e Jugend (Germany)
Formate Heaven Syntax Hell (2002)
Live At Bühl (2012) (recorded in 1986)
History Works (2016) (recorded in ??)
Daniel Vujanic and Joachim Henn. Ambient soundscapes with huge guitar presence.
E.M.M. II (2012)
One of the many projects of Nico Selen (E.M.M. stands for "Electronic Minimal Music"). This is experimental and minimal Electronic Music, sometimes looped and sometimes with an ambient flair.
Premonition of Reality (1988)
Private release out of New Jersey that features drifting and spacey electronics. Side two is occupied by their "Dune Trilogy".
Synth trio of Dave Hillier, Marc Hillier and Paul Maddox. Rare cassette release.
Earth And Fire Orchestra (Netherlands)
This is actually Earth And Fire band doing Electronic Music. Composed by Chris & Gerard Koerts and Marcel van der Lans.
Earth Hum (UK)
Offa's Pots (2001)
In the Realm of the Tutse Fly (2002)
La Verdad (2003)
Riot In Brain Cell No. 9 (??)
Abstract, analogue, industrial-like music by Phil Cervi. Reminds on early German EM. This project was formed in 1997 and it's a continuation of Phil's previous project Klangstorm (active since 1996).
Japanese trio in Dusseldorf School vein (sometimes sounds almost like a copy of La Dusseldorf). The music is pretty neat. I wish they would drop the horrible vocals, though.
Salterbarty Tales (1978)
French Skyline (1979)
Atomkraft? Nein, Danke! (1980)
Humans Only (1981)
Classic Electronic Music from Craig Wuest. Earthstar was formed in Utica, New York circa 1977, when Wuest, guitarist Dennis Rea (later with Kerry Leimer's Savant) and a couple of other musicians (Daryl Trivieri and Daniel Zongrone) got together to play some music. Influenced by the German electronic pioneers, Craig's aim was to create long, flowing works for synthesizers and mellotrons. The first album went largely unnoticed but the band drew the attention of Klaus Schulze, with whom Craig started a correspondence. An invitation to Germany followed and thus, French Skyline, the band's magnum opus, was born. Recorded and engineered by Klaus Schulze, the music very pleasantly recalls X, including tons of mellotron choir plus great sequences and solos. This work is highly recommended. Atomkraft? Nein, Danke! is more varied in style. After that the group released Humans Only which was to become Earthstar's last official album before the group dissolved. Apparently, another work called Axiom was recorded by Craig Wuerst alone, in a straightforward, melodic style, but no proof exists that this music was ever released in any form.
Easily Embarrassed (Netherlands)
Idyllic Life (2008)
Planet Discovery (2009)
Tales of the Coin Spinner (2012)
Easily Embarrassed is a duo of Dutch musicians Jeffrey van der Schilden and Nick van der Schilden (yes, two brothers). Peter Spaargaren helps with engineering and production. They base their sound on vintage synthesizers and retro atmospheres, adding a touch of modern downtempo styles. Apart from these two CD's, they've had some download releases, too.
Eating Flowers (USA)
Eating Flowers (2015)
God Was A White-Tailed Deer (2015)
Music For Julia Drive (2016)
Eating Flowers is ambient drone artist Greg Dutcher. Originally from Virginia, he is currently based in NYC.
Vmnh Rsh Vn'th (2015)
Dark Ritual Ambient with low rumbles, drones and general blackness.
Star Voyager (2006)
Hunter of Worlds (2009)
Space Explorer (2010)
Mission Control (2012)
Herrscher im Orbit (2014)
A project of Jörg Bialinska. Melodic music, sometimes with 1980's dance influences (as on Hunter of Worlds that was inspired by Laserdance).
Echo System (UK)
Electronic Music by Garry Hughes and Nick Fisher.
See also: Hughes, Garry
Ecke, Jurgen (Germany)
East-German synthesist and film music composer.
Led by keyboardist Pierre Gauthier, Eclipse was a short-lived space rock band from Quebec. They cover a lot of ground on their eponymous first album, from grand, sweeping Pink Floyd-like tracks with female vocals to pop songs and ghostly electronic atmospheres. A second album was released in 1977, titled Night And Day, making a complete turn towards the commercial side (disco).
Eclipse Project, The (Canada)
A Perfect Gradient Sky (2014)
Space Music / World Music with some voice samples. The Eclipse Project is Beau Lukes from Toronto.
Jesus of Nazareth (2015)
Dream pop / post-rock duo from Sweden. This is an instrumental ambient concept album with a strong neo-classical flair.
Forest Echo (2012)
Human Body Movement (2014) (S)
Almost There (2016) (S)
Italian techno producer Edoardo Zerbinati whose range of influences seems to include Prog EM. And when he does EM, he does it pretty well, creating hypnotic, repetitive, but soft and floating patterns. Relevant tracks include the opener "Overture" from Forest Echo, Parts 1 and 3 of Human Body Movement and the first track of Almost There 2. File under EM-related.
Frites Memoire (2010) (recorded in 1985 - 1993)
Electronic Music by Edgar Hellwig, supposedly of experimental quality.
See also: Hellwig, Edgar
Edelston, Andrew (USA)
Edelston's Cronos (1988)
Private release out of Minnesota. The style is not known at the moment.
French duo whose music has been described as a cross between Schicke, Fuhrs & Frohling and Bo Hansson. So, it's probably symphonic electronics with a "progrock" edge.
See also: Vrayance, Hubert
Eden, Steve (UK)
Scenes From A Dream (2005)
Hallucinations And Reverberations (2009)
Edge, The (UK)
Captive (1986) (soundtrack)
What you somehow don't expect is an ambient album from U2 guitarist. But this is what we basically have here. There is once vocal number in this soundtrack sung by Sinead O'Connor, and a couple of more rhythmic numbers that sound like a cross between 1980's Tangerine Dream (their soundtrack work) and Alan Parsons Project. And the rest is basically Ambient, guitar-based or electronic. The Ambient that The Edge plays is clearly from the Brian Eno school of thought and is also similar to Michael Brook, who plays guitar on this album and even composed one of the tracks. Not really a classic but a nice artifact with quite pleasant music.
Edge Effect (UK)
I Am Standing At the Gateway To Darkness, Yet All I See Is the Light (2011)
Edge of Darkness (UK)
Enochian Keys (2004)
Edge, William (USA)
Journey To the Edge (2003)
Edge of the Universe (2004)
Beyond the Edge (2004)
Breathing Without Air (2005)
Little Verses (2006)
Secret Diary (2008)
Diverse music from New York City with influences from jazz, new age et al. Most of the time stays in the Space Music / Ambient territory, though.
The Bursting (2000) (recorded in 1981)
This band, led by Marc Ceccotti (guitars, keys and percussion) appeared on the scene in the early 1980's. Although from Monaco, their efforts seem to be in line with the then new French symphonic prog revival (i.e. neo-prog). The Bursting seems to be an archive release (there is no evidence of any original pressing on vinyl or otherwise). The band is still searching for their sound here. The music is completely instrumental and will be enjoyed by fans of both progressive rock and (melodic) Electronic Music. A drum machine is used on some tracks.
The Creation of the World (1991)
Electronic duo of Wolf-Dietrich Hörle and Michael Puschner.
Edler, Hans (Sweden)
Elektron Kukeso (1971)
Spökhistorier (1972) (with Stig Järrel)
Space Vision (1979)
Hans Edler was a hero of Swedish psychedelic rock era (a pop star of sorts) who studied at the EMS studio in Stockholm and decided to release this oddity, titled Elektron Kukeso on his own private label. The purpose remains unclear but perhaps he wanted to become famous with that or something. However, the album sank into obscurity just a few years after its release and remains an interesting document of early electronic experimentation from the beginning of the 1970's. The sounds come from the then state-of-the-art computer instrument installed at the EMS, on top of which Hans sings (in Swedish) in a monotone manner a bit similar to that of Brian Eno. So, it's sort of a proto synth-pop kind of thing. He then went on to release a couple more albums - the audiobook (with background Electronic Music) narrated by Stig Järrel and a much more mainstream and generic Space Vision with a strong space disco flair.
Edren, David (Belgium)
Music For Mimosa Pudica & Codariocalyx (2015) (S)
Minimal analog music for plants.
See also: DSRlines, Hare Akedod.
Feuerhand (2014) (S)
Edward is an alias of Berlin-based deejay and producer Gilles Aiken. Surprisingly, the whole side B of Feuerhand 12" vinyl record is occupied by the hypnotic, 13+ minute piece "Symbols of Balea", which is done in the style of Ashra's Walkin' the Desert.
Edwards, Nick (UK)
Controlled By Voltage Vol. 1 (1994)
Bristol-born electronic artist and producer who currently composes dubstep / industrial music as Ekoplekz. Controlled By Voltage is his early experiments with analogue synthesizers, while Plekzationz combines his modern dubstep / techno influences with a classic synthesizer sound.
Soms Ben Je Alleen (1984)
Electronic duo of Kees Aerts and Eric Vermeulen that broke up shortly after completing the second cassette and, therefore, it was never officially released.
See also: Aerts, Kees
Eela Craig (Austria)
One Niter (1976)
Hats of Glass (1978)
Missa Universalis (1978)
Virgin Oiland (1980)
Great Austrian symphonic progressive with Bognermayr & Zuschrader. Hats of Glass has been described to be in the Floyd meets Tangerine Dream mould with long instrumental explorations and synths galore.
See also: Bognermayr & Zuschrader, Blue Chip Orchestra, Control Company.
Eerie Macabre (USA)
Eerie theremin sounds and other electronics. Ben Ireland's project.
Black Sky (2013)
Untrue Blacks (2014)
Wonder (2014) (S)
Animal Spirits (2015) (S)
Longest Day (2015) (S)
On Going (2015) (S)
Light On the Horizon (2015)
Star Patterns (2015)
What Started It All (2015)
The Winter Treasure (2015) (S)
But For This (2016) (S)
No Comeback (2016) (S)
Visions of Blue (2016)
Varied music, from guitar-based instrumental rock to electronic, ambient. Sometimes with acoustic drums.
Egan, Duff (USA)
The Future of Man (2016)
Droning ambient soundscapes. Sometimes quite stark and a bit noisy.
Egan, Paul (Ireland)
Island of Dreams (1979)
Obscure Irish multi-instrumentalist residing in Paris. Egan plays guitars, percussion and keyboards and there are also some guests including David Cross of King Crimson on violin. This album has one side of instrumental progressive rock / fusion and the second side is supposedly more electronic. Further investigation is needed.
Egelie, Joost (Belgium)
Boundaries of Infinity
Music For Mars Missions (2009)
From Mars To Earth (2010)
Belgian synthesist with a melodic, spacey and Berlin School-influenced style.
See also: Sensory++
Ego On the Rocks (Germany)
Acid In Wounderland (1981)
A project from ex-Eloy members Jurgen Rosenthal and Detlev Schmidtchen. Here, they create a mixture of progrock and cosmic Electronic Music that incorporates Tangerine-Dream-like sequences and lots of loops and sound collage techniques. Beware the vocals.
See also: Eloy, Schmidtchen, Detlev.
Four Elements (2012)
Rhythmic music from Francesco Boscolo, Michele Cattaneo, Mario Varotto and Nicholas. The shorter tracks on their first album are vocal synth-pop. "Antarctic" is a 20-minute rhythmic, melodic, dynamic electronic track
Egyptian Kings (Portugal)
Egyptian Kings is a group of people who call themselves Gustavo Marques (real name I guess), Ludwig Arthur Blair, Sebastian Dali the Third and Sir Ivan Schopenhauer (talk about pretentious!). The music is basically a mixture of space rock and Electronic Music of the Space variety.
