Index

 

C.H.A.O.S. (UK)

The Soundtrack From "The Camp" (1993)
The Improvised Sessions (1997)
The Improvised Sessions Vol.2 (1998)
The Excrement Sessions (1999)
Syndromeda In CHAOS (2000) (with Syndromeda)
Just In Tyne (2001)

C.H.A.O.S. stands for Creative Harmonics And Organic Soundscapes and consists of David Gurr (synths, samplers, sequencers & rhythm machines) and Ed Britten (guitar, bass & rhythm machines). The band was formed in 1993 and the music is very wild electronics with guitar, sort of like Megadeath meets Tangerine Dream!

See also: The Omega Syndicate, Architexture.

 


C.J. Mind & Man UFO (Russia)

Source (2009)

Ambient duo of Alexander Kharchenko and Andrei Lobatsevich in Steve Roach realms. They have previously been known as "eXperiment".

 


C.O.U.F.O.L. (Poland)

In the Search... (2014)

Dark Space.

 


C418 (Germany)

Minecraft - Volume Alpha (2011)

Ambient soundtrack to a videogame. C418 is a project of Daniel Rosenfeld.

 


Cabaret du Ciel (Italy)

Weather Colours (1991)
Raintears (1991)
Skies In the Mirror (1992)
Blue Form (2000)

A duo from Treviso, consisting of Andrea Desiderà and Luigi Morosin. Hardly comparable to other artists. Sort of a relaxing, moody ambient sound, with melodies, almost new-agey but not quite, more soundtrack-like really. The 2000 album released by Mellow Records is supposedly more Progrock-oriented.

 


Cabaret Futura (Netherlands)

Highland Cathedral / Cricket (1983) (S)

 


Cabiati, Francesco (Italy)

Mirage (1979)

A rare forgotten gem of Italian Electronic Music.

 


Cacciapaglia, Roberto (Italy)

Sonanze (1974)
Sei Note In Logica (1978)
The Ann Steel Album (1979)
Acufene (1981) (S)
Generazioni Del Cielo (1982)
Tra Cielo E Terra (1996)
Sonanze & Other Works (2000)
Arcana (2001)
Tempus Fugit (2003)
Incontri Con L'Anima (2005)

Sonanze is a mesmerizing and at times minimal work, pretty cosmic, experimental and unique. A true classic. After that, Roberto ventured into weirder realms which is not to say that he didn't produce worthwhile music of course.

 


Cacophony (USA)

Experiment 13 (2001)

One of Daniel Byerly's pseudonyms. Supposedly, Dark Ambient music.

See also: Bertrom, Cabot Jr, DiBane, Lee, Synthuser.

 


Cadenced Haven (Bangladesh)

Peregrination (2010)
Life In Cosmic Highway (2011) (with Gert Emmens)
Mystic Dawn (2012) (with Gert Emmens)

Female artist from Bangladesh (real name - Laila Quaraishi) who is very much into flowing melodic composition and relaxed rhythms. Gert Emmens participates on some tracks. The review of Cadenced Haven' debut album Peregrination is available here.

 


Cadman, Stephen (UK)

Big Smith Stays In Bed (1981)

Rare cosmic Electronic Music by this obscure artist.

 


Çağlar, Umut (Turkey)

Seeds of Eternity (2015)

Istanbul-based improviser and experimental musician who on Seeds of Eternity serves up a mixture of ethnic music, analog electronics and improvisation. Nice World Music sound here.

 


Cailler, Pascal (France)

Evasion (1991) (S)

Melodic EM from this obscure artist.

 


Cain (Russia)

Child of Cold (1999)
Notforgiven (2001)

Melancholic Ambient.

 


Calabi-Yau (Russia)

Compactified (2008)

Organic Ambient inspired by the string theory by a duo of Igor Sidorov-Moiseev and Grigoriy Abdulaev.

 


Caldera (USA)

A Moog Mass (1970)

One of those vintage obscurities, A Moog Mass features music composed and played by Robert Margouleff and Malcolm Cecil who would later become Tonto's Expanding Head Band. A vocoded speech is laid on top of their electronic score. There is another band with the name "Caldera" which is a Latin jazz ensemble and has nothing to do with EM.

See also: Tonto's Expanding Head Band, Cecil, Malcolm.

 


Caldini, Claudio (Argentina)

El Devenir de las Piedras (1989)

Varied analog music, from "Oxygene" / Schulzian meditative drift to quirkier, more rhythmic realms.

 


Caldwell, Brian (USA)

Harmonic Brainwave Synergy (1992)
Inspiration Point (1998)
Creativity Generator Ultra (1999)

"Neurosonic" music composed for therapeutic purposes, inspired by the classics of the 70's. Harmonic Brainwave Synergy was rereleased in 1994 on CD as Harmonic Planet with different intro and outtro.

 


Caldwell, Gus (USA)

The First Four (2015) (recorded in 2013 - 2015)
Sigh Louder Scream Goodbye (2016)
WHYIALWAYSNEEDSOMETHINGTOHIDEBEHINDBY (2016)
Live In Richmond, VA (2017) (S) (with Zach Rowden)

Richmond-based ambient artist with a minimal, a tad gloomy sound.

 


Calidonia County (USA)

Telegraph Canyon (2013)
The Ghosted Years (2014)

Synthesizer-based ambient soundscapes from Chicago. Peaceful, serene, but a bit repetitive.

 


Callisto (UK)

Signal To the Stars (2004)
Nyx (2010)

Melodic / rhythmic / sequencer music by David Wright and David Massey (The Kobalt Project).

See also: Wright, David, Kobalt Project, The.

 


Calm, Carl (USA)

Dayglo Port (2008)
The Sag (2010)
A Party Tide (2011)

Solo music from member of experimental jam band Caboladies.

 


Calomne, Laurent (Belgium)

Monstres Et Chimeres (2005)

Melodic / colourful EM by this classical music teacher and composer.

 


Camargo Mariano, César (Brazil)

Prisma (1985)

Brazilian jazz fusion keyboardist. This album expresses a strong EM influence in places. At least I am sure tracks like "Cidade Encantada", parts of the title track or "Nos Bailes da Vida" will be enjoyed by fans of the floating, melodic and romantic Vangelis. Further investigation is needed.

 


Cambou (France)

Naemia Vol. 3: Earth Is Mine (2011)

Michel Camboulives makes melodic, spacey Electronic Music with slight downtempo influences.

 


Camden (USA)

Life of Devotion (2010) (S)
Living Image (2011)

Solo synth compositions by Minneapolis-based Cole Weiland - a member of psych rock band Daughters of the Sun. Ambient, melodic, experimental...

 


Camden, Ken (USA)

Of Meisha (2007) (S) (with Mike Tamburo)
Lethargy & Repercussions (2010)
Space Mirror (2013)
Dream Memory (2015)

Guitarist and electronic musician whose sound can be described as a more out-there Fripp & Eno.

See also: Runawei

 


Came, John (UK)

Rhythmicon (1995)

Actually a pseudonym of David Barker and David Leonard (Komputer) with an album released on Mute records. A device called the Rhythmicon is supposedly used - a machine invented in the 1930's by Russian engineer Leon Theremin. It was sort of an early sequencer / drum machine that allowed to play a set sequence of notes. It seems that the device was hooked up to a guitar. However, the music is completely electronic. There was a rumor once, that under the fake name "John Came" hides the duo of Erasure (Vince Clarke and Andy Bell). However, this myth has since been debunked.

See also: Komputer

 


Camera (Germany)

Radiate! (2012)
Système Solaire (2013) (EP)
Remember I Was Carbon Dioxide (2014)
Phantom of Liberty (2016)
Camera / Richard Pinhas (2017) (S) (with Richard Pinhas)

Berlin-based krautrock trio whose inclusion in EEM has been pending for some time, as I was indecisive about their relevance for the encyclopedia because of the guitar-oriented nature of their music. However, the electronics on Phantom of Liberty are so prominent that the group I think warranted an inclusion here. Fans of Dusseldorf School take note.

 


Camera Obscura (Germany)

Camera Obscura (1984)

Spatial electronics comparable to Fripp / Eno with hints of Vangelis. Camera Obscura is Matthias Becker (EMAK) with Michael Peters helping out.

See also: Peters, Michael, Elektronische Musik Aus Köln.

 


Cameron, John (UK)

Suspensions / Galaxy (1980) (with Trevor Bastow)
Explorer (1985)
Odyssey (1985) (with Alan Hawkshaw)

Library electronics with varied style.

 


Cameron, Tom (USA)

Music To Wash Dishes By (1982)

Privately pressed electronic album by this guy out of Chicago. The style is experimental and ambient, with lots of weird sounds.

 


Caminiti, Evan (USA)

Night Dust (2012)
Dreamless Sleep (2012)
Meridian (2015)

New-York-based Evan Caminiti is primarily an electric guitar player. He is a drone / shoegaze musician (and member of Barn Owl, as well as a few other projects) who, starting from 2012's Night Dust, began showing a shift to a different style, more influenced by krautrock pioneers. With Meridian, even his instrumentation changed to an electronic setup, with all sounds being sourced from a modular synth. The style is experimetal with elements of glitch music, but also progressive, especially during the spacier moments. Let's hope he continues in that direction. Note: the above discography is incomplete and only includes EM-related releases.

See also: Painted Caves

 


Camisasca, Juri (Italy)

La Finestra Dentro (1974)

Roberto "Juri" Camisasca, although formally a singer-songwriter, released this progressive / avant-garde work, on which Franco Battiato plays VCS 3 synth. Mixture of voice / singing (often processed), folk and electronics.

See also: Telaio Magnetico

 


Camizole (France)

Camizole 1975 (2015)

Electronic duo of Bernard Filipetti and Dominique Grimaud (Video-Aventures) with a floating sound. They approached Klaus Schulze who was supposed to release music by this project on his planned EM label. However, the idea of a label was not implemented until 1978 when IC was founded, and the electronic soundscapes of the French duo were left unreleased until the late 1970's when a Camizole album finally appeared, although it was made by a different, expanded line-up and the music had transformed into jazz-rock / RIO by then.

See also: Video-Aventures, Grimaud, Dominique.

 


Campau, Don (USA)

Flutter (2009) (with Aku Tardiff)

Long-standing sound experimentator and founder of Tapegerm. Too many styles are covered in his work, I'll try to list the EM-related ones.

 


Campbell, Dallas (USA)

All Hallows' (2016) (with Ogre)
Beyond the Infinite (2016) (with Ogre)
Chihuahuan (2016)

Analog, Berlin-School-influenced music from this synthesist.

 


Campbell, Don (USA)

Lightning On the Moon (1985)

Donald G. Campbell is a Boulder, Colorado-based new age musician. Yeah, that's right, new age. However, and quite amazingly, if you listen to the first side of the above cassette, you will hear minimal, repetitive Electronic Music, like a very basic and minimalist version of 1980's Schulze or Edgar Froese. Overall, quite hypnotic and charming, and not new age at all, even if a bit repetitive. I don't know if it's typical of this guy's oeuvre or if there is more interesting stuff from him, so for now file under EM-related and wait till I investigate more.

