Virus Dei (2004)
Loop-based Dark Ambient with touhes of industrial. Insuffer are Robert Marciniak and Marcin Bachtiak
Intelligentsia (Netherlands / UK)
Zonderland (1997) (soundtrack)
The Signal To Off World (1999) (S)
The Other Side of the Screen (2007)
Music For Motherships (2010)
Energetic and sometimes danceable music, something like a cross between Jarre and Pickford. Zonderland is a soundtrack to a video game. The Signal To Off World was recorded with Victor Cerullo. Intelligentsia is basically a duo of John van der Stap (Netherlands) and Mirai (a mysterious musician from the UK now residing in Japan) plus whatever artist that comes along and contributes. The idea for Intelligentsia came in 1989. Since then, the group gave many shows (with lots of visuals) and released some albums, apart from working on music for video games.
A Fond Perdu (1981)
Out of Blue Fashion (1983)
Visions And Stories (1994)
In the Deep (??)
Swiss synth trio of Rudiger Glaser, Helmut Brunner and Clemens Glaser.
Interconnected (Greece / Germany)
Current Flow (2010)
A duo of Bakis Sirros and Ingo Zobel creating a mixture of contemporary and vintage styles.
See also: Parallel Worlds
Signs of Life (1992)
Circles And Squares (1993)
Slow Colours (1994)
Next Area (1995)
Range of Vision (1996)
On IC label. Some works are melodic, some rhythmic, approaching trance territory, complete with modern rhythms. Interface was initially a duo of Michael Gross and Marcel Thebach but starting from 1994 it's a solo project of Gross.
See also: Thebach, Marcel
Interface was an electronic duo of Samir Menaceri and Roxana Flores. They are considered pioneers of EBM genre in Mexico. However, I have some reasons to believe that this album also contains more ambient and prog-oriented material. I have no idea why it's so obscure. There was a second album by the duo, Dictadura from 1989, which is much more along the traditional EBM line.
Intergalactic Touring Band, The (international)
The Intergalactic Touring Band (1977)
A one-off huge project of Steven Galfas. Included Larry Fast (Synergy), Anthony Phillips, Arthur Brown and a huge number of other musicians. As you probably guessed, lots of different styles here, some of them we all could probably do without.
See also: Synergy, Brown, Arthur, Phillips, Anthony.
Interior is a synthesizer project from Japan that includes Eiki Nonaka. Their first album was produced by Haruomi Hosono. There were several issues of this album, including a later press from 1985 on American new age label Windham Hill with a different mix and altered tracklist. The music is hardly new age, though, and sounds like a light-hearted and atmospheric version of YMO, with synths, sax and piano, plus vocals on some cuts.
Interior Disposition (Russia)
Starvision Fields (2007)
Melancholy Crescent (2007)
Untitled (2009) (with Sister Loolomie)
The Colour Out of Space (2010)
Taedium Vitae (2010)
From Autumn (2011)
Blood & Scars (2012)
Cranium Vult: Unreleased & Rarities 2003 - 2013 (2013)
Interior Disposition is Oleg Hurvatov (previously known as just Id). This music is mostly Ambient of the darker variety.
See also: Id
International Debris (UK)
Bathe In the Lights of Distant Cities (2015)
Varied ambient project of Ross Baker.
Internationaler Geräuschorchester (Germany)
Internationaler Geräuschorchester (1983)
Internationaler Geräuschorchester II (1985)
World Music by Ulrich Hornberg and Wolfgang Sperner plus guests.
Interstellar Cementmixers (UK)
Zircon 87 (1989)
Rod of the Tropical Dishcloth Goude (1990)
Hysteresis Calyx (1993)
Webbed Penduluum Vapour (1994)
Encapsulated Turquoise Void (1996)
Manequin Ambergine (1996)
Catacomb Discord (1997)
Magnetic Subsidence (??)
Dislodged Resonance (1998)
Monochrome Gravity (1999)
Night Radiation (2001)
Dimension Y (2004)
Red Earth (2004)
Submerged Reality (2009)
This group was formed in 1987 in Nottingham by two guys, Dump (Stephen Martin) and Rich (Richard Collins). Both basically play synthesizers and nothing more. Quite experimental Black Space, comparable to Lightwave or Tangerine Dream circa Zeit.