The Skies (2012)
Melodic EM influenced by Jarre and Vangelis from the duo of Olivier Lamm and Stéphane Laporte. SH101, MC202, Korg 700s, Yamaha CS-15 etc etc...
See also: Laporte, Stéphane
A God With Horns (2015)
Ethereal soundscapes and gently moving waves of synths from JT Schweitzer.
Ehle, Robert C. (USA)
Space Music Flute (??)
Robert C. Ehle is a Colorado-based composer and Professor of Music. A large portion of his works has been performed by various symphonic and chamber orchestras across the States. A parallel route for him during many years has been playing solo EM, though. It seems that none of his electronic works became commercially available, but it has been broadcast by radio stations in some countries. He is also supposed to have released a few tapes privately.
Ehrlich, Tom (Germany)
Supposedly, unique World Music, with just piano and synths. There is at least one more album, titled Stars, which is supposedly piano-only (no synths).
Nocturnal, subterranean Dark Ambient worlds. Eidulon is Italian sound artist Francesco Gemelli.
Eilbacher, Max (USA)
Red Anxiety Tracers (2013)
Baltimore-based experimental musician. I included only one album so far - a collage of noises, drones, synthetic miniatures and that unmistakable Prog touch by means of cloudy mellotron injections. Further investigation is needed.
The first album contains drum machine experiments (Korg Rhythm 55). The second contains beautiful, melodic ambient sounds of analogue synthesizers and some rhythmic tracks.
Einstein In Eden (Germany)
Einstein In Eden (1982)
Bernhard Jobski performing with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra and 6 unnamed rock musicians. The music is, as should be expected, for the most part quite intense symphonic rock but with lots of electronics too and reportedly one distinctive Electronic Music sequence.
Before Giorgio Moroder became an icon of synth disco records and a renowned producer, he was flexing his experimental muscle with this album. Here, he presents quirky and uplifting electronic tracks that remind on La Dusseldorf, Neu! and other krautrock / motorik pioneers.
Experimenting with unlikely objects and electronics since the 1980's, Eisentanz is a long-running EBM / industrial project of Jean-Paul Horlacher. On Pulsate, a certain shift towards the ambient / EM side of things is felt. Cold, pulsing electronics. File under EM-related.
U A I (2016)
Experimental Ambient, sometimes reminding a bit on Centrozoon, having a similar mood, but with much more beeps & bleeps.
Ambient inspired by nordic nature from Alexander Kondratenko and Maxim Ivanets.
The Sound of the Thoughts (1990)
The project of Gerald Paetsch. Rather accessible EM somewhere between 80's Tangerine Dream and some of early 90's IC label stuff.
See also: Breitband
El, Bryan (Belgium)
Out of This World (2008)
Spiritual Evolution (2010)
Boundaries of Imagination (2012)
Influenced by Jarre and Vangelis, Bryan El composes rather accessible, melodic music with slight downtempo influences.
Electronic Division (1986)
The Wind of Sorrow (1989)
Polish group whose music brings to mind some Tangerine Dream.
El Sueño De Hyparco (Spain)
La Verdad Sobre Lope de Vega y Sus
Ambientes Hormonales (1989)
Musica Para Bosques Encantados (1990)
Dark Ambient project formed by Antonio Dyaz (aka Klaus Bohlmann) in 1988. Dyaz was born in Madrid in 1968. He has collaborated with the likes of Iury Lech and Suso Saiz. During the 1990 - 1995 period he was the head of EM label Hyades Arts. The project El Sueno De Hyparco was discontinued in 1998. It seems that there are two different releases titled "If".
See also: Dyaz, Antonio
Elaban, Andrew (USA)
Gentle, synthesizer-based Ambient from this Cincinnati-based artist.
Elder, John (Australia)
Electronic Music with environmetal and ethnic elements by this little known artist from Australia.
A Kraftwerk-clone type quartet of Jason Marcel Stinson, Gerald Donald, Alex Lugo and Dennis Richadson from Flint, Michigan, USA.
The Source of Sound (2000)
The Stuff of Life (2001)
Solid State Static (2001)
Open Mind Transfer (2001)
Human Dimension (2001)
Globa Strut (2002)
Blue Thing (2002)
Soul Spin (2004)
Most albums feature the line-up of Rob Knetsch, Paul Rijkens and Jaco Beudeker. Very analog.
See also: Novo Sibirsk, Beudeker/Knetsch, Yaffin, Rok, Knetsch.
Electric Circus (international)
Electric Circus (1976)
Live At the Quarter Latin (1979) (recorded in 1976)
A fusion ensemble put together by German guitarist Toto Blanke after the dissolution of his previous group Association PC. These albums were released by the first incartation of the group (Toto Blanke, Jasper van't Hof, Edward Vesala) that mixed jazz / fusion sensibilities with Heldon-like electronic rock. Later the line-up changed and the sound drifted towards generic, jazzier realms, with the group losing most of its experimental drive.
See also: Hof, Jasper van't, Blanke, Toto
Electric Diamond (USA)
Electric Diamond (??)
A Step Beyond (1993)
A trio of Stuart Diamond (lyricon), Karen Bentley (violin) and Don Slepian (synths). They perform a variety of classical pieces re-arranged for electronic instruments as well as original material. Mysterious, symphonic, Baroque, new agey atmospheric synths.
See also: Slepian, Don
Electric Golem, The (USA)
The Electric Golem (2010)
Sky Snails (2011)
Pulsating, experimental electronics from James Spitznagel and Trevor Pinch who mostly use analog synthesizers.
Electric Junk (UK)
Shores of Death (1983)
Cold Smoke (1983)
See also: Alto Stratus, Freeman, Alan, Biomechanoid, Endgame, Region 5, Vrije, Adhara, Scoprio.
Electric Music (Germany)
Electric Music (1998)
Electric Music is a project of Carl Bartos, formerly of Kraftwerk. The first album Esperanto was released as Elektric Music, but later the name of the project was altered slightly, adding 'c' instead of 'k'. Bartos tries to emulate the Kraftwerk sound here, and doesn't quite succeed, although there are a couple of good tracks in there. Kraftwerk fans will of course buy it and who can blame them? After all, this man once was a robot...
See also: Kraftwerk, Bartos, Carl.
Electric Omen (Norway)
Fortress of Solitude (2008)
Abandon All Hope (2009) (S)
Fog Circles / Ghost Clouds (2010) (S)
Dark drones, Doom Ambient.
Electric Orange (Germany)
Electric Orange (1993)
Orange Commutation (1994)
Cows Don't Dream At Night (1994)
Rote Sonne (1994)
Electric Mutation (1994)
Sessions Nebean (1994)
Rechnung Offen (1997)
Totales Brummen (2000)
Unterwasser - Live 2002 (2002)
9904 Weird Tapes (2006) (recorded in 1999 - 2004)
Electric Orange & Sula Bassana (2006) (with Sula Bassana)
Krautrock From Hell (2010)
Live At Roadburn 2012 (2013)
Volume 10 (2014)
Nein! HITS à Gogo - Golden Recordings (2015) (S)
Floyd-inspired modern electronic wall-of-sound music with soaring guitar. Some of their albums were released on Manikin label. Electric Orange was formed in 1992 by Dirk Jan Müller and his first line-up was with Frank Burkhardt and Marcus Burkhardt. Since then the band saw many line-up changes (Josef Ahns and Silvio Franolic were members at some stages), and currently it consists of Müller, Tom Rückwald, Georg Monheim and Dirk Bittner.
See also: Müller, Dirk Jan, Octopus's Garden.
Electric Sound Bath (USA)
Secular Luminality (2015)
New-agey drones with synths and singing bowls.
Electric Wind (USA)
In the Matrix (1988)
Not sure about this one. It is a private vinyl release from Corpus Christi, Texas, and the trio plays synths, guitar and some flute. It may be too new-agey but I am not certain of it.
This group was formed by Carlos Alvarado (synths) and Arturo Romo (guitar and instruments designed by Arturo Meza).
See also: Alvarado, Carlos
Chemin Initiatique (2012)
Melodic music with influences from Jarre and Vangelis from this synthesist.
1986 - 2012 (2012)
Melodic music with influences from 1980's TD and Jarre from Jean-Michel Maurin.
Electronic Art Ensemble (USA)
This formation consisted of Russel Dorwart (electronics), Stephen Horelick (synths, drum computers, processing), Gregory Kramer (synths, organ, voice, percussion) and Clive Smith (electric guitar, processing). Experimental EM with strange noises.
See also: Kramer, Gregory
Electronic Delusion (Germany)
Peter Frohmader's Tangerine Dream-inspired band from the early 1970's.
See also: Frohmader, Peter
Electronic Exposure (USA)
Artificial Life (1995)
A duo of Ed Cavalcanti and Carlos Alves. Ambient, loop-oriented.
Electronic Music Center (Germany)
Zentrum Fur Elektronische Musik (1996)
Pete Namlook's alter ego.
See also: Namlook, Pete
Electronic Revival (Poland)
Plus Minus (2012)
Electronic duo of Tomasz Florek and Marcin Chmara. They create a rhythmic mix of electronics and floating guitar (with downtempo influences). Beware the vocals.
Electronic Sound Project (Netherlands)
The Chernobyl Disaster (2016)
Electronic Sound Project (ESP) is Marc van Oers. The Chernobyl Disaster is a moody, cinematic ambient album with a strong neo-classical flair inspired by the 1986 tragic events.
Electronic System (Belgium)
Disco Machine (1977)
An early project of Dan Lacksman, who would later found Telex, a legendary electropop band. Most of Electronic System's output is extremely cheesy (consisting of covers like "Popcorn" and the like). However, this album here sees him combining disco beats with nice and rich synth sounds and there's even a spacey electronic number. Apparently, the 14-minute "Sky Lab" from Tchip-Tchip is interesting, too. If and what other albums of Electronic System should be included in the encylopedia is a subject of debate and further investigation.
Electronic Universe (Netherlands)
Secrets of Life (1994)
A project of electronic musician who would later become known as Ivo and Sven Hansen.
See also: Ivo, Hansen, Sven.
In A Covent Garden (1973)
Further Thoughts On the Classics (1975)
This band consisted of Brian Hodgson who would later proceed to form Wavemaker and Dudley Simpson. In A Covent Garden contains electronic interpretations of classical pieces by Handel, Debussy, Rimsky-Korsakov, Tschaikovsky, Mozart, Khachaturian and others.
See also: Wavemaker
Electronic Mind Waves (1976)
Electronic project from jazz composer and avant-gardist Andrea Centazzo. The music is stronly inspired by the German EM scene of the time (and it was released on the label that distributed all Kosmische Kuriere titles in Italy).
The Forest Ways (1998)
The Watcher (??)
Generation JMJ (2005)
The Second Equinoxe (2005)
Steve Pallas aka Elekronalin was born in 1977. He has been experimenting with synthesizers since 13 years old. Strangely enough, this artist has made a sequel to Jarre's original Equinoxe album from 1978. The music ranges from decent adaptations of classic sounds and melodies to complete rip-offs. Surprisingly, it's not as bad as it could have been.