 


Campbell, Neil (UK)

Sol Powr (2002)
Lost Predelic Moonshine Music (2004)
Six Scores (2017) (with Richard Youngs)

Drone Ambient from this renowned experimental musician.

 


Campbell, Terry (Canada??)

Synth (2007)

A blend of ambient synthesizers and live percussion.

 


Canada Effervescent (Canada)

Automne Éternel (1980)
Crystalline (2017)
Ridin' America (2017)

Obscure early cassette release on Valley of the Sun Publishing. The music is done by one Denis Tremblay, a hypnotist, theorist and painter. It is new-agey, but repetitive and with a strong Prog EM vibe, like the atmospheric moments of early Kitaro sometimes, without the oriental motifs. The music was re-released in 2016 as part of a split cassette with Recou Futur. Denis Tremblay started already in the 1970's but stopped doing music altogether in 1990 to concentrate on painting. File under Electronic New Age.

See also: Tremblay, Denis

 


Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Canada)

Star Begotten (1977)

Not sure about this one. The music was done by a "studio group" that included no less than 7 musicians. The style is unknown too, but it seems to be a soundtrack to a radio play of sorts or something like that. Appears to be synth dominated.

 


Canadian Electronic Ensemble, The (Canada)

Canadian Electronic Ensemble (1977)
Transcription (1978) (with James Campbell and John York)
Canadian Electronic Ensemble (1981)
Live (1998)

Live electronic group formed in 1971. The list of players / performers includes Michael Dobinson, David Jaeger, Larry Lake, Jim Montgomery, Paul Stillwell and Laura Wilcox. The music they create is on the experimental side of the EM spectrum.

 


Canarios, Los (Spain)

Ciclos (1973)

Adaptation of Vivaldi's "Four Seasons" mixed with original material. A classic by Teddy Bautista, one of the pioneers of Electronic Music in Spain. Ciclos is their only electronic / progressive work, though. Other three albums are just plain pop / rock music.

See also: Bautista, Teddy

 


Canavarro, Nuno (Portugal)

Plux Quba (1988)
Mr. Wollogallu (1991) (with Carlos Maria Trindade)

Member of pop rock band Delfins and synth-pop outfit Street Kids, Nuno Canavarro released an interesting solo album in 1988, with music that combined ambient soundscapes with what sounded like a precursor to the glitch scene that would emerge during the following decade.

 


Cane Swords (USA)

Big Warmup In the Mouth of Enternity (2011)
Transmogrification (2014)
Temple Swords (2014)

A duo of Ohio-based synthesists composing varied electronic tracks, from experimental to floating and cosmic.

 


Canis Minor (USA)

Humans Are An Ant Farm (1999)
Algomeysa Transit (2000)

Cosmic electronics with an "Ash Ra Tempel" feel from this New York-based group consisting of Thom Karcher and Joe Silver. Thom plays the Chapman Stick and Joe takes care of keyboards.

 


Cannes (Belgium)

Anthem (2015) (S)
Immemorial (2016) (S)
Vermillion (2016)
Girls of Sorrow (2017) (with Pillars)
Cannes (2017)

Ambient.

 


Canovas, Javi (Spain)

Impasse (2005)
Light Echoes (2006)
Strange Visions (2007)
Red Metal (2007)
Nights of Brightness (2008)
Eigenspaces (2008)
In This Moment, In This Place (2009)
Behind the Shadows (2010)
Aureal (2011)
Gravitational Waves (2011) (EP)
Transfiguration (2012)
Psychedelic Voyage (2012)
Desert Dawn (2013)
Two Roads (2013) (with Brendan Pollard, Adrian Dolente and Michael Daniel)
Cracks In the Air (2013)
Hidden Path (2014)

Berlin School music by this artist from the Canary Islands, Spain. Impasse starts with the track "Sun Radiation". After a lengthy introduction a heavy-handed bass sequence comes to the fore together with mysterious mellotron choir. This is pure, 100% Berlin School. The sequence mutates, wrapped in some wild effects. Very straight-forward and in-your-face stuff. A solo plays on top of the sequences while the sound gets more intense and out-there. This is the kind of hyperactive Berlin School EM that you could hear on Tangerine Dream's "Monolight" perhaps. It's pretty useless to describe every nuance and every change of sound in detail as it would take too much space with very few in terms of useful information. Let's just say that the music does not stay still for a second. This is intense, mean and clean Electronic Music with all the right elements and the speed indicator cranked up to the top notch. "North of Circle" starts with some sounds of the deeper variety. Prominent mellotron choir completes the picture of what overall is pretty classic-formula Berlin School track. This time it doesn't take long before the sequences take over as we prepare for another roller-coaster of a track. The track sounds very much like classic-period Tangerine Dream - from structure to the sounds. It's an excellent and well-crafted EM number, with multiple sequences, some background atmospheres and effects. I must note that the sequencing on this track is simply stunning - Chris Franke would have been proud to call this his own. In fact, the sequences are so prominent here - this track is sequencer fan's paradise! What a trip! On to "Zenith". Dark and aggressive sounds are what we get for a couple of minutes. After that, a hyperactive sequence of the bleak variety appears making things even more raw, gritty and dirty if you get my drift. Actually, the only ingredients of this track are the sequences, sparse mellotron choir / strings, occasional solos and some background pads. Nevertheless, it works. Impasse is a recommended work for all fans of the analogue / Berlin School style and of course the sequencer, which you'll find aplenty here. Track 2 is my favourite. See also my review of Javi's second album, Light Echoes. Subsequent albums are reviewed, too (see reviews).

See also: 23Fish, Audiometria.

 


Capital Punishment (USA)

Roadkill (1982)

Basically a NY-based high-school no wave band that included young Ben Stiller on drums. They released this LP privately and the music is chaotic and experimental no wave for the most part. Amateurish, but not bad for a bunch of teenagers. There are also a couple of nice instrumental electronic tracks that might appeal to fans of the slightly more aggressive side of progressive EM (I am thinking Heldon here).

 


Caproni, Jerome (France)

Romane (2017) (EP)

Although known as a techno artist / deejay, Jerome Caproni opens this 12-incher with the intimate title track - an ambient number with reflective synth leads. A one-track inclusion so far.

 


Captain Sunshine (UK)

Tomorrows Never Known (2013)
The Ocean Inside (2016)

Varied atmospheric and rhythmic / melodic EM with an analogue flair and some downtempo beats from Jon Tye.

See also: Seahawks

 


Captured Imagination (USA)

Impinging Upon the Morontial (2002)

Very diverse electronic compositions from Aaron P Eppelstrom, from Ambient to melodic / uplifting and symphonic, progrock-influenced.

 


Caraballo, Oscar (Venezuela)

Themes Between Two Times (1991)
Melodic Dreams (1995)
Yesterday Is Tomorrow (1999)

Electronic musician from Venezuela who now resides in California. I havenít heard his music, but it should be on the mellower melodic side. Yesterday Is Tomorrow contains synthesizer interpretations of Yes songs.

 


Carboneids (Denmark)

A Journey To Planet Elektra (1998)
...And Dark Nights (2004) (recorded in 1999 - 2001)
Synthsyg (2005)
...And Dark Nights II (2007) (recorded in 1999 - 2001)
Anthems
To the Twilight Vol. 1 (2012) (EP)

A band led by Bjorn Jeppesen aka Nattefrost and Claus Holm Lynglund. They describe their music as "electronic future music with vintage synths and vocoders". The sound is sometimes a bit similar to Kraftwerk.

See also: Nattefrost, Jeppesen, Bjørn, Zone 99.

 


Carel, Sylvain (France)

Look Over the Nile (1982)
Caravansary (2012)
Time And Tide (2012)
Aroma (2013)
Heritage (2015)
Salammbô (2016)
Semiramis (2017)

Sylvain Carel (not Carrel). The 1982 LP is an obscure album with floating and melodic Electronic Music. The "comeback" release from 2012 is a fusion of electronics and World Music.

 


Carey, Tony (USA)

No Human (1982)
Yellow Power (1982)
Explorer (1982)
Heaven (1982)

These are disco-like electronic albums with rock flair from ex Rainbow keyboard player Tony Carey (also known for his Planet P Project). I listed him under "USA" although these albums were produced, performed and engineered in Germany by Peter Hauke. The latter released these works in 1982 without Carey's consent.

 


Carga Aérea (Portugal)

Ocorrência em Aberto (2017)

Drone Ambient with some cosmic synth sections.

 


Cargo (Poland)

Armageddon (1996)

Melodic music.

 


Carlo Maria (Italy)

Subject To Drift (2016)

Carlo Maria Amadio is an electronic composer who studied at the "G.B. Martini" Conservatory in Bologna and recorded in the EMS studios of Stockholm. Subject To Drift is a study in repetition made with a Roland TB303, Roland TR606 and computer processing. It will be enjoyed by fans of the sequencer and minimalism.

 


Carlos, Wendy (USA)

Switched On Bach (1968)
The Well-Tempered Synthesizer (1969)
Switched On Bach II (1971)
A Clockwork Orange (1972) (soundtrack)
Sonic Seasonings (1972)
By Request (1972)
Switched On Brandenburgs Vol.1 (1979)
Switched On Brandenburgs Vol.2 (1979)
The Shining (1980) (soundtrack)
Tron (1982) (soundtrack)
Digital Moonscapes (1984)
Beauty In the Beast (1986)
Land of the Midnight Sun (1986)
Secrets of Synthesis (1987)
Switched On Bach 2000 (1992)
Tales of Heaven And Hell (1998)
Switched On Boxed Set (1999)
Rediscovering the Lost Scores (2005) (recorded in 1972 - 1998)

Walter Carlos (later Wendy) propelled the moog synthesizer to the public with her revolutionary Switched On Bach which became the best-selling classical record of all times. After that many moog records popped up, almost every label had to have one. In the mid Seventies, Carlos disappeared from the scene and after he reappeared it was clear why he had been away. He was now woman, due to the gender reassignment operation he took. After that she produced many notable works such as Digital Moonscapes and Beauty In the Beast. Carlos composed scores for movies like Kubrickís A Clockwork Orange and The Shining, among others.

 


Carlson, Matt (USA)

Stereo Face (2009)
Particle Language (2011)
Gecko Dream Levels (2011)
Late But Serious (2011)
All Moments (2012)
The Phantom Words of Explicit Memory / I Can't Find My Body (2013) (with Jason E. Anderson)
Certainty (2013)
A Conscious Decision / Death of a Solipsist (2015) (S)
Akash (2016) (with Michael Stirling and Doug Theriault)
The View From Nowhere (2016)

Portland-based synthesist who works in the analog domain, mostly with large modular synths. From experimental to mesmerizing / cosmic, with a bit of noise and sort of a Schnitzler aesthetic.

See also: Golden Retriever

 


Carmody, Mark (Canada)

Tuesday Wednesday (1987) (soundtrack)

Moody soundtrack to a New Brunswick feature film.

 


Carn Dûm (UK)

Dreams (1984)

A trio of Chris Jones (ex-Sea of Wires), Jonathan Spybey and Melanie Jones. The style is unknown at the moment.