Interstellar Electric Gnome Band (USA)
Interstellar Electric Gnome Band (2006)
Interstellar Electric Gnome Band are electronic artist Nuada plus Kelly and Bunny Sheets who were both members of Gravity Hill project. Some of the music resembles that style, with sequences and spacey textures, although there's also some dire 4/4 techno stuff that's totally useless and just plain silly. Why ruining a fine album is beyond me, but I hope they don't repeat this "experiment".
See also: Gravity Hill, Nuada.
Interstellar Sequence (Czech Republic)
Back To the Moon (2015)
Berlin School artist Martin Mikulecky. He started with music in 1992, first with a cheap synth and then with tracker software of the time. He then lost his interest in making music and took a break, before returning in late 2013, this time using the latest VST technology.
Live At the Miramar (2002) (with Vir Unis)
Ambient music that mixes Berlin School pulsations with some glitchiness, beats and weird droning soundscapes. Interstitial is John Koch-Northrup.
Number One (1966)
Free Psychedelic Poster Inside (1968)
Bizarre psych with electronics by John Mills-Cockell. Other members of the band were Blake Parker, Michael Hayden and Dik Zander.
See also: Mills-Cockell, John
Flotation Toy Warning (1998)
UK duo of Steve Pitts and Stephen Meixner that sounds like a cross between Steve Roach's Ambient output and pure Ritual Ambient sounds of Alio Die.
See also: Band of Pain, Contrastate.
In the Garden of Asmodeus (2004)
Soundscapes with environmental sounds, influenced by German EM and krautrock of the 1970's.
Passing Without Notice (1982)
Progressive rock trio formed in Florida by drummer and keyboardist Rick Jones with his friends Jim Garcia (percussion, vocals) and Rick Barranco (percussion). There are also guitar and bass players, although you can't say that from listening to their recently remastered single "The Changing of the Guard". In fact, all you can hear is just drums and a total overload of Prophet 5 synthesizer from Jones. You can tell where he is aiming with all the virtuoso solos but he ends up sounding like a one-man, completely synthesized prog orchestra. Something for Synergy fans maybe? Although the feel is completely different here, more like a 100% electronic Wakeman. I guess I will define it as "EM-related" for now. I wonder, how the rest of the album sounds like.
Stormy Night (2001)
Dark and somewhat Martial ambience from Doyle Finley.
See also: Innfallen
Gateways To Darken Worlds (2002)
Invisible Band!, The (UK)
A Round Trip (1986)
Sunburst Earthrise (??)
Occam's Razor (1991)
Inner Mind Travel Agency (1992)
Off Cuts 'n' Out-Takes (1993)
Lo-Fi Funnies (1994)
Ignore Alien Orders (1996)
Welcome To the Llamadome (1997)
Legend In A Lunchtime (1999)
Red Squirrel, Grey Squirrel? (2000)
Interplanetary Vibe (2000)
Galactic Citizen (2002)
The Queen of Memes (2002)
Castles In the Sky (2003)
It's Music, Jim. But Not As We Know It (2004)
Some Days Are Meant To Last Forever (2005)
Iaxartes Tholus (2008)
The music of Alazarin Mobius (aka Rory Cargill - the man behind The Invisible Band!) will appeal to fans of Steve Hillage, Tangerine Dream, Tomita and maybe also Synergy and vintage computer game music. Some tracks are orchestral and flowing, others rhythmic with lots of guitar, but, overall, a very cosmic (and energetic) affair. The project exists since around 1981 but the early releases were supposedly full-band efforts.
Invisible Path (USA)
Hermetic Dreamscapes On the Roots of Our
Gathering Warmth (2012)
Circle of Spirits (2012)
Deep Dives (2012)
Message of Sky (2012)
Cloud Variations (2013)
Burnt Explorers (2013)
The Levitating Mirror (2013)
Dreams Woven Within the Tapestry (2013)
Hallowed Ground (2015)
Michael Bailey, former member of San-Francisco's Barn Owl, creates lo-fi, cosmic dreamscapes.
Invisible Universe (???)
Echoes & Views (??)
Transient Age (1993)
On Electronical Dreams. Invisible Universe is Pasi Nyrönen.