See also: Pallas, Steve
Elektronische Maschine (Netherlands)
Tanzen mit Computer (1996)
The Key To Compute (2001)
Das Netz (2003)
Kampf Maschine (2010)
This trio of Richard de Boer, Jos Visser and Michael Malais was formed in 1994. They claim to be inspired by Kraftwerk, Koto, The Human League and a couple of others. The fragments that I've heard from their first couple of albums didn't do anything to me. But if you like Kraftwerk circa The Mix, check these guys out.
Elektronische Musik Aus Köln (Germany)
Elektronische Musik Aus Köln (1982)
Elektronische Musik Aus Köln Vol. 2 (1983)
Elektronische Musik Aus Köln Vol. 3 (1986)
Synthesizer Von Gestern (1990)
This electronic formation (Matthias Becker, Kurt Mill, Klaus Stuhlen and Michael Filz, also known as EMAK) is often compared to mid-period Kraftwerk. Indeed, it could be roughly placed within the Dusseldorf School idiom, although they have a lot of unique / wacky touches and traits typical of 1980's new wave / minimal synth.
See also: Camera Obscura
From Omega To Alpha (2005)
Meditative Ambient from Illinois-based artist Jeff Spitza.
Element 4 (Germany)
Elements of Trance (1995)
The Early Tracks (1996)
Live Summer '99 (1999)
Monotony In Motion (2010)
The second project of people from Brainwork. Energetic music, approaching the trance territory.
See also: Brainwork
Element Kuuda (Canada)
La Prairie - Loova (2004)
Le Village (2008)
Flight II (2011)
Polargraph (2012) (S)
Canadian artist Christian Richter who works in the fields of Ambient and Space Music.
See also: Soft Mirage
Lux Aeternae (1997)
Thee Divine Imagination (1999)
Elemental is Steven Stokes. He creates analog music which is definitely Berlin-School sounding but with a laid-back feel. Recommended.
See also: Stokes, Steven D.
Elemental Journey (UK)
Absolute Ambient.com Volume 2 (2005)
Ambient duo of Matt Coldrick and Matt Hillier (Ishq). Floating, ethereal, with even some hints of classic Pink Floyd in the more rhythmic sections.
See also: Ishq, Elve, Ishvara, Futurology, Yunomi.
Elemental Noise (France)
Abstract Knowledge (1999)
The Curved Light (2000)
Infra-Red Collision (2001)
The Book of the Dead (2002)
Formerly Elements of Noise. This project represents a more experimental facet of Jean-Luc Herve Berthelot's oeuvre.
See also: Tales, Jihel, Zreen Toyz.
Into the Dark Forest (1998)
Son of the Shades (2001)
From the Throne of Hate (2004)
Ritual / Medieval Ambient. For fans of Burzum and Mortiis' keyboard stuff.
Elias, Jonathan (USA)
Vamp (1986) (soundtrack)
Electronic soundtrack in melodic style, a bit reminescent of some 1980's Tangerine Dream scores.
L'Angelo dei Numeri (1990)
Electronic Music by Franco Nanni.
Quinte Sense (2002)
Ambient Electronic Music from Emmanuel D'hayere.
See also: Age
Extrema Percepcion Interna (1998)
The Psychedelic Trip of Medusa (1999)
The Purple Schizoid Fly (2000)
Fly Singles (2001)
Neurona De Menta (2006)
I've never heard the music of this project but it's supposed to be in the metronomic electronics vein, i.e. steady rhythms over which improvisations on e-guitar and keyboards are played (sort of inspired by early Kraftwerk, Cluster, Neu! and the like). It started as the solo project of Cristian Nunez but is now expanded to a quartet format.
Galactic Sequences (2006)
Live @ E-Day 2007 (2007)
EL-KA is the duo of Till Kopper and HaJo Liese. Classic Electronic Music.
See also: Kopper, Till, Tranzmutanz.
Halunder Suite (2007)
Joyn Scotland (2012)
Melodic music in the style of Guido Negraszus.
Elkinson, Ken (USA)
Music For Commuting (2011)
A three-CD set with ambient pieces from this New Jersey-born piano player.
Ellende (Netherlands / Japan)
A Little Suicide Book (2002)
No Concept Is Still A Concept (2002)
Compositions of Fluctuations of 2 Degrees Celsius (2002)
No Holiday Without A Funeral (2003)
Damaged Beyond Repair (2003)
Kut Met Peren (2003) (S)
No Talent For Living (2004)
The ABC of Drowning (2004)
Bitter Lemons (2004) (S)
Heroin (2004) (S)
Natto (2004) (S)
Heavy Metal Drones (2011)
Growing A Beard, Driving A Bike With A Naked Girl On Your Lap, Does Not Make You A Man (2011)
Tight soundscapes from Willem Bontjes.
Ellipse is Rob Demianiuk. This album was produced by Mark Jenkins. It describes nine cities of the world via music. The music is melodic and tuneful, mostly done with digital synths. Overall, I enjoyed it - it's a nice collection of tracks that are generally cliche-free (i.e. you won't find any balalaikas and "Red Army" choirs on "Moscow" or muslim prayers on "Istanbul") and sound very personal while not being very obtrusive. The tracks range in atmosphere and pace quite deliberately. "Berlin" is pretty laid-back and a tad sad, "New York" is a very urgent track, "Moscow" is also fast-paced, "Beijing" has lots of marimba-like sounds while "Tokyo" is relatively upbeat with again electronic marimbas and some piano injections, "Paris" is a nice piano solo track, "Istanbul" and "Detroit" are both relaxed mid-paced numbers. "London" is the best track on the entire album - a great atmosphric number with some nice tubular bell sounds. Overall, if you enjoy accessible, direct (not primitive, of course) and melodic music or are a fan of, say, the 1987 - 1990 period Tangerine Dream - I recommend that you buy this album!
Ellis, John (UK)
Hit Man (1980) (S)
Shock of Contact (1996)
In Rhodt (1998) (recorded in 1989)
Das Geheimnis des Golem (1999) (recorded in 1991)
Destination Everywhere (1999) (recorded in 1995)
Our Internal Monologue (1999) (recorded in 1995)
Wabi-Sabi 21© (2009)
John Ellis is a guitarist and founding member of punk rock group The Vibrators. Over the years, he's worked with many musicians and artists, including Peter Hammill, Peter Gabriel and The Stranglers. During the 1980's, he started composing solo Electronic Music for exhibitions.
Ellis, Paul (USA)
When I Look Up (??)
Secret Fire (1991)
Mysterious Sketches (1999)
Appeares To Vanish (2000)
Into the Liquid Unknown (2001)
The Sacred Ordinary (2004)
Echo System (2004) (with Craig Padilla)
Silent Conversations (2005)
Infinity Room (2006)
The Last Hiding Place of Beauty (2009)
From Out of the Vast Comes Nearness (2011)
I Am Here (2012)
Moth In Flames (2015)
Paul Ellis was born on October 10, 1961. Around 1977 he discovered European Electronic Music but at the time synthesizers were out of reach for him financially. By the mid-80's, synths became cheaper and available in most stores, so after playing classical, jazz and rock instruments for several years, Paul finally got the opportunity to make music he wanted to make. He added multitracking to his studio and sold his guitars. Several cassette releases followed as well as formation with Jeff Vasey of an outfit called Tribal Machine (a name that would later be changed to Foundation and then Dweller At the Threshold). Since then Paul has been releasing music with DATT as well as in solo format. He has collaborated with Steve Roach, John Duval and other luminaries of the American EM scene. Both The Sacred Ordinary and Echo System feature strong compositions with intricate sequences and improvised nature. Some tracks are atmospheric, mysterious and cosmic, some rhythmic. There is a certain "American" flair to Paul's work, which at places can be compared to the more rhythmic output of Steve Roach or even Robert Rich (circa Gaudi). Paul uses digital synthesizers to great effect, which, combined with lovely analog timbres, make up for a rich, involving and invigorating sound. Paul Ellis is also known for his contibutions to Beyond Me sampler and as the guest player on Steve Roach's Life Sequence. Recommended. My reviews of Paul Ellis' music: The Sacred Ordinary, Echo System, Silent Conversations.
See also: Dweller At the Threshold, Tribal Machine.
Elms, Ian (UK)
Good Night (1982)
A minimal synth / Electronic Music hybrid from the early 1980's. The album is quite rare and there are vocals on some tracks. However, the instrumental numbers (the majority of them are) create some nice atmospheres.
Microprocessor 8080A (1980)
Flashlight / African Fascination (1990)
See also: Larson, Claude, Netzle, Klaus, Futura, Carlos, Power-Pack, Logo 2000.
Silent Cries And Mighty Echoes
Codename Wildgeese (1984) (soundtrack)
Silent Cries... is Eloy's 7th album and the music sounds a bit like like Floyd's Wish You Were Here (although generally much more enegetic and with badly accented vocals) with sometimes a touch of Tangerine Dream! Overall, a more or less standard symphonic / space rock fair, with some unique touches. Planets from 1981 has a completely electronic track ("Introduction"). The 1984 soundtrack is presumably electronic as well.
See also: Ego On the Rocks, Folberth, Hannes, Wieczorke, Manfred, Schmidtchen, Detlev.
Colour of the Past (2014)
This musician (real name - Tom Stäle Engebretsen) states to be influenced by Tangerine Dream and Vangelis mostly. Colour of the Past is a nice mixture of atmospheric and rhythmic tracks with good sequencing and melodic content. Tralfamadore was released under the "Elrox Ambient Session" moniker and, subsequently, is more ambient and atmospheric.
The Most Beautiful Blue (2008)
Through Horizon (2013)
Patrick Benolkin aka Eluder is an American ambient artist. He has some other releases, apart from the listed two, available as lossless downloads.
Infinite Garden (2006)
Matt Hillier's (Ishq) alter ego. Ambient.
See also: Ishq, Elemental Journey, Ishvara, Futurology, Yunomi.
Krysztalowa Pomarancza (2003)
Electronically Tested (2003)
Polowy w Morzu Szumow (2004)
Moozg Elektronowy (2005)
Esse Conceptus (2006)
Otchlan Gwiazd (2007)
Breathing Ether (2010)
El_vis is Polish synthesist (and radio host!) Piotr Lenart. He can be described as a one-man Polish Kraftwerk. The music is strictly electronic, with sharp rhythms and cool synthetic textures. Perhaps, this is what Kraftwerk would sound like in the 90's and beyond, hadn't they adopted a more dance-oriented approach. The roots in Kraftwerk sound are actually very strong here, Piotr even uses some sparse (processed) spoken vocals (ala Kraftwerk, only in Polish). Every track screams "Dusseldorf School" and if you like this kind of stuff, this is highly recommended.
First Light (2007)
Found Noises And Sonic Detritus (2010)
A synthesizer ensemble of Rutger Holst, David Gerard and Paul Christensen. They use lots of analogue instruments and the music is rather minimal, sparse and at times spacey.
See also: Gerard, David
Greater Than Zero Less Than One (1998)
All the Stars Burning Bright (2001)
Dark Ambient by Michael Bentley (the founder of the Foundry label - no pun intended). Recommended.
See also: Mollusk, Apiary, The, Rhomb.
The Hermit's Sanctuary (2013)
E-Mantra is Emmanuel Carpus - a goa trance / downtempo producer from Romania. The above album contains two purely ambient (i.e., no downtempo beats) tracks - "Howls From the Deep" and "Lonely Sorrow". He tends to use long stretches of beatless, ambient sound in a lot of his compositions (long intros, outtros, etc.), but the above album is probably his most EM-related work to date. If you like it, you may want to check out his other stuff as well.