See also: Jones, Chris

 


Carnaval de Los Poseídos (Argentina)

El Silencio del Mar (2010) (S)

Experimental electronic duo of Analia Soledad Bazán and Leonardo Piaggio. The whole reminds me a bit on 1960's electronic music, with theremin-like wails, obscure soundscapes and "Forbidden Planet"-like effects. The two musicians seem to be also involved in the Aureola Electrika project, although that one is much noisier and more experimental.

 


Carney, Jeff (USA)

Imperfect Space Journeys (1988)
Live Electronic Music (1989)

 


Caroline K (UK)

Now Wait For Last Year (1987)

Co-founder of Nocturnal Emissions (born in 1957, died in Italy, 2008). Interestingly, this solo album features an ambient side (one long track) and a more melodic side with music that for some reason reminds me on 1980's Mark Shreeve even, at least pieces like "Tracking with Close-Ups" do have that vibe to my ears. Not exactly Prog EM but definitely has that influence. File under EM-related.

 


Carpenter, Charles (USA)

A Cypher In Holes (1993)
Frog a la Peche (1994)
Splat (1996)
Preludes For Piano (1999)
Nocturne For Broadhill (2001)

A Cypher In Holes features highly energetic electronics with touches of progrock & a lot of percussion.

 


Carpenter, John (USA)

Dark Star (1974) (soundtrack)
Assault On Precinct 13 (1976) (soundtrack)
Halloween (1978) (soundtrack)
The Fog (1980) (soundtrack)
Escape From New York (1981) (soundtrack)
Die Klapperschlange (1981) (soundtrack)
Halloween II (1981) (soundtrack)
Halloween III (1982) (soundtrack)
Big Trouble In Little China (1986) (soundtrack)
Prince of Darkness (1987) (soundtrack)
They Live (1988) (soundtrack)
Christine (1989) (soundtrack)
Body Bags (1993) (soundtrack)
Lost Themes (2015)
Lost Themes II (2016)

John Carpenter was born in 1948 in New York, USA. When he was a child he saw movies like "It Came From Outer Space" (1953) and "Forbidden Planet" (1956) and decided that he wanted to be a film director. During the 70's he developed a unique style of electronic soundtrack music that incorporated repetitive minimalist analogue synthesizer phrases and mucho sequences. He wrote soundtracks for most of his films but on the bulk of the scores he collaborated with other synthesists. These were Dan Wyman (the 1970's) and Alan Howarth (the 1980's).

 


Carr, Jonathan James (USA)

Well Tempered Ignorance (2012)

Seattle-based artist who uses his analog synths to create some beautiful and floating as well as experimental sounds.

 


Carr, Wayne (Canada)

The Taurus Incident (1970)

Based on the presentation given in the MacMillan Planetarium in Vancouver, this rare LP includes a spoken lecture about the Crab Nebula with background (electronic) music by Wayne Carr.

 


Carrigan, Bryan (USA)

Windows (2012)
Inspired (2014)
Fall Into Winter (2015)

This electronic musician based in Los Angeles mainly composes stuff in downtempo style. However, he also did some purely ambient music that I'll try to list here.

 


Carst (Russia)

The Horizontal Gates (2015)
Cosmic Irracionalism (2015)

Dark soundscapes mainly in Black Space vein.

 


Carter, Chris (UK)

The Space Between (1980)
Caged (2000) (with Ian Boddy)

A member of Throbbing Gristle and a pioneer of industrial music, Chris Carter initially worked as a designer of visual / light shows for bands like Hawkwind and Yes. By the start of the 1970's, however, he turned to music and began giving solo performances with self-built synthesizers and keyboards (accompanied by his light shows of course). In the mid 1970's, Throbbing Gristle was formed together with Genesis P-Orridge, John Lacey and Cosey Fanni Tutti (legendary female musician, philosopher, artist, stripper and God knows what else). The Space Between is Chris' first solo LP and it gathers pieces recorded during the 1977 - 1980 period. Suprisingly, the music is rather easy-listening, compared to the crude experiments of Throbbing Gristle of the time. It features a lot of bright synth sounds and some sequences. At times it almost sounds like Jean-Michel Jarre! This album also presages the birth of synth-pop. One track has vocals and there are tracks that sound somewhat darker than the rest.

See also: CTI, Throbbing Gristle, Chris And Cosey.

 


Carter, Kim (UK)

The Proposal (2007)
Meditations (2008)

Intense, melodic Electronic Music.

 


Carty, Robert (USA)

Soulscape (1990)
Atmospheres (1991)
Natural Wonder (1992)
Skyhearts (1994)
Earth Ground (1995)
High Meditations (1996)
Sky Reaching (1996)
Horizonís Call (1996)
Spanish Spaces (1997)
Silent Dreams (1997)
Deep Spirit (1997)
Flowing (1997)
Life Rhythms (1997)
Spectrums (1997)
The Magical Life (1997)
Cleansing Fire (1997)
Earth Voice (1998)
Timeless (1998)
Light Dreaming (1998)
Essence (1998)
Darklight (1998)
Waterspirit (1998)
The Living (1998)
Source (1999)
Cloud Pull (1999)
Himalayan Dreams (1999)
Energy (1999)
Gaia Interludes (1999)
Moving Spaces (1999)
Microspirals (1999)
My Earth Touches Me (1999)
Plateaus of Ether (1999)
Breathing Peace (1999)
Gateway (1999)
Serotonin Ashram (2000)
The Inexplicable (2000)
Midnight Rainbows (2001)
Deep Sky (2001)
Dreaming Earth Water Memories (2002)
Climatic Infusion (2002) (with Brannan Lane)
Sonic Magic (2002)
Tonalities (2003)
Ethereal Deserts (2003)
Mount Meru (2004) (with Gerard Geary)
Oceanic Space (2005)
Dream Swirl (2006) (with Brannan Lane)
The Endless Vista (2007) (with Sylken)
Starlight Volume 1 (2008)
Starlight Volume 2 (2009)
Starlight Volume 3 (2010)
Paradise Earth (2011)
In Neptune's Wake (2013)

Relaxing and melodic music. Pleasant to listen to, especially at night or after a hard working day, but not always interesting musically. Robert Carty debuted in 1990 with Soulscape that had some melodic and poppish rhythmic tracks. However, on later works he turned to a more contemplative style of music. Robert is a diverse artist so check out something by him.

 


Carya Amara (UK)

Vestigial Digital (2001)
Tales of the Unattractive (2002) (recorded in 1980 - 1991)
Extinction Frequency (2002) (recorded in 1992 - 1996)
The Late Carya Amara (2011)
Sensitivity (2015)

Carya Amara is a project of Kevin Busby who has been experimenting with Electronic Music for some years now, keeping a low profile, with only a few releases to his credit, some of them archival. He is not always related to progressive EM, although he seems to always push the boundaries. His music can be either abstract and experimental or rhythmic / melodic. Sensitivity was recorded at the legendary EMS studio in Stockholm with a Buchla modular synth.

See also: Abominations of Yondo, Audio Space Research.

 


Casays, Francois (France)

Fondation (2000)

 


Case, Brian (USA)

Tense Nature (2016)

Guitarist of The 90 Day Men and member of a few other groups. Abstract, repetitive electronics.

 


Cask (UK)

Cask (2014)

Gentle ambient drones from Chris Gowers, Alex Smalley, Simon Bainton and Katie English.

See also: Smalley, Alex, Pausal, Olan Mill.

 


Casket (USA)

Dark Frequencies (2005)

Clinical Ambient / Death. Some listeners have compared this music to the works of Lustmord. Before Dark Frequencies, Casket had an album out in 2003, called The Autopsy Session. It was basically a noise album with a lengthy tutorial on the autopsy of humans, filled to the brim with various grating, metallic / processed sounds.

 


Cass. (Germany)

Orange Blossoms & Odd Paws (2012) (S)
Loops & Farewell Sketches (2013)
Live (2014)
Hiding Place (2014)
Schleißen 4 (2015) (with Potter Natalizia Zen)
Magical Magical (2015)
The Sound of Glades (2016) (with Wolf Müller)

Organic, semi-acoustic, lulling Ambient from Niklas Rehme-Schlüter (b. 1991).

 


Casse (Netherlands)

Synthirst (1983)
Synthemes (1983)
Too Far Away Places (1983)
Breakpoint (1983)
New Phase / New Face (1984)
The Sapphire (1984)
The Lotus Eater (1984)
The Fellowship of the Ring (1985)
The Two Towers (1986)
The Return of the King (1987)
Heartlands (1988)
Nightride (1989)
Trancesister (1991)
Lord of the Hawks (1993)
The Observations of Mr. Whatt (1996)

Casse is the same musician that would later become known as Kazz. These early cassette tapes are very rare and some of them were never officially released (the "Tolkien" trilogy of 1985 - 1987 albums was re-released on CD). They mostly consist of improvised Electronic Music, but there are some vocals here and there, and some other styles, too. For instance, Lord of the Hawks features space rock in the style of Hawkwind.

See also: Kazz

 


Cassiel (UK)

Listen / Move (1997)

Very diverse music by this Scottish project dedicated to live performance and composing scores for contemporary dance. Sometimes avant-garde, sometimes quite accessible. Cassiel is Nick Rothwell who, during the late Eighties, played with Glyn Lloyd-Jones for a short spell.

 


Castana (Norway)

Olvenion (2016)

Nice Ambient / Space Music.

See also: Warpness

 


Castle, Jeff Scott (USA)

Autumn Sky Passage (2010)

Ambient and Space Music with something of a new-agey flair.

 


Castro, Dolores (Spain)

Fifth Dimension (2005)

Melodic Electronic Music from this female musician with influences from Jarre, Vangelis and Oldfield.

 


Casual Strangers (USA)

Pink Panther (2016)

Austin-based unclassifiable space rock / psychedelic band. Pink Panther is their second release, which shows a strong electronic element. Most tracks here are pure EM in a wacky and unusual style.

 


Caswell, Sage (USA)

Sleep Quarters (2015) (S)
Hoop Earring (2016)
Nite Lite (2016)

Ambient. Other releases (not listed) lean towards house music.

 


Catafalco (Chile)

Catafalco (2015) (S)
That Which Is In the Afterworld (2015) (S)
Ma Yakmennu Fe Al A'alam Al Akhar (2016)

Part of the tracks here have black metal-style vocals / incantations, part is strange instrumental, mixing Ancient Egyptian atmosphere and cosmic synths.

 


Catalan Coast (Germany)

Catalan Coast (2016)

Minimal ambient synth compositions. Sometimes with a Brian Eno feel.

 


Catalin (Romania)

Pray For Time (1995)
First Breath (1999)

On AD label and if you know them, you already guess the style here. It's dangerously close to new age. Actually I've never heard the music, but I've heard enough from other people to completely lose my interest. I can recommend it, of course, that is, if you like this kind of sentimental Hollywood-styled stuff. But hardcore synthetic heads - better stay away from it.