Air+ (2014) (S)
Inwolves is a trio of Jürgen de Blonde (Aka Köhn), Karen Willems and Ward Dupan. They are a drums / guitar / synths band and, as you can guess, it's a krautrock-related sound here, although I cannot link them to a specific krautrock or EM genre, their music having influences from both Dusseldorf and Berlin schools, without being heavy neither on the sequencers, nor on motorik rhythms. I think they are more like a driving / melodic progrock / kraut / EM mixture, with shades of Goblin perhaps.
See also: Köhn
Future Forever (2007)
Ion is David J. Hughes from T-Bass UK and here he developed a more sedate, relaxed and romantic style, influenced by Vangelis.
See also: T-Bass, Skin Mechanix.
Ion And Sophus (Russia)
Mini Mum (2007)
The First Step Towards the Abyss (2007)
Transit Station (2011)
Atmospheric Ambient made from processed field recordings and gentle synthesizer sounds.
See also: Exit In Grey
Sliced Matter (2003) (S)
Angular Momentum (2004)
The Stellar Winds (2007)
Dark soundscapes from Erik H. Sander.
Cold Radiance (2016)
Iori Asano is a techno / house producer and musician from Okinawa, currently residing in Berlin. He mostly cites techno and deep house acts as his influences, but also Manuel Goettsching. This last mention of one of the EM greats made me check out his music and I can say that I was pleasantly surprised. While Nexus is still largely a techno / club-oriented effort with atmospheric opening and closing tracks, on Cold Radiance, there are virtually no beats to speak of. The mood ranges from somber and monolithic to lighter and hypnotic, and several tracks are nice sequencer / arpeggio-laden numbers. You can definitely say that he is moving in "our" direction here.
Iovu, Gheorghe (Romania)
Paşi Prin Univers (2005)
Preoccupied with music therapy since 1976, Gheorghe Iovu is a new age artist who released a few albums and also gives spontaneous live performances in unlikely places (mostly outdoors). This album is melodic and rhythmic. The music will appeal to fans of melodic EM of the Jarre school. There is also that slight "Dream Dance" edge to some of the tracks. His other CD's are supposedly much more new age. Needs to be investigated further.
Of Moons And Stars (2014)
Melodic, orchestral, Space Music. Iotronica is female synthesist Amanda Byrne from Cornwall.
Irem of Pillars (Germany)
As the Sun Darkens (2003)
Occident (2005) (S)
Dark, rutualistic ambience.
Irezumi is a young French techno artist Manuel Mesdag who ventured into the realms of melodic Ambient with Endurance. The album is inspired by British Antarctic expedition led by Ernest Shackleton that ended tragically (several crew members froze to death, trapped in ice). Thirty is another ambient album, a dedication to Irezumi's brother who died in 2015.
Irisarri, Rafael Anton (USA)
Hopes And Past Desires (2009) (EP)
Reverie (2010) (S)
The North Bend (2010)
The Unintentional Sea (2013)
Will Her Heart Burn Anymore (2015) (EP)
A Fragile Geography (2015)
Beautiful and captivating ambient atmospheres from this Seattle-based artist.
Primordial Soleus Beam (2015)
Stark, cold, mechanical-sounding soundscapes from Adam Sykes.
Irmler, Hans Joachim (Germany)
Taste Tribes (2008) (with Alfred 23 Harth and Günter Müller)
No Apologies (2009) (with F.M. Einheit)
Illumination (2011) (with Christian Wolfarth)
Spielwiese Drei (2011) (with Katherine Young, Ute Marie Paul and F.M. Einheit)
500m (2014) (with Gudrun Gut)
Flut (2014) (with Jaki Liebezeit)
Squib, Last Image / Sometimes Less (2015) (S) (with Moebius, Tim Story, Jon Leidecker and Gudrun Gut)
Bestandteil (2015) (with F.M. Einheit)
Formen (2016) (with Carl Oesterhelt)
Lifelike is an interesting electronic album from Faust organ player. At times ambient, at times experimental, the music is imbued with a sense of mystery and tension. He has several collaborative albums too, and some of them feature interesting electronic arrangements. Irmler is unique in that he manages to coax really strange and very diverse sounds out of his organ.
Dark Ambient with lots of processed sounds from this mysterious project.