Another Day, Another World (2013)
Dutch artist named Marc Bras who makes music in melodic, rhythmic and sequential synth style. See my review of Dreamworld in the reviews section.
Emerald Eye (UK)
One of the more obscure Jim Kirkwood pseudonyms.
See also: Kirkwood, Jim, Lucifaere, Ancient Technology Cult, Section 37, Violence In Eden.
Emerald Web (USA)
Dragon Wings And Wizard Tales
Whispered Visions (1980)
Sound Trek (1980)
Valley of the Birds (1981)
Love Unfolding (1983)
Lights of the Ivory Plains (1984)
Manatee Dreams of Neptune (1990)
Sanctus Spiritus (2013) (recorded in ??)
Emerald Web was a synth / flute duo of husband and wife Bob Stohl and Kat Epple. Emerald Web's musical career started in the late 1970's when they gained some fame for combining reflective flute playing with synthesizers and ended when Bob Stohl accidentally drowned in 1990. Early albums may well be quite interesting. Jonn Serrie appears on Whispered Visions.
Bullshit Boring Drone Band (2006)
Dirt Weed Diaries Vol. 1 (2006) (S)
Laying Under Leaves (2006)
Ursa Major (2006)
Annihilating Beers Lumberjack Style (2006)
No More Spirits Over the Lake (2006)
A Real Clean Gang (2007)
A Row of Exposed Columns (2007) (S)
Allegory of Allergies (2007)
Dirt Weed Diaries Vol. 2 (2007) (S)
Emeralds (2007) (S)
Grass Ceiling (2007)
Queen of Burbank Vol. 2 (2007) (S)
Servant (2007) (S)
Smoke Signals (2007) (S)
Planetarium (2008) (S)
Solar Bridge (2008) (S)
Under Pressure (2008) (with Dilloway)
The Overlook (2009)
What Happened (2009)
Candy Shoppe / The Cycle of Abuse (2010) (S)
Does It Look Like I'm Here? (2010)
Lake Effect Snow / Science Center (2010) (S)
Shade / August (2010) (S)
In Love / Summerdata (2010) (S)
Just To Feel Anything (2012)
Emeralds was a Cleveland, Ohio based group of John Elliott, Steve Hauschildt and Mark McGuire. They played improvised Drone Ambient using analogue synthesizers and electric guitars. The above discography does not include split releases. All members of Emeralds have also released numerous solo albums.
See also: Hauschildt, Steve, McGuire, Mark, Outer Space, Imaginary Softwoods.
Relativity (2003) (EP)
Evaluation (2004) (S)
Cycle (2004) (S)
Reeligible Redeye (2009) (S)
Retentive Disrupt (2009) (S)
Contrition (2011) (S)
Angle (2011) (S)
Canvas - Live (2011) (S)
Declension (2012) (S)
Elektronische Improvisationen Fur den Dienstgebrauch (2012) (with Elektrojudas)
Live At Avantgarde Festival (2012) (with Don Vomp)
Desecrate (2013) (S)
Excrete 1 (2013)
Excrete 2 (2013)
Excrete 3 (2013)
Excrete 4 (2013)
Excrete 5 (2013)
Sustained Bending (2013) (S) (with Gerald Fiebig)
Oneirism (2013) (S)
Live At Lab.30 (2013)
Convection (2014) (with Re-Drum, Elektrojudas and Gerald Fiebig)
Craft (2014) (with Holzkopf)
Progression (2014) (S)
Anticipated (2014) (S)
Post-Industrial (2014) (with Gerald Fiebig)
Terra Incognita (2014)
Cohesion (2014) (S)
Minuscule 1 (2014) (S)
Minuscule 2 (2014) (S)
Minuscule 3 (2014) (S)
Staub (2015) (S)
Distant Glow (2015) (with Unii)
Untitled (2015) (with Kirchheim, N(S)N and Poembeat)
14 x (2b + 4a + 4b) (2015) (with Gerald Fiebig)
Teamed Up Live @ K 15 In Augsburg (2016) (S) (with Orifice and Das Rheintaler Nachtwerk)
Deep / Drone Ambient by Sascha Stadlmeier. Low rumbles with a subterranean atmosphere.
Emmanuel, J.D. (USA)
Sound Paintings (1980)
Visions of Life (1981)
Rain Forest Music / Ocean Music (1981)
Rain Forest Music (1981)
Ancient Minimal Meditations (1985)
East Texas Rain Forest Music (1995)
Solid Dawn - Electronic Works 1979 - 1982 (2009)
Peaceful Kingdom Concert 1982 (2012)
Echoes From Ancient Caves (2012) (recorded in 1980 - 1981)
Into Separate Realities (2013)
Time Traveler (2013)
Electronic Minimal Music (2016) (recorded in 1979 - 1983)
James Daniel Emmanuel is a sound artist from Texas who has released several cassettes, LP's and CD's since the early 1980's. His music is likened to that of Terry Riley and Philip Glass - with minimal and highly repetitive electric organ pulses and a strong influence of Ambient. In his early career, J.D. Emmanuel used only analog instruments and tape echoes. Later on, he also made extensive use of digital technology. There's a lot of confusion concerning his discography, as some of his tracks appeared in different versions on several releases, with James slightly remixing things, adding sounds and so on for each subsequent release. There are also numerous unreleased recordings, some of which can be downloaded from his website, including a live bootleg recording from 1982.
Emmens, Gert (Netherlands)
Wanderer of Time (2003)
Obscure Movements In Twilight Shades (2003)
Live - A Long Way From Home (2003)
Return To the Origin (2004) (with Ruud Heij)
Waves of Dreams (2004)
When Darkness Falls Upon the Earth (2005)
Blind Watchers of A Vanishing Night (2005) (with Ruud Heij)
Tale of the Warlock (2006)
Journey (2007) (with Ruud Heij)
A Boy's World (2007)
The Nearest Faraway Place Vol. 1 (2008)
Silent Witnesses of Industrial Landscapes (2008) (with Ruud Heij)
The Nearest Faraway Place Vol. 2 (2009)
The Nearest Faraway Place Vol. 3 (2010)
Life In Cosmic Highway (2011) (with Cadenced Haven)
Legacy (2011) (with Free System Projekt)
Sculpture Garden (2011) (with Ruud Heij)
An Artist's Stroke (2012)
Mystic Dawn (2012) (with Cadenced Haven)
Lost In the Swamp (2012) (with Ruud Heij)
The Day After (2013)
Signs (2014) (with Ruud Heij)
Echoes From Future Memories (2015) (with Ruud Heij)
The Last Alien (2016)
Gert Emmens started making Electronic Music in the early 80's. After that he worked in the group format and had several releases in the pop music field. In the 90's he re-discovered Electronic Music and released a track (recorded in 1996) on the EM sampler Movements (1997), which followed the success of this track at the Alfa Centauri song contest. Later a remixed version of this song found its way onto the first purely electronic album by Gert Emmens called Elektra. The album itself is a good slice of Neo-Berlin School electronics. It has some extremely cool atmospheric moments and rhythmic passages that really get your feet tapping. The sequencing is simply superb, especially in the second part of "Elektra Part 2". Overall, a very satisfying album, although it differs a bit from subsequent works. Asteroids expands the Berlin School formula even further. This one is a tad more retro sounding but at the same time it's absolutely cool modern electronic album. Each song is sequencer-based and has multiple themes. No weak tracks here, just pure cosmic analog HEAVEN! Wonderful stuff, indead. Wanderer of Time follows in similar direction, although here Gert adds on a couple of tracks gorgeous CS-80-like "harmonica" leads (actually played on an Elka Solist 505!) similar to those used by Vangelis on Spiral. Again, we have simply superb compositions and great orchestartions. Any analog / Berlin School / sequencer fan will drool over this album. Obscure Movements... is again in trademark Gert Emmens style, featuring lots of sequences, atmospheres, rhythms, melodies and lovely mellotron sounds. The great "CS-80" solos also found their way onto this album. This time the music is generally more laid-back and lacks the frenetic moments of Asteroids or Wanderer... but is no less satisfying. The atmosphere is more dark and brooding here, perfectly reflecting the album's theme. The sequences are often slow and even a bit menacing. This is great music. Gert is really a unique artist who sometimes comes dangerously close to copying the old Tangerine Dream / Schulze sound (when he uses lots of mellotron sounds, although even these moments are done very well) and at other times sounds totally original, still staying within the "traditional" EM paradigm. His sequences are always involving. Sometimes they're simple (but no less effective), sometimes very complex (when he layers several sequencer tracks on top of each other). And he is also a *true* synthesist in that I hear sounds in his music that I haven't heard used by anyone else. Check out his music, it's great!
Emond, Redjy (Canada)
Redjy Emond is a synthesist and keyboard player from Montreal with progressive and classical influences. He began his career in 1992, doing mostly progressive rock covers. Over the years, he's gained a fame of a skillful arranger and that kept him busy for a few years. However, he did find the time to experiment in his studio and to record a couple of solo albums with original music.
Infinite Motion (2003)
A Dream Within A Dream (2004)
Hypnotic Sequences (2006)
Drifting Loops (2008)
Time Is A Dimension We Can Bend (2013)
Lost Tracks (2013)
E=Motion was the solo project of synthesist Jacek Spruch (1976 - 2013). Rhythmic sequencer-based music.
See also: ESP
Escape From the Daily Routine (1993)
The Worst of EMPI (2000)
Rainbow of the Universe (2002)
EMPI is Polish synthesist Marek Piwowarczyk who makes melodic EM.
Krautrock / folk duo of Dolly Holmes and Maik Hirschfeldt with a rich sound based on vocals, accompanied by keyboards and guitars. This is their second album whose crowning jewel, the 11+ minute "Touch the Sun" certainly brings to mind some early Tangerine Dream in a bright, sun-drenched mode crossed with Renaissance-like Baroque orchestrations. File under EM-related.
E-Musikgruppe Lux Ohr (Finland)
Live At Sibelius Museum (2010)
Der Planet der Melancholie (2014) (S)
Live At Roadburn 2014 (2016)
Turku-based electronic quartet influenced by krautrock and German EM classics.
See also: Grönholm, Pertti
En Halvkokt I Folie (Sweden)
Inom Ett År (1983)
Skjuter Fram Hakan (1984)
Senator De Luxe (1985)
Return To Honta (1986)
The Totally Out Music of En Halvkokt I Folie (1992)
Statsanslag Till Jägarnas Riksförbund M.M. (2004) (S)
Banan, Ann And I At Rydbergs (2010)
Spacey experimental electronic sounds and absolutely unpredictable stuff that shifts from mood to mood. The Totally Out... is one of the early Cold Meat Industry releases. En Halvkokt I Folie was founded in 1982 by Lars Larsson.
En Nihil (USA)
Death Keeps (1997)
Adam Fritz's diverse musical project. It's mostly in industrial / cut-up collage / noise / tribal mould. I guess Death Keeps is his most Dark Ambient release and it's easily a classic. Pure dark ambience in the vein of Lustmord, & even darker.
The View Beneath (2000)
Winter's End (2001)
Mers De Sommeil (2004)
Transit Bed (2007)
Bathed In Sunlight (2008)
Malpais (2010) (S)
Fear of Wind Or Vertigo (??) (EP)
Bleak soundscapes, initially performed by Ross Hagen, Nick Paul and Samantha Balsam (Colorado, USA). Nowadays the project seems to have been reduced to a solo work by Hagen.