 


Catena, Paolo (Italy)

Quadrimusicali (2012)
Quadrimusicali 2 (2013)
Quadrimusicali 3 (2014)
Quadrimusicali 4 (2014)
Quadrimusicali 5 (2014)
Quadrimusicali 6 (2015)
Quadrimusicali 7 (2015)
Quadrimusicali 8 (2015)
Quadrimusicali 9 (2015)
Quadrimusicali 10 (2015)
Quadrimusicali 11 (2016)
Quadrimusicali 12 (2016)
Quadrimusicali 13 - 14 (2016)
Skyward - Quadrimusicali 15 (2017)
Quadrimusicali 16 (2017)
Quadrimusicali 17 (2017)

Paul Chain with a series of experiments in Electronic Music and krautrock-related sound released under his real name.

See also: Chain, Paul

 


Catfish (Germany)

Transactor (1981)

Little-known LP of German Electronic Music played by H. Huppert (keys, vocoder, drum programming) and L. Viragh (keys, percussion synthesizer, drum programming, guitars).

 


Catharsis (France)

Cachemire (1975) (S)

French psychedelic / progressive rock band. Led by keyboardist Roland Bocquet, their music was always heavy on the keyboards and instead of having lyrics, they only had wordless vocalizations in their tracks, so essentially it's all instrumental. However, this single here goes further than that. Released under Catharsis name, it features a short track by Charles Eddi and a longer piece by Bocquet. I don't know what they were thinking, because it's all oriental synths and percussion, resulting in a kind of pioneering World Music sound. Further investigation is needed.

See also: Bocquet, Roland

 


Cathedrals of Sound (USA)

Ipomoea Violacea (2013)
Ayawaska (2013)
Ayawaska Sans Voice (2013) (EP)

Intense soundscapes from Chuck Daar, between Ambient and Space Music, with dark shades.

See also: Hexagram, Vapor State, A.V.P., Architectures, Return To Titan, Sky People, The.

 


Cathexis (USA)

Exempli Gratia (1997)

George Sarah and Dean De Benedictis. Apparently, the music is too techno for classic EM fan's taste.

See also: Benedictis, Dean De, Surface 10.

 


Caught In the Wake Forever (UK)

My Family Goes On Without Me (2014)
The Places Where I Worship You (2015)
Under Blankets (2017)

Scottish ambient artist Fraser McGowan. Not sure about his other albums as they may be more in a post-rock mould.

 


Caul (USA)

Epiphany / Fortunate (1994)
Whole (1994)
The Golden Section (1994)
Crucible (1996)
The Sound of Faith (1996)
Reliquary (1997)
Light From Many Lamps (1998)
Hidden (2001)
Muein (2002)
A Golden Epiphany (2002)
Swan (2003) (recorded in 1996 - 2001)
Inside the Hollow Realm (2004) (with Numina)
Sleep - Night - Death (2008) (with Kirchenkampf)
Kairos (2009)
Poustinia (2009) (EP)
Under A Thousand Miles of Stars (2010) (EP)
Heaven's In the Ground (2011) (EP)
Green Is the Night And Out of Madness Woven (2012) (EP)
Let the Stars Assume the Whole of Night (2012)
Liminality (2012)
Liminal (2013)
The Long Dust (2013)

Dark Ambient by Brett Smith.

See also: Tertium Non Data 

 


Caulfield, Chrissie (UK)

From the Carboniferous (2017)

Dark and noisy drones and brighter synthesizer soundscapes.

 


Caustic Reverie (USA)

Mute (2008)
Stochastic Resonance (2008)
Absent (2008)

Dark Ambient / drones from Florida. Caustic Reverie is Bryn Schurman.

 


Cavern of Anti-Matter (UK)

Blood-Music (2013)
Total Availability And the Private Future (2014) (S)
Interlude Music (2014)
Other Voices 06 (2015) (S)
Void Versions (2016) (S)
Void Beats / Invocation Trex (2016)
I'm the Unknown (2016) (S)
Blood-Drums (2017)

A band consisting of Holger Zapf, Joe Dilworth and Tim Gane (the latter two are ex-members of Stereolab). They seem to use a lot of analog synthesizers and love to weave complex and playful sequencer patterns.

 


Cazenave, Guillermo (Argentina)

Zodiac Music - Pisces (1984)
Zodiac Music - Aquarius (1987)
Spanish Impromptu (1994) (with Steven Halpern)
The Meadows of Englewood (1995) (with Anthony Phillips)
Aqui (1996)
Tower (1997) (with friends)
Hrajeme S Hami (1997)
Contando Lejanos Tiempos (1998) (recorded in ??)
Vivo Vien (1999) (recorded in 1986 - 1996)
Liah's Saga (2000)
N2/4 (??) 
Demos Le (2000) (recorded in ??)
Un Espacio Mas (2001) (recorded in ??)
Dos Espacios Mas (2002)
Era Buena (2002)
Duplex (2004) (with friends)
The Meditation Project Two: Second System Syndrome (2006)
Pack (2008)
Ser (2008)
GuitaRa (2009)

Guillermo Cazenave is a multi-intrumentalist who started composing "cosmic" music in the 1970's after moving to New York. His current output is somewhat comparable to Zinkl.

 


CC:Dome (USA)

Dome (1999) (EP)
Dream Furious (2000) (EP)

Waves of melodic synths and rhythms from Garrett Parks. On Cursor Club label.

See also: Crown Invisible, Fibilini, Giovanni.

 


Cecil, Malcolm (UK)

Radiance (1981)

Born in London in 1937, Malcolm Cecil is one half of TONTOís Expanding Head Band. Classic EM.

See also: TONTOís Expanding Head Band.

 


Ceely, Robert (USA)

Instrumental And Electronic Music (1975)

Late Boston-based avant-garde electroacoustic / electronic composer (passed away in January 2015). On this record Ceely is helped by Buell Neidlinger & Donald Palma (double bass) and Fred Sherry (cello). The album has two acoustic and three electronic tracks.

 


Cel (UK)

Fugitive Angle (2006)

Low-fi Drone Ambient.

 


Celebrate Music Synthesizer Group, The (USA)

The Celebrate Music Synthesizer Group (2013)

Electronic Music by Cameron Stallones (Sun Araw), M. Geddes Gengras, Butchy Fuego and Tony Lowe.

See also: Gengras, M. Geddes

 


Celer (USA)

White Prism (2004)
Ariill (2005)
Belsslsssll (2005)
Ceylon (2006)
Continents (2006)
Descender (2006)
Melodia (2006)
Sampling Pond (2006)
Sunlir / Scols (2006)
Tingshas (2006)
Ammonia (2007)
Canopy (2007) (S)
Cantus Libres (2007)
Dilue (2007)
Elias (2007) (S)
Neon (2007)
Para (2007)
Red Seals (2007)
Sadha (2007)
Sieline (2007)
Untitled (Frozen Loop) (2007) (S)
Voodoo Crowds (2007) (EP)
Cursory Asperces (2008)
Discourses of the Withered (2008)
I Love You So Much I Can't Even Title This (2008)
Mesoscaphe (2008) (with Mathieu Ruhlmann)
Nacreous Clouds (2008)
The Everything And the Nothing (2008)
Tropical (2008)
Breeze of Roses (2009)
Brittle (2009)
Capri (2009)
Close Proximity And the Unhindered Care-All (2009)
Compositions For Cassette (2009)
Engaged Touches (2009)
Fountain Glider (2009)
Four Pieces / One (2009) (S)
Four Pieces / Two (2009) (S)
Four Pieces / Three (2009) (S)
Four Pieces / Four (2009) (S)
In Escaping Lakes (2009)
Levitation And Breaking Points (2009)
Mane Blooms (2009) (S)
Poulaine (2009)
All At Once Is What Eternity Is (2010) (S)
Dwell In Posibility (2010)
Dying Star (2010)
GeneriŮ City (2010) (with Yui Onodera)
Hell Detoured (2010) (S)
Panoramic Dreams Bathed In Seldomness (2010)
Pockets of Wheat (2010) (recorded in 2007)
Rags of Contentment (2010)
The Die That's Caste (2010) (EP)
Weavings of A Rapid Disenchantment (2010) (S)
Honey Moon (2010)
Salvaged Violets (2010)
Ever, Irreplaceable Beauty (2011)
Menggayakan (2011)
Relief And Altruism (2011)
Tightrope (2012)
Dearest Ices (2012)
Perfectly Beneath Us (2012)
I, Anatomy (2012)
Hei / Sou (2012) (S) (with Machinefabriek)
In the Finger-Painted Fields of the Eyes (2012)
Emotion (2012)
Evaporate And Wonder (2012)
Lightness And Irresponsibility (2012)
Epicentral Examples of the More Or Less (2012)
Redness And Perplexity (2012)
Bliksem (2012)
Radish (2013)
Vain Shapes And Intricate Parapets (2013) (with Hakobune)
Diving Into the Plasma Pools (2013)
Viewpoint (2013)
Weak Ends (2013)
Nichibotsu (2013)
Climbing Formation (2013)
Voyeur (2014)
Zigzag (2014)
Sky Limits (2014)
Jima (2015)
How Could You Believe Me When I Said I Loved You When You Know I've Been A Liar All My Life (2015)
Compendium (2015) (with Machinefabriek)
Live At Ftarri, 3. 29. 14 (2015)
Akagi (2016)
Inside the Head of Gods (2016)
Two Days And One Night (2016)
Tempelhof (2016)
Background Curtain (2016) (with Dirk Serries)
Callisto (2016)
Alcoves (2017)
Another Blue Day (2017)
In the End You'll Just Disappear (2017)

Celer was a duo of husband and wife Will Long and Danielle Baquet-Long, which released a lot of Deep Ambient works that often strayed into Drone Ambient, musique concrete and even neo-classical structures. Their production ended in July, 2009 after Danielle's untimely death from heart failure. Some posthumous releases followed and Will Long seems to have revived the project, now being the only author or the music. Beautiful stuff that I can't help but recommend to all fans of Ambient.

See also: Rangefinder, Mogador, Chubby Wolf.

 


Celestial Ceiling (Iceland??)

Daughters of Atlas (2009)
The Discovery of Life On Mars (2010)

Rather indescribable music - smooth, ethereal and cosmic but with underlying soft rhythms and a mixture of celestial synths and guitar that somehow brings to mind Ashra at times, but also some classic Space Music artists.

 


Celestial Crypt (USA)

Long Nights (2015)
Cryptic Songs (2015)

Dungeon synth in the vein of early Mortiis, with some acoustic guitar, providing a bit of variety.

 


Celestial Latitude (Germany)

Flights (2015)

This duo from Germany creates spacey music that mixes guitar and interstellar electronics, like Ash Ra Temel and Klaus Schulze with the deepest Hawkwind vibes.

 


Celestial Odysseys (USA)

Galactic Odyssey (1983)

Space Music.

See also: Upper Astral

 


Cellular Structure (UK)

Solar Axis (2001)

Electronic Music with lots of sequences from ex-members of space rock bands Krel and Spacehead.

 


Celluloid (USA)

Mercury (1982)
Neptune (1983)
Jupiter (??)

Celluloid was an obscure one-man project of Charles (Chuck) Minuto with music made exclusively with a mellotron. Very interesting but sooo hard to find..