Irock, Peter (Switzerland)
The Return (2010)
The Music of Schaffhausen Boat (2013)
Peter Irock was born in 1959. In the early 1970's he got interested in the music of Jarre, Vangelis, Tomita, Wendy Carlos and German EM pioneers (Klaus Schulze, Tangerine Dream, etc.) In 1977 he began composing his own electronic works and started to give concerts, first solo and then with fellow musician Lionello Ferrazzini as one half of the duo Fairlight. He then went solo again and played as supporting act at some concerts of Italian progrock band Banco del Mutuo Soccorso. Peter is known as an author of music for jingles and documentaries.
See also: Fairlight
Swiss duo, apparently inspired by Klaus Schulze. They played as a supporting act during Klaus' French tour in Spring, 1975. Both members (James Mosberger and Teddy Riedo) were also part of hard rock / progressive band Ertlif at the time. Irrlicht don't seem to have ever released anything, but an interesting note is that they planned an album for Klaus Schulze's proposed label. However, Klaus ditched the idea of a label until 1978, when Innovative Communications (IC) was started.
First Contact (1982)
Half Life (1984)
Three-piece electronic formation that was part of the cassette underground. Like many of their mindlikes, they used lots of analogue gear and infused their music with that minimal synth aesthetic typical of the time and culture. However, they do have a strong progressive EM component as well, use sequencers deliberately and their sound ranges from melodic / sequenced to wacky and experimental. Check out "Drill" from Half Life for an example of a nice, Berlin-y sequencer trip.
Subtitled "Electronic Soundscapes", this is probably the only electronic album by this Louisiana-born pianist (real name: Fabian I. Thibodeaux).
Cosmico Divino (2008)
The Dark Side of the Man (2010)
Melodic and symphonic Electronic Music by this female synthesist who blends influences of Jarre, Kraftwerk, Pink Floyd and more.
Isham, Mark (USA)
Vapor Drawings (1983)
Film Music (1985)
Mark Isham was born in 1951 in New York. He began his career as a trumpet player but during the 70's he was introduced to Electronic Music and started working as a synthesizer programmer. In 1980 he founded Group 87 with ex-Zappa bass player Patrick O'Hearn. Although his main output is somewhat different from what I'd normally review in EEM, I decided to include these two albums. If you like Electronic New Age, you may like these. Mark Isham has written a lot of film soundtracks.
See also: Group 87
Timelapse In Mercury (2007)
Spiritual Silence / The Voice From Home (2009) (with Steve Brand)
Fluid Earth (2010)
About Time (2010) (with Pan Electric)
Lotus (2011) (recorded in 2003 - 2006)
And Awake (2011)
Deep Space Objects (2012)
Flowering Mountain Earth (2012)
Zennor Plane (2014)
Blue Infinity (2014)
Autumn Light (2015)
Winter Light (2015)
Still Life (2015) (S)
Spring Light (2015)
Summer Light (2015)
In A Rainbow Air (2015)
Invisible Light (2015) (with Material Object)
Crows Un Wra Volume 1 (2016) (with Nacht Plank)
Crows Un Wra Volume 2 (2016) (with Nacht Plank)
Crows Un Wra Volume 3 (2016) (with Nacht Plank)
Ishq is basically British musician Matt Hillier. His music is difficult to pin down. It's mostly of ambient nature, with slightest downtempo influences.
See also: Elemental Journey, Elve, Experiments In Silence, Crystal Moon, Colourform, Ishvara, Futurology, Omni Vu Deity, Yunomi.
Magik Square of the Sun (2005)
Under A Hexagon Sky (2012)
New Worlds (2015) (EP)
Another ambient project of the insanely prolific Matt Hillier.
See also: Elemental Journey, Elve, Experiments In Silence, Crystal Moon, Colourform, Ishq, Futurology, Omni Vu Deity, Yunomi.
Isierte, Jordi (Spain)
El Tacto de la Luz (2003)
A Traves de la Conciencia (??)
El Curioso Viaje de la Manzana de Newton (??)
The first album mixes opera, orchestral and melodic EM.
Isle of Sodor (USA)
New By You (2010) (S)
A Night Off (2010) (S)
Omega Transfer (2011) (S)
Still Point (2011) (S)
Double Vision (2011) (S)
Isle of Sodor is synthesizer artist Adam Miller who has a preference for classic analogue instruments. He is generally ambient, but composes more rhythmic stuff too. On his Soundcloud page you'll find his recent composition "Parhelic Circle" (not part of any album yet), which is very Schulze, very Timewind. And very good.