Stretched Across the Sea (1999)
Early Stasis (1999)
Surreal Ethereal (1999)
Cryptic Triptych (2000)
Live Vol. I (2001)
Live Vol. II (2001)
Live Vol. III (2001)
Live Vol. IV (2001)
Live Vol. V (2001)
Live Vol. VI (2002)
Live Vol. VII (2002)
Live Vol. VIII (2002)
Live Vol. IX (2002)
Ich Bin Schizophrene (2002) (recorded in 1999 - 2000)
Toxic - Do Not Open! (2003)
Endangered Species (2003)
Engaging Providence (2003)
Live Vol. X (2004)
A Witness To Madness (2005)
B C N U (2005)
Alles Uber Schizophrene? (2005) (recorded in 2001 - 2005)
Petri Perplex (2006) (recorded in 1999)
A Faustian Farmyard (2006) (recorded in 2000)
Surrealism Is A State of Mind (2007)
Gravity Well (2008) (recorded in 2003)
Just Curious (2010) (recorded in 2004)
Amplos (2010) (recorded in 2004)
Beyond the Rim (2011)
Which Way Are We Going Today? (2013)
Tremors (2014) (recorded in 2001 - 2002)
Freeman brothers of Audion magazine fame and Jim Tetlow. Dark and experimental synthetic music.
See also: Eruption, Freeman, Alan, Biomechanoid, Alto Stratus, Tetlow, Jim, Vrije, Adhara, Electric Junk.
Endless Void (Italy)
Anthems From the Subconscious (2003) (S)
Ambient music from member of several black metal acts. Not very dark most of the time, ranging from reflective to cosmic to slightly brooding.
End Or Fine (2008)
Diverse musical project consisting of Adam Bórkowski, Krzysztof Kurkowski, Piotr Skrzypczyk and Tomasz Szymański. Rather mainstream rhythmic / melodic EM sound here that will appeal to a wide audience I think. A strong downtempo / World Music vibe in places, sometimes reminding on Deep Forest, at other times closer to "normal" EM.
See also: Nerious
The Great God Pan (1993)
Dreams of Dark Waters (1994)
Urania's Children (1994)
The Dark Is Light Enough (1995)
Liber Leviathan (1995)
Dark Projections From An Ancient Nature (1995)
Black Eden (1996)
Ard Inn Ar (1996)
The Watcher (1998)
Elder Signs (1999)
Great Pan Is Dead (2001) (S)
If you are ready to get seduced by the dark side of the Force, then this is definitely your choice. Endura are Christopher Walton and Stephen Pennick. They create dark, desparate music with no-way-out ambiences. Sometimes their dark soundscapes are spiced up by epic sounding orchestral tracks, all done superbly. If you are a fan of easy-listening, melodic music - stay away from it. If you like happy optimistic moods - stay away from it. If really strong dark music is your thing - get this one. If you are simply tired of 'easy-listening' styles and feel like falling into the depths of Hades - get this one as well. Great Dark Ambient music, one of the best in the genre. Gets my highest recommendation, but all of you with a weak heart and all of you who are afraid of the dark, who tremble in fear at the face of nightmares - don't ever touch this. Otherwise, if you're adventurous enough of a listener - give it a try. And remember - darkness can be mellow, too.
See also: Ontario Blue, TenHornedBeast.
City of Signals (2016)
A project of Canadian-born Joshua Stefane, currently residing in Japan. Flowing, melancholic synth soundscapes, reflecting the sense of loneliness people often experience in modern crowded cities.
Enemy From Space (USA)
Enemy From Space (1996) (S)
The Condition of Music (2003)
Kelly Shane, former drummer with Naked Elf and Solution Science Systems, creates cosmic, abstract, often dark electronic compositions. The later albums (not listed) are all download-only releases.
Enescu, Adrian (Romania)
Funky Synthesizer Volume 1 (1982)
Dance Funky Synthesizer Volume 2 (1984)
Adrian Enescu was a pioneer of synthesizers in his native country in the 1970's and 1980's. These two albums are not the most progressive thing you will ever hear for sure. In fact, their titles pretty much sum up what's happening here - easy-listening, rhythmic electronic music with synths and augmented by orchestra here and there. However, and quite surprisingly, there are also some genuine progressive moments like the title track off the first volume for example, which is (despite its title) mostly prog EM in a unique, inventive, jazzy style. The second volume has many features that likens it to the spacesynth scene that was to emerge a couple of years later, mostly in Holland. In fact, it often sounds like proto-spacesynth with funky vibes. Curious for what they are, both albums are essentially a warped version of muzak and can be considered EM-related works at best.
Engström, David (Sweden)
Kärlekens Ansikten (2013)
As a child, David Engström was influenced by the music of Ralph Lundsten and other electronic pioneers. He then started to make his own music during his teen years. Another artist that had an influence was well-known flutist and multi-instrumentalist Björn J:son Lindh. David's own music is ambient and rhythmic, with a good melodic sensibility.
Enid, The (UK)
Touch Me (1979)
The Spell (1984)
This band, led by Robert John Godfrey, starting from mid-70's, played a kind of instrumental progrock with a very strong classical influence. In fact, the orchestrations were so rich, that sometimes it sounded like a full orchestra. There are many trends covered by this band, from the delicate and romantic to complete full-blown Wagnerian bombast. The Enid released quite a few albums but the above two will be of interest to EM fans. Touch Me includes at least two curiosities. One of them is "Albion Fair" whose intro is pure EM and very good too! The second one is a bonus track that was added for the CD release of Touch Me. It's a solo piece by Godfrey. The music is very unique and electronic. Sometimes it reminded me of the abstract pieces off Vangelis' Soil Festivities album, with excellent electric piano runs. Also a touch of Schulze's "Moogetique" can be spotted but overall it's totally unique and very cosmic in a different way. The classical influence in still very strong in this track. The Spell at times sounds like a romantic Vangelis.
See also: Godfrey, Robert John
Sea of Black (2015)
Cinematic Dark Ambient with ritual (voices, throat singing, etc.) and classical elements from Sergio Fulvio Tommasini.
One long droning ambient track from Denis Shapovalov aka Sunchariot.
See also: Adriva, Sunchariot.
Eno, Brian (UK)
Here Come the Warm Jets (1973)
No Pussyfooting (1973) (with Robert Fripp)
Taking Tiger Mountain By Strategy (1974)
Evening Star (1975) (with Robert Fripp)
Another Green World (1975)
Discreet Music (1975)
Before And After Science (1977)
Cluster & Eno (1977) (with Hans-Joachim Roedelius and Dieter Moebius)
Music For Films (1978)
Music For Airports (1978)
After the Heat (1978) (with Hans-Joachim Roedelius and Dieter Moebius)
In A Land of Clear Colors (1979) (with Robert Sheckley)
Plateaux of Mirrors (1980) (with Harold Budd)
Day of Radiance (1980) (with Laraaji)
Possible Musics (1980) (with Jon Hassell)
My Life In the Bush of Ghosts (1981) (with David Byrne)
On Land (1982)
Music For Films Vol. 2 (1983)
Pearl (1984) (with Harold Budd and Daniel Lanois)
Thursday Afternoon (1985)
Glint (1986) (S)
Music For Films Vol. 3 (1988)
Wrong Way Up (1990) (with John Cale)
The Shutov Assembly (1992)
Nerve Net (1992)
In A Land of Clear Colours (1993) (with Sinfield)
Spinner (1995) (with Jan Wobble)
Wah Wah (1995) (with James)
The Drop (1997)
Lightness: Music For the Marble Palace (1998)
I Dormienti (1999)
Kite Stories (1999)
The Equtorial Stars (2000) (with Robert Fripp)
Music For Civic Recovery Centre (2000)
Compact Forest Proposal (2001)
Drawn From Life (2001) (with J. Peter Schwalm)
January 07003 (2003)
More Music For Films (2005)
Another Day On Earth (2005)
77 Million - An Audio Visual Installation (2006)
Beyond Even (2007) (recorded in 1992 - 2006) (with Robert Fripp)
Small Craft On A Milk Sea (2010)
Drums Between the Bells (2011)
Someday World (2014) (with Karl Hyde)
Live In Paris 28.05.1975 (2014) (with Robert Fripp)
High Life (2014) (with Karl Hyde)
Smart (2015) (with New Composers)
The Ship (2016)
Some people say Eno is all about Ambient. Some say Eno is all about art rock. Some say he is all about glam rock or rock ballads. So, who's right? Well, all of them. Eno is, indeed, a true chameleon, but everything he does is of a very high class. Even his Windows 98 theme is a little cute piece of art. Now some people probably don't know it, but Eno started as a rock musician. He was a member of Roxy Music and is featured on their first two albums (Roxy Music and For Your Pleasure). He also collaborated with original Roxy Music guitarist Phil Manzanera under the group name of '801'. Five pieces on 801's album Live 1976 were written by Eno and one piece was also written by Eno and co-written by Manzanera. His own early releases represent a unique brand of art rock. There are vocals and all the usual stuff, done superbly, but, as I'm not an expert in rock music I'll leave this for rock connoiseurs to judge. At least so far I've heard only positive reactions. Ok, on to the Ambient stuff. Brian is credited with coining the term 'ambient music'. His first pure Ambient recording is Discreet Music. From the earlier stuff also of note is his collaborative efforts with Robert Fripp, No Pussyfooting and Evening Star. Both albums represent the crazy experimentalism of both, with Eno providing the often harsh and static (on No Pussyfooting) electronic backdrop and Fripp utilising for the first time his 'Frippertronics' technique which was relying largely on tape echo and looping methods. Thus he could create endless undulating guitar patterns and long-sustained sounds. Of the two, Evening Star is more tranquil in nature, and the overall presence of Fripp is less perceptible here. Brian says that ambient music is as indifferent and unconcerned as it is interesting. And that may give an indication as to what his Ambient works sound like. Music For Airports is the first release in his 'ambient' series and while I can easily see the 'indifferent' side of this music, I cannot seem to notice the 'interesting' one. The music is certainly soothing, it was intended to be used to calm down the passengers before flights. But there's nothing going on and basically, if you've heard forty seconds of each track, you've heard it all. The musical development is certainly not the order of the day. I found it really difficult to concentrate on the music, but that's, of couse, a matter of personal taste. For me it turned out to be a perfect late night listening. Maybe because it works better than any sleeping pills? By the way, whether it was created for close listening or just as a background is debatable, albeit I personally tend to think the latter is correct. Anyway, don't forget about the 'two sides' of ambient music that Brian was talking about. Maybe you will like this stuff more than I did. Then again, maybe not. My Life In the Bush of Ghosts created together with David Byrne contains experiments using sampling technology, and Thursday Afternoon is probably the most minimal of his works. Again, nothing seems to be happening during the length of the entire disc.
Notes 6.04.03: I should mention the healing qualities of Brian's music. Yesterday I felt sick. (I had a slight intoxication, I think) After taking some medicine, I climbed in bed and laid on my stomach with Music For Airports playing as background. As I was laying there, I felt the positive vibrations emanating from the speakers, that went through my bed and my body (however wishy-washy it may sound). As my bed vibrated too, so did my body and I immediately felt better! So, cudos to Brian for inventing real healing music. Meanwhile, the healing qualities of music are yet to be explored. For instance, I've heard that Tangerine Dream's Tangram is able to heal headache.