 


Cellutron And the Invisible (USA)

Reflecting On the First Watch We Uncover Treasure Buried For the Blind (1978)

Experimental electronics, abstract noise. Probably like Conrad Schnitzler or early Cluster. Recorded in Vermont at the Green Mountain studios by Robert S. Greely. 

 


Celuque, Carlo (Brazil)

Cyber Love (2013)

Synthesist and electronic composer from Salvador. He composes music in classic EM style with some new age influences.

 


Cenote Glow (USA)

Anza-Borrego (2012) (S)
Palmetto Rose (2013) (S)
Musa Paradisiaca (2014)
Island of Enchantment (2016) (S)

Warm ambient sounds from Franklin Teagle (Afterlife).

See also: Afterlife

 


Centaure (France)

L'Erreur (1981)

Obscure band with Serge Folie on keyboards and Didier Paquette on drums, plus bass and guitar. So, a standard prog rock fare, it seems. However, I have some reasons to believe the music to be EM-related. The first side is soundtrack music.

See also: Folie, Serge, Paquette, Didier.

 


Central Europe Performance (Germany)

Breakfast In the Ruins (1989)
Tour 90 (??)

Later incarnation of You together with Harald Grosskopf.

See also: You, Grosskopf, Harald.

 


Central Industrial (USA)

Tuned To A Dead Channel (2013)
Flaring Blue In A Timeless Space (2016)

Brooding, post-apocalyptic / cyberpunk / dystopian ambience with slow, echoing rhythms.

 


Centrala (Poland)

Księga Przemian (1997)

 


Centre Électronique Muusa (Estonia)

Centre Électronique Muusa (2016)
An Evening With Muusa (2017)
Centre Électronique Muusa ja Ganj Wald (2017) (with Ganj Wald)

Electronic duo from Tallinn with a quirky, analog style. Allusions to 1960's and 1970's Electronic Music are abundant (from Jean-Jacques Perrey to Cluster) but overall it's rather unique and nice stuff.

 


Centric Jones (USA)

Phase Rotator Retard (2002)
Foreign Tea (2009)
The Antikythera Method (2012)

Another project of Chris Fournier (Fonya). Same style as Fonya on the first album, with vocals on two cuts.

See also: Fonya, Project Moonbeam.

 


Centrozoon (Germany)

Blast (2000)
Sun Lounge Debris (2001)
The Divine Beast (2001)
Centrophil (2002) (S)
The Cult of: Bibbiboo (2002)
The Scent of Crash And Burn (2003)
Never Trust the Way You Are (2005)
Angel Liquor (2006)
Lovefield (2007)
Never Trust the Things They Do (2007)
The Room of Plenty (2014) (recorded in 2011)

Ambient music by Markus Reuter and Bernhard Wöstheinrich. Blast was released on DiN label. I have The Cult of: Bibbiboo which is pretty interesting. Actually, I don't even know what to make of this music. I hear echoes of Fripp & Eno from time to time. But the whole reminds me more of an old project released on IC label back in early 90's: Art Forland. It has the same abstract Ambient feel, sometimes using similar sounds, but with Reuter's guitar layered on top. It's neither avant-garde, nor usual Ambient stuff, it's something in between, but closer to the latter. I should mention that a fair amount of experimentation is involved as well. The title-track is a true jaw-dropper as it sounds like a thorough gabber workout, with frenetic distorted beat hammering itself on top of background ambient atmospheres. If you want something different, and I mean really different, try this.

See also: Reuter, Markus, Show of Exaggeration, The Redundant Rocker, Wöstheinrich, Bernhard.

 


Century's End (UK)

Gemini Dawn (1992)
Solaris (1993)
Search (1994)

If you like Jean-Michel Jarre and Tangerine Dream, then this is for you. Rippling sequences, hypnotic atmospheres and "Dr. Who" ambiences - it's all there with a few extras. Diverse EM that clearly shows its influences. Century's End was a project of Greg Moffitt from Northern Ireland.

 


Ceramic Hello (Canada)

The Absence of A Canary (1981)

A minimal synth outfit of Brett Wickens (from Spoons) that for its first and only LP recruited Roger Humphreys to compose bridging short instrumentals between Brett's longer tracks that are half-vocal (John Foxx style) and half instrumental.

 


Cerebral Hemorrhage (USA)

Other Worlds (1981)
Sticks And Stars (1983)
Back In 1984 (1984)

For fans of early Cluster and "Forbidden Planet" soundtrack.

 


Ceremony For Luna (USA)

Impulse (2016) (S)

Slow synthetic pulses and dark ambiences. Music influenced by 1980's horror scores from Madyson Boe Meskimen.

 


Ceremony of Innocence (international)

Ceremony of Innocence (2008)

A "supergroup" featuring Mark Jenkins, David Vorhaus, Arthur Brown and Alquimia.

See also: Jenkins, Mark, White Noise, Vorhaus, Dave, Brown, Arthur, Alquimia.

 


Cernota, Johannes (Germany)

Air Sculpture (1992)

Johannes Cernota is a composer, concert pianist and painter. Atmospheric, dark and repetitive music. He has a couple of other (non-electronic, I think) albums released.

 


Cernunnos Woods (USA)

Tears of the Weeping Willow (1994)
Lost Woods (1994)
Awaken the Empire of Dark Wood (1995)
Immrama (1996)
Forest Anthology (2016)

Dark Ambient, probably in Ritual vein.

 


Cerrone (France)

Supernature (1977)

This famous disco producer can hardly be considered EM, and just before you start wondering as to what the heck he is doing in EEM, I suggest that you re-listen to "In the Smoke" from Supernature. Ok, including an artist because of one track might seem like a dubious choice but some might think otherwise, so there you go, the Cerrone entry. :-)

 


Cerulean (UK)

This Level, Earth (1999)
Ectoplasm (2002)

Cerulean is Tim Darbyshire (Head Space Technology) and Dave Barker (Asana) working together, so if you know these artists, you already can guess the style represented here. Very energetic rhythmic Electronic Music in New Berlin School vein with lots of sequences and cool synthetic drive. Very good, actually.

See also: Head Space Technology, Asana.

 


Cerullo, Victor (Italy)

Ludus (1998)
Loneflyer (2000)
Visions - A Homage To Andrei Tarkovski (2002)

Jarre / Vangelis inspired electronics. Very melodic, sometimes more atmospheric. What Iíve heard so far was good and nevertheless not very convincing for me, but then itís probably just me, Iím sure many people will like this music. Visions, released on Electroshock label, is completely different in style to his previous albums and contains very subtle and beautiful ambient electronics.

 


Cervetti, Sergio (Uruguay)

The Hay Wain (1987)

Sergio Cervetti was born in 1940 in Uruguay and now lives & works in the USA. He is mainly a classical / orchestral composer but The Hay Wain features Electronic Music.

 


Cétieu (Poland)

Ceiling Stories (2014)
Into the Light (2015) (S)

Tekla Mrozowicka from Gdynia is a versatile artist who mostly works in the domain of Ambient and its subgenres. Apart from the above listed works, there are also a lot of download-only releases. The cassette Ceiling Stories features moody and a bit melancholic, droning ambient compositions, while on Into the Light there is a shift towards piano-based sound which approximates the territory of Classic Ambient. She also works as "técieu" in a noisier mould.

 


CFCF (Canada)

Continent (2009)
The River (2010) (EP)
Cometrue (2011) (S)
Exercises (2012)
Outside (2013)
Music For Objects (2013)
Radiance And Submission (2015)
Head Up (2015) (EP)
The Colours of Life (2015)
On Vacation (2016)
Cascades (2017) (with Jean-Michel Blais)

CFCF is Montreal-based Michael Silver who makes music mostly within the 1980's - early 1990's "balearic" idiom, which means chilly, relaxing, easy-listening rhythmic music. I was hesitant to include him in EEM. However, some of his material shows a strong EM influence. Of special interest is Exercises, which contains a lot of piano meets synth music that is very EM at its core. The rest seems to be hit-and-miss.

 


Chabot, Jacques (Canada)

Musique Pour Un Monde Trop Fragmente (2001)
Mad Music (2007)

Canadian synthesist born in 1966 in Quebec. He composes Electronic Music since the 80's. In 2003 he signed to David Girard's Inorchestral label. His album from 2007 is quite experimental in style.

 


Chain, Paul (Italy)

Opera 4th (1987)
Violet Art of Improvisation (1989)
Opera Decima - The World of the End (1990)

Dies Irae (1994)

Cosmic Wind (1999)
Master of All Times (2001)
Relative Tapes (2002) (recorded in 1980 - 1994)
Electronic Music For Videoart (2009)

Italian guitarist, hard rock / metal musician and experimentator whose real name is Paolo Catena. Opera 4th is split between doomy ambient electronics and his more typical doom metal sound. Opera Decima drifts further in the direction of minimal gloomy atmospherics. The same can be said about Dies Irae which contains quite dark and doomy electronics. Cosmic Wind is intense EM / space rock influenced by Klaus Schulze and Hawkwind, while Master of All Times takes things to stranger realms, adding rocking drums on top of the hallucinogenic atmospheres. He has many more albums, most of which have nothing to do with EM and contain hard improvisational blues / metal music or doom metal.

See also: Catena, Paolo

 


Chalk, Andrew (UK)

Crescent (1986)
Harvest (1988)
Tahta Tarla (1993) (recorded in 1987 - 1988) (with Giancarlo Toniutti)
East of the Sun (1994)
Sumac (1997) (with Jonathan Coleclough)
Yang-Tul (1999) (with Ralf Wehowshy and Eric Lanzilotta)
Over the Edges (1999)
Minya (2000) (with Jonathan Coleclough and Colin Potter)
The Days After (2003) (with Daisuke Suzuki)
This Growing Clearing (2004) (with Brendan Walls)
Fall In the Wake of A Flawless Landscape (2004)
Shadows From the Album Skies (2004)
Senshu (2005) (with Daisuke Suzuki)
The River That Flows Into the Sands (2005)
Vega (2005)
Blue Eyes of the March (2006)
Goldfall (2006)
The River That Flows Into the Sands II (2006)
The Days After (2007) (with Daisuke Suzuki)
Time of Hayfield (2007)
The Shadows Go Their Own Way (2009) (with Daisuke Suzuki)
Pine (??)
In Faxfleet Clouds Uplifted Autumn Grave Passage To Kind Nature (2009) (S) (with Daisuke Suzuki)
Nakhodka (2009)
The Cable House (2009)
Violin By Night (2011)
Forty-Nine Views In Rapsodies' Wave Serene (2012)
Flower of Six (2013) (S)
Wild Flowers (2013) (with Tom James Scott)
Painted Screens (2014)
A Paper Doll's Whisper of Spring (2014) (with Vikki Jackman and Jean-Nöel Rebilly)
Ghosts of Nakhodka (2014)
The Circle of Days (2014)
Vega (2014)
Bright Rivers Run / Shimmer In the Sun (2015) (S)
A Light At the Edge of the World (2015)
Calluna (2015) (with Tom James Scott)
The Shadows Go Their Own Way (2015) (with Daisuke Suzuki)
Higan / Kanashiki Haibun (2016)
Everyone Goes Home When the Sun Sets (2016)

Andrew Chalk has been active on the ambient scene since 1985. He has collaborated with a lot of likeminded musicians over the years. His own works lean towards Drone Ambient, pretty dark and hypnotic. Andrew Chalk is also known for his participation in Ora.