See also: Miller, Adam
Serpent Age (2002)
Semblance of Perfection (2004)
The Lotus Eaters (2004)
The Way of the Transgressors (2004)
Zero Lounge (2005)
Ovarium (2008) (with Kenji Siratori)
Face Toward the Sun (2009)
Dark Ambient from David Tonkin. Mysterious, at times tribal soundscapes.
The Black Chasm (2001)
In Absence of Light (2001)
Cave of the Wind (2001) (with Stephen Philips)
Dreams 4 (2001) (with Stephen Philips)
Dark minimal ambience. Isomorph is Bill Kendall.
Isorinne, Michel (Sweden)
Varseblivning (2014) (S)
Samarbeten (2015) (S)
Recollections of Forgotten Dreams (2015)
Vintercirkeln (2016) (S)
No Strength of Sun (2016) (S)
Ambient, lo-fi and a bit dark.
See also: Dystopiska Visioner, D.Å.R.F.D.H.S.
Cocoon of Red Light (2007)
Istvan, Cziglan (Hungary)
Seven Gates of Alhambra (1999)
Posthumous release by this late musician and founding member / guitarist of progrock / EM band Solaris. The music was completed by band members. Several styles, including EM.
See also: Solaris
Les Gorges des Limbes (2004)
Dark Ambient by Yann Faussurier. Some of his works contain rhythmic industrial / noise music.
Free Electronic Music from Eduardo Polonio and Horacio Vaggione.
See also: Polonio, Horacio Vaggione.
Itoh, Akira (Japan)
Inner Light of Life (1978)
Bosatu & Mugen (1978)
Seion No Hibiki (1979)
Akira Ito (1981)
Jasuragi No Michi (1981)
Hiisurutokoro No Tenshi (1982) (soundtrack)
Buddha (1982) (soundtrack)
Bremen 5 (1985) (soundtrack)
Hopi Prophecies (1986)
Marine Flower (1986)
Four Corners of the Water (1986)
Floating electronics from former Far East Family Band member. Variants of spelling: Akira Ito, Akira Itoh. Seion No Hibiki is also known under its English title Mind Music.
See also: Far East Family Band
Sound On An Empty Road (2006)
One long Drone Ambient track from Neil Rowling and Ian Holloway.
See also: Holloway, Ian, Psychic Space Invasion.
Iverson & Walters (USA)
First Collection (1984)
Rare LP with ambient electronics from California.
Ives, Chris (UK??)
Solar Wind (??)
Synthesist on Electronical Dreams.
Concerto In Epsilon (1996)
Skyriding (1997) (with Ruud Heij)
Altiplano (1998) (S)
Meet Ivo Now (1999)
Rhythmic music with sequences and atmospherics. Recommended.
See also: Hansen, Sven, Electronic Universe.
Ekdose 1.0 (2010)
Cold and cosmic synthesizer soundscapes. The above album was also released on cassette as Ekdose 1.1.
Ivory Playground (Austria)
Scattered Clouds (1986)
A trio of musicians (Hermann Urabl, Peter Arnesen and Werner Stadler) based in Salzburg, Austria, Ivory Playground released Scattered Clouds (subtitle: Keyboards & Percussion) on German Wergo label with music recorded and mixed in Munich. The material was meant for a contemporary ballet. Nice and unique melodic style.
Spiritus Quantus (1999)
Caverns of the Loa Govi (2000)
Sacred Ground (2000)
The Future of the Future (2001)
Starfarer's Tales Vol. 1 (2002) (with Numina)
Ambient Tone Poems Vol. 1 (2003)
Ambient Tone Poems Vol. 2 (2003)
Ambient Tone Poems Vol. 3 (2003)
Starfarer's Tales Vol. 2 (2004) (with Numina)
Simulated Universe (2005) (with Stephen Philips)
Megaliths & Monoliths (2006) (with Numina)
Ambient artist whose real name was Dan Russo. His music is at times comparable to some Alpha Wave Movement material. Sadly, Dan passed away on the 15th of January, 2007.
Space Trilogy (2013)
Three-cassette set from Rivo Haavandi, composed of several digital-only EP releases. The music is supposedly spacey and ambient.
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