Eno, Roger (UK)
Between Tides (1987)
The Familiar (1992) (with Kate St. John)
In A Room (1993)
Classical Music For Those With No Memory (1994)
Lost In Translation (1994)
Islands (1995) (with Laaraji)
The Nightgarden (1996)
Music of Neglected English Composers (1997)
The Flatlands (1998)
The Appointed Hour (1999) (with Peter Hammill)
The Long Walk (2000)
Getting Warmer (2002)
At Lincoln Cathedral (2005)
Endless City / Concrete Garden (2013) (with Plumbline)
Like his elder brother, Roger Eno (b. 1959) is an Ambient composer, albeit more leaning towards neo-classical structures. Roger also can be heard playing on Brian's Apollo. I guess that was the starting point of his career.
Enocksson, Erik (Sweden)
Man Tänker Sitt (2009)
Diverse Stockholm-based musician specializing in Scandinavian folk, soundtracks and experimental pieces. This album is supposedly (rather gloomy) Ambient.
See also: Body Sculptures
This album was released by Cue Records. E-Norm is Ulrich Gladenbeck.
Enten Hitti (Italy)
Giant Clowns of the Solar World
La Solitudine del Sole (2011)
Fino alla Fine della Notte (2014)
Dark Ambient. I haven't heard it, but it's supposed to be quite good. The first album was released on the Amplexus sublabel Aqua. This project was born in 1990 with the aim to create Electronic Music with ritual influences. The members are Pierangelo Pandiscia and Gino Ape.
Phase One (1994)
Phase Two (1998)
Solar Promenades (2003)
The first couple of albums are with Fred Becker and Jeff Filbert. Solar Promenades is a collaboration of Becker with David Wright, Dean de Benedictis and John Dimitru. Melodic Space Music with sequences.
See also: Becker, Fred
Entity One (2006)
Entity Two (2006)
Live At Guerilla Zoo (2007)
Entity 4 (2008)
John Sherwood and Steve Munslow.
See also: Sherwood, John, 4m33s, HyperEx Machina, Ambient Ashand, Cult of Ashand.
The Pond (1983)
Adrian Marcator (also known for his "Trance" project and solo albums) and Holger Mummert. The first album is acoustic guitar with synth embellishments and sometimes drum machine rhythms. It is 80% acoustic and 20% electronic. The second I know nothing about at the moment.
See also: Marcator, Adrian, Trance.
Opening of the Dawn (2009)
Painted Valley of the Mineral Monks (2010)
Holographic Headdress (2013)
Solo project of Norman Fetter. Drawn out organ tones and synths.
See also: Tathagatta, Niagara Falls.
Abyssal Siege (2006)
The Sixth And Seventh Key (2006)
Delving Glacial (2006)
Black Bile (2007) (S)
Beholder (2007) (S)
Chariots (2007) (S)
Weighted Ghost (2007) (S)
Divine Intervention (2008) (S)
Initiation Into Nothingness (2009) (with Hive Mind)
The Helix (2009)
Arclight (2009) (S)
The Reservoir (2009) (S)
Bound Dominions (2011)
Visions (2011) (S)
Tunguska Event (2014) (with Jarl)
Sinister Dark Ambient from David Reed out of Ohio, USA.
Astral Light (2002) (S)
Fragile Dreams (2004)
Nothing Is Forever (2004)
Secret Land (2010)
Diverse, mostly melodic and atmospheric Electronic Music from this project (Mikhail and Vladimir Kalmykov) out of Stavropol, Russia.
Ephemeral Green (Canada)
Experimental / Ambient project of Mark Connors with a strong prog / psych vibe.
Entering Ephi's Dimension (2013)
Curious and difficult-to-classify electronic project from Russia that combines medieval ambience, pure Space Music, some baroque stylings and even some Berlin School sequences / arpeggios.
Earthly Paradise (1977)
German symphonic rock band with a female vocalist. Epidaurus were Christiane Wand (vocals), Heinz Kunert (bass, percussion), Volker Oehmig (organ, mellotron, piano), Gerd Linke (organ, mellotron, piano, synthesizers), Günter Henne (keyboards) and Manfred Struck (drums, percussion). This album includes an instrumental electronic track - the excellent "Mitternachtstraum".
Dutch Ambient composer Erik Teljeur who started with EM circa 1993. At that time, he didn't have any practical knowledge of music, he just got himself a few synths and began experimenting. Little by little he found his own niche and his own voice in the world of ambient EM.
Epping, John (Austria)
Dream Flow (1984)
Testimony To the Past Vol. 1 (1987)
Nice And Gentle (1987)
Testimony To the Past Vol. 2 (1987)
Aka Walt Rockman. Electronic library records.
See also: Rockman, Walt
Eppler, Stephan (Germany)
Colors of Liberty (1998)
Very melodic and symphonic stuff with piano.
Synthesizer Trek (1980)
I don't know who is behind this obscure formation but the LP includes mostly electronic cover versions of well-known film themes ("Star Wars", "The Black Hole", etc.) plus an original composition.
Epsilon Eridani (Mexico)
Dark / Drone Ambient with a Black Space slant. Epsilon Eridani is Juan Pablo Valle who, apart from the featured release, has many download-only albums.
Epsilon Indi (Italy)
A Distant Return (1992)
The Stolen Silence (1994)
Gaundri Music (1997)
Crystal Soup (1999)
Empireum Quadro 1 (1994)
Polish electronic duo of Andrzej Wolski and Mariusz Kozak. Melodic music.
Equestrian Vortex, The (UK)
Newcastle Upon Tyne-based project influenced by vintage horror scores, so you can probably say it's a "horror synth" project. However, the sound is much more minimal than your typical horror synth fare. Sounds more like a mixture of minimal synth, EM and some techno influences to me, with something of a sinister vibe.
The Circle of Agurak (1993)
The Great Lands of Minas Ithil (1993)
Exhibit Two (2001)
Medieval Ambient from former member of black metal band Absu, whose real name is Raymond Dillard Heflin. After 2000, the guy resurfaced as an EBM / electro producer influenced by Kraftwerk.
Erbe, Stefan (Germany)
The Cosmic Dreamland (1994)
Light of Sirius (1994)
Digital Entrance (1995)
United (1998) (recorded in 1988 - 1998)
Worlds Away (2002)
Particular X (2003)
Speed of Life (2008)
Club Genetica (2008)
Inside the Images (2009)
Sound of Sky Vol. 1 (2011)
The Sounds of My Comfort'sone (2012)
Synfonie Transversale - Sound of Sky Vol. 2 (2012)
S-thetic² (2015) (with Steve Baltes)
2Club Genetica (2015)
Selectronique Debussy (2016)
Stefan Erbe was born in Hagen, Germany, in 1968. He first tried his hand on a synthesizer when he was 12 years old (that would be 1980). The "try" was not successful but during the 1980's (after attending music school for several years) he got back to synthesizers and bought himself a Korg Polysix. From then on, he learned the basics of sound synthesis and composition and little by little accumulated enough material for an album release, which came about in the early 1990's. Stefan's style can be described as energetic Electronic Music, close to New Berlin School.
Erdmann, Helmut W. & Burow, Heinz W. (Germany)
Imaginations I (??)
A way obscure item. Helmut Erdmann plays various flutes and Heinz Burow takes care of keyboards. The year of release is unknown but it's supposedly from 1980 or something like that. Not sure about the musical style either, might be too new-agey. Four long tracks.
Leben im Wartesaal (1998) (S)
Dark, droning ambience from Stefan Thut and Bernd Schurer.
Subtitled "Physical Symphony", this is an extremely rare LP with Electronic Music by Wolfgang F. Schmid Warder-Gunning, Ulrike Rehwinkel-Schmid and Maren Tiefensee. The style is not known.
Eriń G (Sweden)
Conclusion (1978 - 1996)
Analog synth enthusiast and instrument builder. In the DIY network he is mostly known for his EHS-30 modular synthesizer (which appears on this album). Conclusion gathers pieces created during the 1978 - 1996 period. The oldest piece (1978) is called "In the Moog". Yeah, right. There is also a track from 1984, two tracks from 1985, one track from 1991 and two tracks from 1996. A bit later this album was re-released and some of the pieces were replaced by the newer ones. Eriń's music is strongly influenced by Tangerine Dream, Klaus Schulze and Jean-Michel Jarre circa Oxygene. Read my review of this album here.
Rare electronic library. Despite the year, there are some interesting arrangements here.
Ermel, Priscilla (Brazil)
Saber Sobre Viver (1986)
Tai Chi - Gestos de Equilibrio (1989)
Cine Mato Grafico (1990)
Campo de Sonhos (1992)
Sort of a unique World Music hybrid, mixing synthesizers with acoustic and ethnic instruments.
Eroc II (1976)
Eroc III (1979)
Eroc IV (1982)
Changing Skies (1987)
The Return of Onkel Boskopp (1997) (with Hans Reichel)
Famous German character who was the drummer of the group Grobbschnitt. His real name is Joachim Ehrig. The third Eroc album contains outtakes from early Grobbschnitt sessions. And his first two albums contain music which was originally part of this group's stage shows. Nowadays he works mainly as a producer for other electronic projects. His own albums are classics and, therefore, it goes without saying, they are recommended. Spacey electronics with whimsical / comedy moments, good drums and some guitars.
The Great Underground Empire (2013)
Portland-based Eric W. Mast aka E*Rock has been involved in creation of various types of mostly electronic-based music for some years now. I am not sure his early output could be qualified as EM. However, this release here is supercool, as it was produced with just two analog synthesizers and inspired by an early text adventure game released in 1979 and that the author played as a kid. File under "experimental, but listenable".
Errante, Emanuele (Italy)
Time Elapsing Handheld (2011)
Italian ambient composer. Humid, mild, slightly classical-influenced soundscapes.
See also: Herion
Erren, Fleissig, Schöttler, Steffen (Germany)
Ouddorp Tapes (2011)
Ouddorp Takes (2012)
Night On Ouddorp (2014)
Varied music, sometimes in the Berlin School vein, from this group of modular synth enthusiasts.
See also: Von Hallgath
This is basically Endgame plus Nick Mott on violin. Avant-garde synthetics, for fans of early Cluster and the darkest Tangerine Dream.
See also: Endgame, Freeman, Alan, Tetlow, Jim.
ESB (2013) (S)
Live Recordings (2016)
Mos Eisley / Wah Wah Wallenstein (2016) (S) (with Die Wilde Jagd)
A trio of Lionel Laquerrière, Thomas Poli and Yann Tiersen. All three play synthesizers. They have a heavy analog sound, influenced by Kraftwerk and other electronic pioneers. ESB stands for "Elektronische Staubband".
Searching For the Elusive Rainbow
Inner Translucence (1997)
Obscured Dialogues (1997)
Citrus Cloud Cover (1998)
Due To A Faulty Premonition (1999)
Remembrance of Things Unknown (2000)
Rule #3 (2002)
if / or (2004) (recorded in 1996)
But Distractions Abound (2006)
Said to resemble a mixture of Heldon and Hawkwind. It may also remind of the group Quarkspace, but I suppose Escapade has a more aggressive and fat sound. Electronic wall-of-sound space rock. Now, where did I put my space helmet?
See also: Everything Must Go
Broen (2012) (with Fanum)
Eschersheim, Christian von (Germany)
Tuneful and driving (krautrock-influenced) Electronic Music from Hamburg, released under a pseudonym. The real name of the musician is Wolfgang "Zabba" Lindner who is actually a drummer and appeared on a couple of albums by Adelbert Von Deyen. He was also a member of Release Music Orchestra, Tomorrow's Gift and a few other groups. He also released a few works under his own name. On this album he mostly plays synthesizers, though.