See also: Ora, Mirror, Marsfield.

 


Challoner, Peter (UK)

Music For Cloud Watching (2002)
Music In Ambient Motion (2003)
Music In Suspended Animation (2004)
The Other Side of Time (2004)
Abstract Ambient Form (2005)
Interpolation (2007)
Beneath the Ice Flow (2007)
Lunar Tide (2008)
Deconstructing Silence (2009)
Indefinate Duration (2010)
Ambient Archive (2010) (recorded in 2002 - 2010)
Optimum (2012)
More Than Can Be Heard (2012)
Landscapes_Inception (2013)
Livescape_2 Alternating Frequencies (2014)
Live At Awakenings 26.04.14 (2014)
Optimum (2015)
Livescapes_3 Sono Luminarium (2015)
Livescapes_4 Live At City Arts Nottingham (2015)

Ambient synthesist with two albums released on British Council of Nine Records. He is also known doing more rhythmical and melodic music under 'Dieter Ettlinger' and 'Asymmetric' pseudonyms.

See also: Ettlinger, Dieter, Asymmetric, Spiraleye.

 


Chambers, Norm (USA)

Sensory Margin (2014)
Cede (2015)

Norm Chambers is also known as Panabrite.

See also: Panabrite, Müller, Jürgen, Spiral Index, Soft Mirage Water Bureau.

 


Champion, Simon (Austria??)

Campfires And Dreamtime (1992)

 


Chan, Charlie (Australia)

Female keyboadist (real name - Charlie Sook Kim Chan) whose music is on the World Music / ethnic side of things. She has many albums but I am not sure how much "EM" there is in her material. Charlie Chan composed a lot of music for TV and film soundtracks.

 


Chandeliers (USA)

The Thrush (2008)
Unheard Intensities / Time Drive (2012) (S)
Founding Fathers (2012)
Lemur (2013) (S)

Chicago-based band that mixes funk, disco, balearic and a dash of kraut, all done on synthesizers. They are only very marginally progressive, most of the time opting for a mainstream rhythmic pop sound, with Founding Fathers being the more interesting of the two, i.e. containing more atmospheric and purely EM moments. File under EM-related. There is a third album called Dirty Moves, supposedly containing short, rhythmic, collage-like tracks.

 


Chandeliers (USA)

Artifacts (2015)

Completely different project to the previous one. This is one-man ambient venture from Deitroit. Deep sound.

 


Chandler, Geoffrey (USA)

Starscapes (1980)

Cosmic Electronic Music.

 


Chang, Gary (USA)

Firewalker (1986) (soundtrack)

Electronic soundtrack to a film starring Chuck Norris and Loun Gosset. There is also a very nice electronic track by this composer (born in 1953 in Minneapolis) on the 1987 "Soul of the Machine" sampler from Windham Hill label. This track seems to be unique to this release and is done in pure Tangerine Dream soundtrack style circa 1986 - 1987. After his early synth-based phase, Gary Chang seems to have moved completely to traditional (i.e. orchestral) scores.

 


Changing Images (Germany)

Bal Macabre (1984)
Embrace (1986)
Return of the Magician (1987)
Between (1989)
The Castle (1991)
Virtuality (1991)
The Art of Dreaming (1997)
S.E.T.I. (1999)

German duo of Martin Kornberger and Volker Kuhn. They have produced several cassettes since 1982. The music is probably a blend of symphonic electronics and Berlin School sound.

See also: Kornberger, Martin

 


Channelers (USA)

They Are Cloaked In Stars And Rivers (2015)
Essex (2016)
Space Makes Clearing (2016)
Faces of Love (2017)
Slow Leaf Spell (2017)

Floating ambient synths with acoustic touches from Sean Conrad.

 


Channeling (USA)

Channeling (2016)
Bluffs (2017) (S)

Andrew Osterhoudt's ambient drone project. Intense, melodic, at times a bit noisy.

 


Chantereau, Marc (France)

Operation Hypnosis (1980) (with Pierre Alain Dahan)
Synthesis 1 (1980) (with Pierre Alain Dahan)
Synthesis 2 (1980) (with Pierre Alain Dahan)

Electronic library music by these musicians of Arpadys and Voyage fame.

 


Chantler, John (Australia??)

The Place Between Here And (2000)
Just Like Music (2001) (S)
Monoke (2003)
Locked In Hands (2004)
Three Sides of Sadness (2006)
U (2008) (with Tujiko Noriko and Lawrence English)
The Luminous Ground (2011)
Automatic Music (2011)
Even Clean Hands Damage the Work (2014)
Autmatic Music, Volume II (2014)
Still Light, Outside (2015)
Which Way To Leave? (2016)

Electronic and electro-acoustic artist who lived and worked in Australia, Japan, Sweden and the UK. He is also an organ player. Later works are modular synth workouts (some recorded in Stockholm's EMS studio) that will appeal to fans of the experimental end of the EM spectrum.

 


Chaos As Shelter (Israel)

Next Year In New Jerusalem (1999)
Devil's Brothers (2000)
In the Shelter of Chaos (2000)
Midnight Prayer / Illusion (2001)
One (2001)
In Absentia (2002)
Locust Wind (2002)
Maelstrom (2002)
Dead Air Broadcasts (2003)
Ingathering of Exiles (2003) (with Tidal and Igor Krutogolov)
Live In New Jerusalem (2003)
The Geometry of Soul (2003)
Lapis (2004)
Mirror (2004)
Dawn Syndrome (2005)
Heavenly Letter (2005)
Waves (2005)

Dark Ambient from Vadim Gusis, often bordering on electroacoustic music.

 


Chapelle, Rupert Randall (USA)

Ozone Music (1978)
Jobs For America (1982) (with Arthur Harrison)
Know Control (1989) (with Arthur Harrison) 

In the late 70's Chapelle used to give live synthesizer shows that unfortunately didn't have much success. He mainly played music not unlike stuff heard at the concerts of Tangerine Dream and Klaus Schulze back then. Ozone Music is reportedly in Synergy / TD / KS vein. Chapelle uses ARP 2600, ARP Odyssey, ARP string synth, Octave Cat and custom made Arthur Harrison Sequencer.

 


Char-El (USA)

Worlds Without End (1996)
Heaven And Earth (2000)
Resurrection (2009)

Melodic and emotional music by Charles Thaxton from the USA. A mix of space electronics and progressive / new age.

See also: Voyager

 


Charcoal Ed (USA)

Charcoal Ed (1999)
The Iconoclast (2000)
Trinary (2002)

Charcoal Ed is the musical project of Reid Wilson, from Arizona. Diverse electronic compositions, but mostly in Berlin School vein.

 


Charlatan (USA)

Destinations (2009) (S)
Equinox (2009) (S)
Hamptons (2009) (S)
Masquerades (2009)
Exercises (2010) (S)
Romances (2010)
Automatics (2010) (S)
Holograms (2010) (S)
Triangles (2011)
Meridians (2011)
Voyagers (2011)
Charlatan Meets The North Sea (2012) (recorded in 2001) (with The North Sea)
Isolatarium (2013)
Night Circus (2013)
Local Agent (2014)
Dead Drop (2014)

Ambient artist Brad Rose with a few cassette releases to his credit.

See also: Rose, Brad E.

 


Charles, Michael (USA)

Hide From the Night / Deadline (??) (S) (with The Boztones)

Split single (released circa 1984 - 1985, I think) with the B side occupied by a rhythmic, melodic electronic composition made by Michael Garrison under a pseudonym. Only for MG completists.

See also: Garrison, Michael

 


Charlton, Steve (UK)

Haven (1992)
A Far Sunrise (1993) (recorded in 1986 - 1992)

On Electronical Dreams. The style is most likely a blend of melodic / rhythmic and ambient elements.

 


Charlz-010 (Australia)

Red Blue Green (1978) (S)

Mojo from Rainbow Generator and Michael Flynn. The above release is a little 7" record released in 1978. 

See also: Mojo, Rainbow Generator, Krozier And the Generator, Voodoo Chile, Digital Dreaming.

 


Chasms (USA)

Silicone Islands (2011) (S)
Octahedrite (2011) (S)
The Science of Consciousness (2012)
Alien Big Cats (2012)

Synthesizer based Ambient. Droning sound with variations, melodic parts etc. A project of Cory Kirkendall.

 


Chatton, Brian (UK)

Vapour Trails (1980)
Streetside (1983)
Spellbound (1989)

Famous keyboardist who played with Yes, Flaming Youth, Snafu, John Miles & more. Vapour Trails and Streetside are library albums.

 


Chatwin, Ben (UK)

The Sleeper Awakes (2015)
Heat & Entropy (2016)

Scottish artist who previously recorded guitar-based, semi-acoustic drone / post-rock / experimental / whatever music as Talvihorros. On Heat & Entropy there is an extensive use of electronics, mixed with acoustic instruments like marimbas, strings, etc. Slowly building, climatic tracks at the intersection of post-rock and Prog EM / Ambient.

 


Chaucerian Myth (USA)

The Canterbury Tales (2016)
The Book of Margery Kempe (2017)

A massive, 4-cassette set from this dungeon synth project. The cycle seems to be composed of tracks recorded over a period of time, with some of them featuring digital (or general MIDI) imitations of classical instruments (typical of the genre), while others seem to be performed on analog synthesizers, which makes the album different and briefly interesting, with its weird Wendy Carlos touch. However, given the length and the general lack of variety, this album makes me go yawn.

 


Chavira, Ryan (USA)

Waves For Daze (2015)
Glow Rider (2017)

Tucson-based ambient soundscape artist.

 


Chef Menteur (USA)

East of the Sun & West of the Moon (2012)

Varied space rock / psychedelic rock band from New Orleans. There are many influences and sometimes they also seem to make forays into electronic sound. Case in point is the long "Ganymede" off this album above, with droning cosmic synths and layered frippertronics. File under EM-related. Further investigation is needed.

 


Cheiron (Germany)

Klangberge (1995)
Phantasma (1996)

Cheiron is Dirk Radtke. Very versatile music, but often in the classical style. Sometimes with ethnic instruments, i.e. flutes, etc. Not really interesting as far as I'm concerned.

See also: Radtke, Dirk

 


Chekalin, Mikhail (Russia)

Meditative Music For the Decomposed Electro Organ I (1982)
Meditative Music For the Decomposed Electro Organ II (1982)
Meditative Music For the Decomposed Electro Organ III (1983)
Vocalise In Rapide (1985)
Practical Music Making I (1985) (recorded in 1982 - 1985)
Between Spring And Autumn By Stealth (1986)
Practical Music Making II (1987) (recorded in 1984 - 1987)
Border States (1988)
Post Pop - Non Pop (1988) (recorded in 1984 - 1987)
Introduction Into Intuition (1989)
Concerto Grosso No.1 (1989)
Concerto Grosso No.2 (1989)
Russian Mystery (1989)
The Symphony Phonogram (1989) (recorded in 1981 - 1989)
Green Symphony / The Ritual of Night For Voices (1991) (recorded in 1988 and 1984)
Film Music I (1991)
Double Album With the Symphony In New Age Style I (1992)
Double Album With the Symphony In New Age Style II (1992)
Album With A Symphony (1992)
Night Pulsation (1993)
Porcelain God (1994)
Nonconformist (1995)
Analog Magic (1997) (recorded in 1979 - 1989)
Avoid the Desire For Cutting And Piercing Objects (1998)
Romantic Vampires (1999)
Concerto Grosso No.1 / Dissonata / Pagan Vocalise (2000) (recorded in 1989, 1990 and 1992)
Concerto Grosso No.2 Bonus Tracks (2001)
Probability Symphony In the Style of Jazz In Five Parts For Four Players (2001)
Last Seasons / Black Square (2001) (recorded in 1998 and 1996)
Saturn. Izdelije #... (2002)
FortePIANO (2002)
Poruganie Patsifika (2007)
Untimely (2007)
Paradigm Transition (2007)
Catharsis (2010)
MonoOpera (2014)
PostAmbientSymphony (2014) (recorded in 1990 - 2014)
Mahavox Symphony (2015)

Russian electronic composer. Chekalin (born in 1959) was very important in the development of Russian synthesizer music and his works span a wide range of styles. He appeared on the scene, or, rather, he appeared in Russian electronic underground in the 1970's. He was one of the first to realize the huge potential of synthesizers and other electronic keyboards. His early work mostly consisted of studio improvisations and live performances for small audiences, not counting playing keyboards with the hugely popular (at the time) band "Samotsvety". His setup often consisted of just the electric organ and some processing devices. He also embraced the first wave of analogue and digital synthesizers. Mikhail Chekalin never followed any fashions or trends and his early attempts in the EM field went largely unnoticed by the official music circles and the state. Despite this, the fact is that he was one of the few electronic musicians who were lucky enough to release their music on the state controlled Melodiya label and to be able to compose for the most prestigeous theatres, movie studios and planetariums. Some of his back catalogue was later re-released on CD. However, Mikhail Chekalin was, and to a certain degree, still is a "Moscow recluse", as he is called sometimes. On the other hand, the reputation of a loner gives him more freedom to do whatever he likes to. His works are very diverse stylistically. Mikhail is often compared with Klaus Schulze, but his music is slightly more avant-garde. His early organ experiments, however, will likely be enjoyed by fans of Irrlicht-era Klaus.

 


Chemin, Claude (France)

Esthesies (1993)

Space Music.

 


Cherniavsky, Igor (Russia)

Zavtra Budet Vchera (1988)
Gone (1993)

Synthesist, who, starting from 1982, has been residing in Poland. The Polish spelling of his name is Igor Czerniawski. Atmospheric electronics with a slight industrial vibe. He is also member of Polish group Aya RL that nowadays is known for its Deep Forest-like ethno-pop music.

 


Cheryl Charles Duo, The (UK)

Rhapsody (1980)

Weird stuff here. Privately pressed LP by this "cabaret" duo where the instrumentation is almost completely electronic. They are not progressive most of the time and do covers of well known film / radio tunes (from "Star Wars" and "Doctor Who") which are actually not bad (albeit expectedly cheesy) and are thankfully instrumental. Vocal covers of pop songs provide the most cringeworthy moments of the entire LP. There are also original tunes that range from the already mentioned horrible vocal pop style to a nice synth instrumental "Interstellar Rhapsody" which is the dog's bollocks. File under EM-related.

 


Chesumasuta (Japan)

I Am Chesumasuta (2016)

Vaporwave / cyperpunk project which is mostly known under its Japanese name チェスマスター. Some tracks on the above album have strong EM flair, like the opener and "Turn Me On" for example. File under EM-related.

 


Chevallier, Christian (France)

Atmosphere (1979)
Noels d'Hier et de Demain (1981)
Light Breeze (??) (with Alan Feanch)
Space Resonances (??) (with Alan Feanch)
Vous (??) (S)

Library synth music. Noels features Christmas carols mixed with synth sounds. Christian Chevallier died in 2008.

 


Chi (Netherlands)

Chi (1986)
No Tunafish On Neptune (1989)
The Original Recordings (1996) (recorded in 1985)
The Bamboo Recordings (2016)
The Kallikatsou Recordings (2017)

Hanyo van Oosterom's ambient project from the 1980's. The group included Michel Banabila, Koos Derwort, Willem Cramer and a few other musicians and guests.

See also: Oosterom, Hanyo van, Banabila, Michel.

 


Child, Anthony (UK)

Electronic Recordings From Maui Jungle Vol. 1 (2015)
You Have Already Surrendered Your Total Will (2016)
Behind the Lids (2016) (with Gnod)
Electronic Recordings From Maui Jungle Vol. 2 (2016)

Techno producer also known as Surgeon recorded this unusual album on the island of Maui, Hawaii, using field recordings and modular synthesizer. The music ranges from droning to sequencer-based.

 


Child of A Creek, The (Italy)

Hidden Tales And Other Lullabies (2014)

Instrumental album by Lorenzo Bracaloni who makes folk / psych / darkwave music. Nice atmospheric sound.

See also: Fallen

 


Chillage, Mick (Ireland)

Tales From the Igloo (2009)
Night Works (2011)
FAXology (2011)
Pixels (2014)
Reverie (2014)
Saudade (2014)
Pixels II (2015)
Pixels III (2015)
Infinite Perspectives (2015)
Night Works (2016)
(M)odes (2016)
Zen Diagrams (2016)
Deviazioni Cosmiche (2016) (with Lorenzo Montanà)
Paths (2016)
Exulansis (2017)

Diverse artist from Dublin whose real name is Michael Gainford. His music ranges from minimal techno to IDM, chill-out / downtempo and deep ambient soundscapes. This is not his full discography.

See also: Autumn of Communion, Architects of Existence.

 


Chilltopia (Germany)

Floating (2002)

Ambient soundscapes by Udo Berger.

 


Chioreanu, Costin (Romania)

There Is A Place Called Home (2016)

Music for an exhibition by this Romanian composer, guitarist and member of numerous bands. Sometimes sounds like a depressive jam session by Edgar Froese and Mike Oldfield in a dark cave.

 


Chipzel (UK)

Interstellaria (2017) (recorded in 2015) (soundtrack)

Chipzel is an alias of Niamh Houston - a chiptune artist from Northern Ireland (she is currently based in Liverpool). Interstellaria is a spacey and ethereal soundtrack with a strong Prog EM vibe and hints of everything, from Space Music to Ambient and rhythmic / melodic EM (I am reminded on Serrie, Software, Patrick Kosmos and more). Good stuff from a talented artist. Ok, some of the upbeat numbers are expectedly cheesy (sounding like 1990's trance music) but the slow / atmospheric stuff is the real cream. More in that style, please.

 


Chocholak, Michael (USA)

Skomorokhi (1985)
Das Devonian Tag (1986)
Subterranean Rage (1988)
Concho (1988) (with Conrad Schnitzler)
Date With Kali (1989)
Alveromancy (2008)
The Hadron Suite (2010) (with Ooy)
Segments (2012) (with Ooy)
Behind Doors of Water (2013) (S) (with Jan M. Iversen, Ole Christensen and Steven Cerio)
All Fires the Fire (??)

Oregon-based artist who's been making Electronic Music at least since the early 1980's. Originally a guitarist, nowadays he uses synthesizers, samples, field recordings, computers and other sound sources. He has a generally moody sound, sometimes in the vein of Dark Ambient, sometimes more melodic or rhythmic. Michael Chocholak collaborated with other experimental and electronic musicians, including Conrad Schnitzler.

 


Choco (Germany)

For Easy Listening (1985)
Bubbles In Your Brain? (1986)

Choco was one of several really obscure projects formed in the 1980's by Eloy members Detlev Schmidtchen and Manfred Wieczorke. The music is electronic. There are CDr versions of these but I've never seen any original vinyls... if they ever existed...

See also: Eloy, Schmidchen, Detlev, Wieczorke, Manfred.

 


Chollet, Jacotte (France)

Invisible Presence (1992)
Renaissance (1994)
Unite (1996)
Creation (2000)
Silent Night (2000)
Sky Dancing (2000)
High Spaces (2002)
Réconciliation (2008)

Electronic New Age with a few darker shades and strong Space Music / Ambient influences by this musician, filmmaker, painter, researcher and therapist. In the 1970's, Jacotte Chollet concentrated on making documentaries but she has been also experimenting with sound, since 1984.

 


Chorobik, Victor (Poland)

Distant Voices (1998)
Desert of Clouds (2000)

Vast sonicscapes somewhere between Steve Roach's material from his Tribal period, Suso Saiz and World Music.

 


Chris And Cosey (UK)

Heartbeat (1981)

Debut album by this legendary industrial duo was still very much informed by their krautrock peers Kraftwerk, and even had a bit of Tangerine Dream there, too ("Useless Information", among others, features great sequencing).

See also: CTI, Throbbing Gristle, Carter, Chris, Cosey Fanni Tutti.

 


Christian, Barry (UK)

Biosonic Domains (1989)

Synthesist with a fairly ambient sound on Direction Music.

See also: Magenta Mirror

 


Christian, John (UK)

Bohunt Sabotage (2006)
Susbarbatus (2009)
Sol Invictus (2015)

Solo Berlin School Electronic Music from Airsculpture member.

See also: Airsculpture, Cosmic Smokers.

 


Christiansen, Alan (Poland)

Fate And Coincidence (2008)

Ambient and gently rhythmic music from this synthesist. Alan Christiansen (born Krystian Firlik, 1977) is a Polish artist residing in Switzerland.

 


Chroma Key (USA)

Dead Air For Radios (1998)
You Go Now (2000)
Graveyard Mountain Home (2004)

The original Dream Theater keyboardist Kevin Moore with his own solo project. Mid-paced and calm electronics with sparse vocals.

 


Chrome Canyon (USA)

Elemental Themes (2012)

Big, grand orchestral synth themes by one Morgan Z, with flashy solos and fat rhythms. The influences are obvious: Vangelis and other 1980's film composers.

 


Chromosphere (Canada)

Spectral Omissions (2011)
Unknown Space (2016)

Music from the darker realms of Space from Toronto-based Kris Helstrom.

 


Chronicle (Japan)

Live At the Whiskey Au Go Go (1975)
Ima Wa Toki No Subete (1975)
Like A Message From the Stars (1977)

Offshoot from Far East Family Band and similar in style.

See also: Far East Family Band

 


Chronik, Hior (Greece)

Speechless (2009)
I'm A Tree (2010)
Unspoken Words (2011)
In-Between (2015) (with Arovane)
Taking the Veil (2015)
The First Ray (2015) (with Mikael Delta)
Into My Own (2017) (with Arovane)

Ambient artist heavily influenced by neo-classical music and often with a huge piano presence.