See also: Zabba Lindner And the Rhythm' Stix
The Shroom Experience (2007)
The Other Door (2009)
Magic Garden (2011)
Ambient soundscapes from a duo of Stefano Contini and Piero Marchesi. ESE stands for Entheogenic Sound Experience.
Atmospherics & Sound Textures (1994)
Cosmic Elements Coalesce (2014)
Dark, spacey synth dirges.
Esoterica Landscapes 7 (USA)
EL7 At CSAW (1990)
EL7 At the Ritz (1990)
Hokmah Nistarah (1990)
Voice of Eye-related (Bonnie McNairn, Jim Wilson, Tim Sternat) Experimental / Tribal Ambient outfit from Houston, Texas.
See also: Voice of Eye
ESP (USA / Poland)
The Gate (1996)
A duo of synthesists Mark Ashby (USA) and Jacek Spruch (Poland). For fans of Tangerine Dream and John Dyson.
See also: Ashby, Mark, E=Motion.
Mystic Black (??)
Strange scary stuff from Rune Michaelson. Don't listen to this with the lights out. Recommended for dark music afficionados.
Espinal, A.J. (Spain)
Spanish synthesist with a flashy, melodic style, very much influenced by Jean-Michel Jarre. Sometimes he comes dangerously close to copying, as in Part 5 of his Evolution cycle, which copies the opening track of Jarre's Concerts In China (both sound and melodies). At other times sounds more original, with lots of nice atmospheric moments, always retaining a melodic edge ala Jarre.
Essers, Rob (Netherlands)
A Lizard's Walk (1997)
Tangerine Dream style. Not bad.
Esteban, Luis Carlos (Spain)
Marco y Micro Tiempo (2009)
Madrid-based Luis Carlos Esteban has been playing keyboards since the late 1970's, mostly as a member of several synth-pop / new wave bands, such as Olé Olé, Hip Hop, Plastico and more. As a solo artist he indulges in classic analogue progressive electronic sound, though, with strong influences of the Berlin School.
See also: Cosmolab
Et Cetera (Germany)
What's there to know about Et Cetera? It was a jazz fusion ensemble put together by keyboard player Wolfgang Dauner about 1968. They experimented with various styles and apart from typical fusion sound incorporated elements of krautrock, blues, avant-garde and more. They had various members coming and going. The double LP Live was recorded by their last lineup that included Jurgen Schmidt-Oehm and Matthias Thurow. Among the rich tapestry of sounds presented here one can also find a synthesizer track which makes it a curiosity of sorts for EM fans.
See also: Thurow, Matthias, Dauner, Wolfgang.
Eternal Moon (UK)
Kubla Khan (1986)
Synth band consisting of Dave Palmer, Steve Morrell (both from River of Dreams) and Dave Newbold. Classic sound.
See also: River of Dreams
Waking Music (2013)
Kalimba Ambience (2014)
Relaxing ambient sounds and rich synthesizer pads from Ludvig Cimbrelius. Waking Music is a double CD.
See also: Purl
Silk Road (2013) (S)
Ten Electronic Music Studies (2000)
Beyond Neptune (2007)
Solo electronic project of Richard Orlando, who was a member of Alien Planetscapes at some stages. The second album has a veriety of styles, with a cast of supporting musicians, including the late Doug Walker (Alien Planetscapes), Doug McMahon (Scattered Planets), Paul Williams (Quarkspace) and three female vocalists.
See also: Alien Planetscapes, Orlando, Richard.
Ethereal Electric Elixir (UK)
Live At the Edge of Time (2011)
A live formation that includes John Sherwood (4m33s), Lee Shepherd, Michael Daniel, Phil Booth and Steve Palmer. The line-up is variable and the style is Ambient mixed with some Berlin influences. The package of Live At the Edge of Time includes a CDR and a DVD.
See also: 4m33s, Palmer, Stephen.
Musick In the Quay of Sea (2002)
Yule Tide (2003)
Yule Tide 2 (2003)
A Box of Fysh (2004)
A Box of Fysh / Pandoras Box (2004)
On Your Way Home (2007)
Etherfysh is the project of Chris Christou from Hastings, East Sussex, England. Chris was exposed to EM pretty early in his life. After he grew up he acquired his first synthesizers - a kit built string machine and a Korg MS-10. Since then he has been recording his solo music on cassette and an open reel-to-reel tape recorder. In the mid-80's he got some interest from the French label Egg but eventually nothing came out of it. Finally, Chris set up a new project called Etherfysh which got airplay on several specialized radio stations followed by several CD releases. There are many influences in Chris' music, but the most important ones come from the Berlin School, Vangelis, Tim Blake, Wheater Report and Joe Zawinul. After listening to a 3-track promo with compositions taken from the CD A Box of Fysh I would say that Chris' music will probably be enjoyed by most EM listeners. It's not really sequencer heavy, not on this release at least. Instead, Chris relies on a lot of atmospheric, sometimes mysterious sounds, floating pads and subtle rhythms. Sometimes the music is comparable to 80's Tangerine Dream, although with a very relaxed feel. There is a strong melodic edge to it throughout (although some sections do not have any distinguishable melody per se) and I do notice a few classical influences as well or so it seems to me. The track "Sidewalk" is very ethnic-sounding. This is interesting stuff with a slick production (the sound quality is very good for a self-produced CD). Recommended. Also, read my review of Yule Tide 2 here.
144 Pulsations of Light (2009)
Into the Woods (2012)
Opus 2 (2013)
Virtual Reality (2013) (EP)
Tanuki Dreams (2014)
The earliest project of musician Tim Gray where he experimented in the Ambient genre. There are also some dub / ambient techno / IDM influences.
See also: Gray, Tim, Tanuki House.
Voltage Sessions (2013)
A Scent of Jasmine - Voltage Sessions II (2014)
The Code (2015)
Cathedrals - Voltage Sessions IV (2016)
Electronic Music by Silvia and Michael Kempe.
Etnier, John (USA)
John Etnier is an experimental rock composer and graphic designer from Maine. He released several records, both solo and in group format. This one here is a soundtrack to a dance performance. Etnier plays everything, with synthesizers, guitars and chromatic percussion dominating. Several guests contribute other instruments. The music is diverse and ranges from Eno-like Ambient, to recital / classical / choral pieces and jazzy stuff of ECM type.
Ettinger, Dylan (USA)
Safari Zone (2008)
Bread of the Dead (2009)
Bringing the Heat / Cancer (2009) (S)
Smokin' / Miami Heat (2009) (S)
Super Ape (2009)
Composed By Dylan Ettinger (2010) (S)
Cutters (2010) (S)
Interstellar Pleasures (2010) (S)
New Age Outlaws (2010)
Botany Bay (2011)
Pattern Recursion (2011) (S)
Lion of Judah (2011) (S)
Crucify Your Love (2013) (S)
Life Power Church (2013)
Young artist with an interesting and wide-ranging set of influences: reggae, dub (Safari Zone, Bread of the Dead), experimental / musique concrete (Super Ape), Jan Hammer and 80's synth soundtracks (Smokin', Bringing the Heat), "Blade Runner" (New Age Outlaws), Klaus Schulze (Interstellar Pleasures) and more. One to look out for, as you never know what he'll do next.
Ettlinger, Dieter (UK)
AI Ambient Intelligence (2002)
Despite the title, the music on Ambient Intelligence is too rhythmic and sequencer-based to be called Ambient music. Dieter Ettlinger is the nom-de-plume of the British Ambient musician Peter Challoner who has also worked with fellow musician Paul Smith as Asymmetric.
See also: Challoner, Peter, Asymmetric.
I.N.Kh.E. (2015) (with West Remi)
Evgenij V. Kharitonov is a Moscow-born artist who has been quite prolific over the years, releasing a wealth of music in different styles and under different pseudonyms, mostly as digital downoads. I.N.Kh.E. features Space Music / EM in a unique style.
Europaweite Aussichten (Germany)
Welcome To Paradise (2015)
Horror synth project of Sam Freissler, with elements of synthwave. Very John Carpenter in places.
EUS (Costa Rica)
Vhinto No Dresce (2011)
Tras El Horizonte (2011)
Los Otros (2012)
Sustained Layers (2012) (with Postdrome and Saåad)
Sol Levit (2013)
Reviraje / Lifeless (2014) (with Mytrip)
Different Streams (2015) (with Postdrome and Saåad)
Evangelion of Darkness (Italy)
Evans, Brian (UK??)
Sky Dance (1990)
Evans, Chris (UK)
Stonehenge (1980) (with David
Symbols of the Seven Sacred Sounds (1981) (with David Hanselmann)
Empty Spaces And Desert Places (1983)
Multiple Image (1987)
Aka Chris Evans-Ironside. Keyboardist and producer. The first two albums, created with Truimvirat singer David Hanselmann mix symphonic rock, The Alan Parsons Project style and Electronic Music. The rest are library electronic LP's.
Evelyn War (Ireland)
of Exposure (2009)
A Darker Definition (2011)
Evelyn War is Jonathan Mayhew. He lives and works in Dublin and is also a graphic artist / photographer. His music is based on the sound of synthesizers. It is mostly ambient but he is not afraid to toss in a gentle sequence or two. Check out his split cassette release with Guyute titled Mountains. It features some beautiful music by Jonathan.
Eve (Yvonne) Thacker under a pseudonym. Highly experimental, at times playful (in a wacky, Cluster-like way), music.
See also: Thacker, Yvonne
Event Cloak (Canada)
Physical Computing (2011)
Life Strategies (2015)
Experimental, but also accessible music from Nick Maturo, with sampling galore and synths.
See also: Sundrips
Event Horizon (UK)
Variations No. 1 (2001)
Variations No. 2 (2001)
Akashic Records (2002)
Found Artifacts (2002)
Lost Lands (2002)
Pool of Dreams (2002)
Plain of Fear (2002)
Visions of the Infinite (2002)
Anglian Meditations (2002)
Sound Science (2002)
Sanctus 1 (2002)
Sanctus 2 (2002)
The Entomologist (2002)
Messa Terrible (2002)
Chaos Kitchen (2003)
The Ascension (2003)
The Ascension II (2003)
The Sanctus Entomologica Triptych (2003)
Polydeus - Pastoral Electronic Symphony (2003)
One-Way Street (2003)
Twisted Logic (2003)
Vulcan Song (2003)
Seismology II (2003)
The Omega Series (2003)
Black Iron (2003)
Shed Inventions (2003)
The Recital (2004)
Moog City (2004)
Make Yourself At Home (2004)
The Twelve Portals (2004)
The Primordial Particle (2004)
The Centre of the Galaxy (2004)
Unknowable By Man (2004)
Cosmogenesis Symphony (2004)
Data Dream (2004)
Occult Chemistry (2004)
Weird Synth (2004)
Pyramid Technology (2004)
Beyond the Veil (2005)
The Catalogue of Rituals (2005)
Variations No. 3 (2005)
Variations No. 4 (2005)
Silver Collection (2005)
The Plain of Fear II (2005)
Morbidus II (2005)
High In Fibre (2006)
The Ghost In the Machine (2006)
The Gatekeepers (2006)
Dragon Paths (2006)
Cosmic Anthems (2007)
Variations No. 7 In A Major (2007)
Tesla Varations (2007)
Tesla Varations, Vol. 1 & 2 (2007)
Cuttin' Mustard (2010)
Scoring A Century (2010)
Event Horizon's output has evolved since its inception in 2002, from the original big spacey sound, with heavy menacing Gothic dirges and giant church organ synthesis, to a lighter style, with emphasis on Celtic and early plainsong styles, modal melodies, and choir / organ sounds. Recordings after mid 2006 have concentrated upon a more orchestral form, though still plainly electronic in origin and making little attempt to emulate natural instruments. The acoustics still, as ever, are those of a giant concert hall or cathedral. Since mid 2006, the big modular synthesiser was abandoned in favour of software sources. Styles have been a little reminiscent of Tangerine Dream, Tomita, Vangelis and Jarre, but with heavy influences of Messiaen in the earlier music, pre 2005. Richard Barton also publishes recordings under his own name, and under the name SAIEM ("Anglo-Irish School of Electronic Music") (text used with permission).
See also: Barton, Richard, SAIEM.
Legend of the Aces (2011)
Saul Tyni's Everdune, although a spacesynth project, displays a wide range of influences. Inspired by the 90's demoscene and EM in no way less than by Laserdance and other classics, he creates melodic, dynamic works that display good sound design and a knack for churning out great melodies at a nice pace. But it is on slow tracks like "Beyond the Horizon" that Saul puts forward his EM influences and displays them in all their cinematic glory. A few nice synth solos found their way here also. File under EM-related.
Sphere of Influence (1981)
Key Essentials (1982)
Shoot To Kill (1983)
Everfriend was a New Jersey-based progressive rock band put together in the late 1970's by keyboardist Bill Rhodes. I am not sure how much of their output would qualify as EM but it is known that Sphere of Influence has some purely electronic moments, done a bit in the style of Synergy. Of their three albums, Shoot To Kill, done in collaboration with Bob Ruggiero, is the least known and more obscure. It features some singing of side A but is said to be synth-dominated and EM-related. The album is dedicated to the memory of the victims of Flight 007.
See: Rhodes, Bill
Voyage of Being (1998)
Everness is a duo of synthesist Guilherme Da Luz and guitarist Manuel Cardoso, both of whom were members of progressive rock band Tantra.
See also: Guilherme Da Luz
Everything Must Go (USA)
Brain Machine (1992)
Hall of Mysteries (2001)
Everything Must Go is a Texan duo of brothers Rob and Russ Giffen of Escapade creating traditional cosmic Electronic Music.
See also: Escapade
Ewige Dunkelheit (Brazil)
A Deformidade (2007)
Ex Confusion (Japan)
To Remember (2010)
Empathy (2010) (S)
You And I (2011) (S)
Small Reality (2011) (S)
Too Late, They Are Gone (2011) (S)
Music For My Love (2011) (S)
With Love (2013)
Flow (2014) (S)
Emotional soundscapes from Atsuhito Omori.
Stop / Don't (1983) (S)
Mini album by a short-lived duo of old friends from down under, Daevid Allen (Gong) and David Tolley. The music is supposedly electronic.
See also: Tolley, David, Allen, Daevid.
Ghost Hologram (2012)
Actaeon (2015) (S)
Mostly ambient soundscapes.
Time Slice (2004)
Analogue Flowers (2005)
Memoirs Fiola (2012)
Cosmic Voyager (2013)
Not sure how many people will actually "dig" this, as it's mostly very simplistic EM, as if coming from an old video game (guess that was the intention anyway). This one is only for the complete "retro" heads. Exalot is a little-known project from Saint-Petersburg. The author uses vintage synthesizers and low-bit computers.
Except Buses (UK)
Solstice 25 (2014) (recorded in ?? - 1989)
Experimental electronic band consisting of Simon Lewry, Steve Tree, Aidan Walsh and Richard Zarywacz. Alternates between ambient or aggressive (always retaining the melodic edge) synthesizer pieces and noisy concrete collages. You can say that they are an industrial / EM crossover project.
Into the Night (1988)
Between Places (1990)
The Legend of Prince Valiant (1991) (soundtrack)
Beyond Words (1993)
Exchange is a Canadian duo of Gerald O'Brien (ex-Nightwinds) and Steve Sexton. The music on their first couple of albums have been compared to Synergy and Vangelis. Later albums are said to be in the poppy new age style, complete with vocals and, therefore, dreadfully boring. Stay away, unless you can find some of their early works.
Fractional Healing (1992)
Sequencer music on Musique Intemporelle. Excite was a duo of Andreas Schmidt and Jochen Forster.
Workin' Out W/ Mike And Brett (2009) (S)
Field of Dreams (2009)
Cassette release from Brett Naucke (Face Worker) and Mike Pollard (Treetops). Dual synthesizer works. Droney, new agey.
See also: Naucke, Brett, Face Worker.
Varied project influenced mostly by classic krautrock. Collage-like sounds, guitar-based sounds and sequencer-based analog electronics.
See also: Ruiz, Miguel Angel, Orfeon Gagarin, Funeral Souvenir, Ventral Metaphor, Ambulatorio Segreto, Tecnica Material.
Exhumed Corpse (USA)
Hollow Reflections (2007)
Blood Filter (2008)
Population Zero (2008) (S)
Undead Burial (2008)
Unmarked Grave (2008)
Numbing (2009) (S)
Pray For Death (2009)
Last Words... (2010)
The Crows Fly, The Wolves Fly... (2010) (S)
Exhumed Corpse (2011) (S)
Mortem Obire (2011)
Stone Mausoleum (2013)
Red Snow (2014)
Servant of the Star And the Snake (2015)
Low-fi synth-based Dark / Death Ambient from Sam Wagner, a noisician from Michigan.
Dimension D (1996)
See also: Wollo, Erik
Exile, The (UK)
Towards Fear (2000)
Via Nemea (2003)
Good Vibrations (2003)
Ascension (2004) (EP)
Mainly light airy Ambient like Eno / Budd. Later works incorporate noisy bits and drones. The project of Joel Derby who is also a member of Inconnu project.
Exit In Grey (Russia)
Permanency Penetrating (2003)
Nowadays Warm (2004)
Emotional Resounding (2004)
Twilight Waters (2005)
Nameless Droplet (2006)
Sub Pluvia (2007)
Dim Lines (2008) (recorded in 2005)
Audiometry: Domination (2009)
Raktasonic (2009) (recorded in 2004)
Peaceful Landscape / Environment Despair (2011)
Dust Storm (2013) (with Fanum)
Shadows of Stillness (2013)
Drone Ambient firmly in the Maeror Tri school of thought.
See also: Ion And Sophus
Endorcism Process (1997)
Push Kara (1999)
Ritual Ambient from French artist Cyril Herry.
See also: Ashes To Ashes
Expanded Music Company (Italy)
Tu Scendi dalle Stelle (1982) (S)
Weird and rare one-sided electronic single with music for a theatrical play.
Expedition Zero (Russia)
Ultra Hi (2001)
Po Svetu Zemli (2001)
Deep Sleep (2002)
Ambient group formed by Kirill Trepakov in the early 1990's. Varied sound, from Classic Ambient to techno-influenced stuff.
See also: Siver, Valery & Trepakov Kiryll
Experimental Audio Research (UK)
Beyond the Pale (1996)
Phenomena 256 (1996)
The Koner Experiment (1997)
Millennium Music (1997)
Live At the Dream Palace, New Orleans (1997)
Data Rape (2000)
Vibrations (2000) (EP)
Worn To A Shadow (2005)
EAR (formed in 1990 by Sonic Boom) creates psychedelic experimental droning music, somehow comparable to No Pussyfooting by Eno/Fripp. Beyond the Pale features Eddie Provost of AMM.
See also: Spectrum
Experimental Psychology (USA)
Tracks Through My Mind (1989)
Tread Through Time (1989)
Feat of A Lifetime (1989) (maxi)
Dawn of the Space Age (1995)
Planetary Revolution (1995)
Space Zones (1995)
Deep Space (1996)
Cosmic Overture 1 (1996)
Cosmic Overture 2 (1997)
Cosmic Overture 3 (1997)
Early Experimental Tracks (1998) (recorded in ??)
Alien Worlds 1 & 2 (1999)
Jellyfish In Space (1999)
Beyond the Glaze (2000)
Behind the Mirror (2000)
Fatal Sophisticated (2007)
Experimental Psychology (or, simply Ex.P.) is the project of Ben Summers - founder of Dark Duck record label. The music ranges from deep ambient explorations to techno-influenced stuff and experimental soundscapes.
Experiments In Silence (UK)
Hidden Harmonic (2014)
Ambient duo of Matt Hillier and Neil Butler.
See also: Ishq, Ishvara, Futurology.
Exploding Monsters (USA)
Exploding Monsters (2004)
Varied, relatively short, darkish electronic tracks with some guitar / drum embellishments. Exploding Monsters is a duo of George Martindell and Frank Sonsini.
See also: Science Friction
Deep Voyage (??)
Long electronic tracks.
See also: Direct 2 Brain
Explosion, The (France)
The Explosion (2015)
A project of Gilbert Cohen together with Fabrizio Rat and Giani Caserotto on guitar. The music is hard to describe and is a strange amalgam of (sometimes frippertronics-like) guitars, pianos, warm, atmospheric or repetitive synthesizers (they state to be influenced by Terry Riley) and slight jazzy influences, all in an Ambient / EM setting. Rather unique and fairly good too.
Expo '70 (USA)
Where Does Your Mind Go? (2010)
Soft Wave Continuum (2012) (S)
Frozen Living Elements (2014)
It was about time to include this space rock / krautrock revival project from Justin Wright in the encyclopedia. Being that not all of his stuff is electronic, I decided to tread carefully and only include works that were proven to contain some electronic stuff. Case in point is Where Does Your Mind Go?, a double album that contains a spacey, 16-minute electronic floater "Night Dusting the Atmosphere". On Frozen Living Elements the track "Curiosities of Levitation" will be of interest. Soft Wave Continuum is a 20-minute cassette that is all layered synthesizers (no guitars here). Further investigation is needed.
See also: Wright, Justin, Umberto.
Inside the Cube (2007)
Outside the Cube (2007)
Divemaster 08 (2008)
Living In the Past (2008)
Melodic and sequencer-based Electronic Music from K. H. Reiers, mastered by Bernd Scholl aka Moonbooter.
Exterior Mirror (USA)
Trans-Species Action (1998)
Dark Ambient from Claude Willey. Has been compared to Bad Sector, Runes Order and Alio Die.
Extraterrestrial (2010) (S)
Electronic Fog (2010) (S)
One of the projects of Paul "Wolfgang" Riedl who is related to the metal scene. The eponymous cassette is noisy and rough, while Electronic Fog ventures into deeper Dark Space territories.
See also: Hoverkraft
Echoes In the Emptiness (2000)
Settling Density (2001)
Starting To See (2009) (EP)
Swallow the Ghost (2009)
Slowly moving, atmospheric droning Ambient. Exuviae is Brooks Rongstad, co-founder of GreenHouse Music label.
Live At Relay (2013)
Second Sight (2013)
American psychedelic / stoner / progressive rock band consisting of Matt Bailey, Matt Auxier, Adam Smith and Brandon Smith. Right from the start they used lots of keyboards and synthesizers, as is evident on their debut Center of the Sun (2011). They also venture into pure Electronic Music, as can be heard in the rather Tangerine Dream-ish title track off Second Sight. It's a synth / mellotron piece and it's criminally short. However, EM fans will get more of that goodness if they manage to lay their hands on Live At Relay, large stretches of which are spacey Electronic Music.
Eye, The (Germany)
Sort of a Dark Ambient sound here. The Eye is Thomas Hermann.
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