 


Chronos (Russia)

Steps To the Great Knowledge (2007)
Inspirational Power (2011)
When Mars Meets Venus (2012)
Helios (2013)
We Are One (2014)

Crossover psychedelic / downtempo / EM project by Moscow-based Nikita Klimenko. His slower, atmospheric tracks will be of interest to fans of Space Music and Ambient.

 


Chronotope Project (USA)

Chrysalis (2012)
Solar Winds (2012)
Event Horizon (2013)
Dharma Rain (2014)
Dawn Treader (2015)
Passages (2016)
Ovum (2017)

Ambient / Space Music from cellist and electronic composer Jeffrey Ericson Allen.

 


Chrysaldor (Belgium)

The Legend (2000)

Mixture of ambient washes and more rhythmic material which is very melodic.

 


Chrysopee (France)

Iseum (1996)

 


Chubby Wolf (USA)

L'Histoire (2009)
Meandering Pupa (2009) (S)
Ornitheology (2010)
Maudlin + Elusive (2011)
The Darker Sex (2011) (S)
Turkey Decoy (2011)
Los Que No Son Gentos (2011)
Seasick (2012)
The Lows; The Sows (2013)

Ambient drift from Danielle Baquet-Long (1982 - 2009) of Celer fame.

See also: Celer

 


Church Jr., Paul (USA)

Just Passing Through (1983)

Tranquil and at times disturbing EM.

 


Church of Hed (USA)

Church of Hed (2002)
Rivers of Asphalt (2010)
Electric Sepulcher (2015)

Solo project of ex-Quarkspace leader (and synthesist) Paul Williams, with some guests. The comparisons are, as expected, to Quarkspace, with also traces of Heldon in terms of the fatness of sound. I've also seen comparisons to early Tangerine Dream and even Vangelis at his most spacey.

See also: Quarkspace

 


Cian (USA)

Gemlux (2014)
Riparian (2015)
Strain Studies (2016)

Cian is New York-based artist and mathematician Kevin Altamirano, who uses mostly analog synthesis to create varied sonic sketches (both sequencer-based and abstract). His sound design is sometimes breathtakingly beautiful, although he seems to suffer from the same disease that a lot of newcomers to EM do - it's more form than substance. However, as the guy obviously has talent, chances are high that his soundscapes will develop into something more narrative or dramatic... if he chooses to take things in that direction. Anyway, fans of analog synthesis, take note.

 


Ciani, Suzanne (USA)

Voices of Packaged Souls (1970)
Seven Waves (1982)
Velocity of Love (1985)
Neverland (1988)
History of My Heart (1989)
Pianissimo (1990)
Hotel Luna (1991)
Dream Suite (1994)
Pianissimo II (1996)
A Very Green Christmas (1997)
Live! (1997) (with the Wave)
Turning (1999)
Pianissimo III (2002)
Silver Ship (2005)
Lixiviation (2012) (recorded in 1968 - 1985)
Logo Presentation Reels 1985 (2012)
Neotantrik (2014) (with Andy Votel, Sean Canty and Doug Shipton)
Liberator (2014) (S) (recorded in ??)
Neotantrik Globes (2015) (S) (with Jane Weaver, Andy Votel and Sean Canty)
Buchla Concerts 1975 (2016)
Sunergy (2016) (with Kaitlyn Aurelia Smith)
Fish Music (2017) (S)

American female musician and electronic pioneer. She started her career as a studio experimentator, working with Buchla modular systems mostly, providing jingles and soundtracks for American TV industry. Later she developed a style that was much closer to new age, sometimes dominated by piano or orchestra. Recommended for those who like romantic new age-like music. Velocity of Love is also a must for Vangelis completists, as he is featured on the album. Seven Waves is the most interesting work.

 


Ciber People (Netherlands)

The Return of the Ciber People (1993)

Dutch Ďcontinuationí of the original Italian ĎCyber Peopleí project with a slightly changed name. Space disco music in the vein of Laserdance and Koto.

 


Ciccotti, Marco (Italy)

Mistica Maxima (2016) (S)

This artist uses exotic and not so exotic analog gear by Buchla, Eurorack and more to create hypnotic, droning compositions.

 


Cidrón, Juan Manuel (Spain)

Sonido Para Acciones 1 (1989)
Sonido Para Acciones 2 (1991)
Sonido Para Acciones 3 (1993)
Tau (1997) (recorded in 1985 - 1997)
Inóx (2001)
Yaset (2005)
De La Sombra Y De La Espuma (2009)
Elecrodomestico (2010)
Gnostic Laberyntus (2012)
Patagon (2012)
Equilibrios en el Aire (2013)
Tránsito (2014)
Cariño (2015) (with Mynationshit)
Pneumático (2016)

This synthesist started in the 80's and has released several albums of Electronic Music since then. His music is a mix between his personal style, minimalism and Berlinesque influences.

 


Cieślik, Piotr (Poland)

Journey Into the Unknown (2016)

Rich, melodic EM with a symphonic / cinematic touch and some sequences.

 


Cilia, Luis (Portugal)

O Peso da Sombra (1980)
A Regra do Fogo (1988)
Bailados (1995)

Portuguese composer and singer-songwriter born in Angola in 1943. Starting from the late 1970's he incorporates keyboards and synthesizers into his music and experiments with electronics from time to time, also writing a lot of theater and TV scores during that time. O Peso da Sombra is an album dedicaed to the poetry of Eugenio de Andráre. It's a compilation of sorts, gathering songs with lyrics by Andráre. However, it closes with the long title track, which mostly an instrumental workout with synths handled by Cilia and Pedro Osório. There are also spoken word sections that do not distract from the dark synthesizer goodness. A Regra do Fogo collects some theater pieces from what I gather. These are predominantly electronic and done in a mostly relaxed, minimal style, with orchestral emulations (lots of typical 1980's "orchestral hit" samples). There's also acoustic guitar and sax and if you don't like the sax, then maybe it's not for you, as there's plenty of that here (2 of the 4 tracks have sax in spades). Bailados is another disc full of theater music, which is, if anything, even more clasically-oriented.

 


Cima, Alex (USA)

Cosmic Connection (1979)
Final Alley (1980)
Solid State (1986)
Heartrise (1990)

A pioneer of synthesizers, Alex Cima started in the 1970's, creating classic Electronic Music like Klaus Schulze. However, over the years his style has transformed a lot. I think his last instrumental album was Heartrise, and even that one sounds more like background muzak than real EM. You've been warned!

See also: Lem

 


Cimiotti, Paul (USA)

Research Vol. 1 (2014)

Varied new-agey, droney compositions from Paul "Cimiotti" Collins. Limited edition mono cassette. Farfisa, Moog Rogue, piano, guitar, etc.

 


Cimitero Senza Croci (Canada)

Trilogia di Gracie (2017)

Ambient project of Vince Wald inspired by and based on Spaghetti Western images and sounds. Trilogia di Gracie gathers previously released digital / download releases in a single CDR bundle.

 


Cindytalk (UK)

The Wind Is Strong (1990)
Hold Everything Dear (2011)
A Life Is Everywhere (2013)
The Labyrinth of the Straight Line (2016)

Ambient electronics combined with the sounds of nature. Cindytalk is a group consisting of Gordon Sharp, Matthew Kinnison and Paul Middleton. They have been around since the early 1980's, but I am not sure how much of their music could actually qualify for an inclusion in EEM.

 


Cinema (Germany)

Isolation (1985)
Once Upon A Time (??) (S)
The Magic Box (2013)
Loopings (2014)
The Discovering of Time (2017)

This project was formed in the 1980's by Jürgen Krutzsch who had previously played in progressive rock band Tibet. Here we get very accessible stuff with lots of cheese really - typical italo songs of the day. However, it's all mixed with instrumental material that is still very poppy and accessible but has a nice synth sound to it. The whole reminded me on Christian von Eschersheim's Sommernachtstraum, with a similar combination of melodic synths and real drums. File under EM-related. There seem to exist a couple of newer albums, too, released by Sireena Records. On these, he started incorporating melodic trance / downtempo sounds to his music. They are only very remotely (and only sporadically) progressive.

 


Cinematic 74 (USA)

Realtime Inverted (2016) (recorded in 2003 - 2015)

Nice ambient, atmospheric compositions from Brooks Mosher who normally produces various forms of techno music. The album even ends with a nice sequencer trip that is "Transition Point".

 


Cioccio, Paolo di (Italy)

Images (1999)
Logos (2002)
The Tarot of Tomorrow (2006)
The Planets (2007)
Evening Star (??)

Modern cosmic electronics by this oboe player and electronic composer. Paolo di Cioccio is mostly known in the classical circles. Some of his works contain electronic interpretations of classical pieces (The Planets). Paolo predominantly uses analogue synthesizers and, naturally, oboe.

See also: Theatrum Chemicum, Le Borg.

 


Circle (Finland)

Miljard (2006)
Tower (2007) (with Verde)
Panic (2007)
Rakkaus Tulessa (2011) (with Erkki Kurenniemi)
Giardino (2011) (recorded in 2007) (with Verde)
Enharmonic Intervals (2013) (with Mamiffer)
Pharaoh Overlord (2015)
Fraten (2017)
Terminal (2017)

One of the most diverse bands in the world, Circle (formed in 1991 in Pori) are often classified as space rock / psychedelic. However, that would be a huge understatement as in fact they combine everything from country rock to black metal, krautrock, heavy metal, hardcore punk, space rock, stoner rock and, yes, even progressive electronic, often in one single album! It is, therefore, a daunting task to decide once and for all, which of their albums (and there are quite a few of them) should be in EEM. At least I'll try to list those with a strong EM element here. Most of their works are a mixture of styles, though, such as Panic, which is half electronic soundscapes and half hardcore punk music (can you imagine such a combination?)

 


Circle of Confusion (Italy)

Tears (2002)
Synapse (2002)
The Fibonacci Sequence (2002)
Pythagorean (2002)
Intro<Navigation (2002)
Back2Proxima (2003)
The Fall On Earth (2003)
Three Stigmata (2003)

Ambient project of Carlo Alfano. From dark and deep soundscapes (mostly in Dark Space vein) to more rhythmic and ethnic-tinged material.

 


Circles (Germany)

Circles (1983)
More Circles (1984)
The Third Cycle (1986)
Structures (2016) (recorded in 1985 - 1989)

A duo of Dierk Leitert and Michael Bohrmann. Floating, atmospheric, krautrock-like mixture of guitar and electronics. Their albums were released on Dierk's own label Einhorn Music.

See also: Das Organisierte Chaos, Kofler & Leitert.

 


Circular (Germany)

Shaping the Unknown (2007)
Deep Space Illumination (2007) (with Inade)
Cycles of Remembrance (2010)
Radiating Perpetual Light (2013)

Pulsating analogue sounds and ambient atmospheres with dark shades from Johannes Riedel.

 


Circular (Norway)

Nanotopia (1997)
Divergent (1999)
Glass Darkly (2004)
Substans (2009)
Moon Pool (2014)

Ambient. Circular is a project of Dahl Gjelsvik from Neural Network. He is assisted by Bjarte Andreassen.

See also: Neural Network

 


Circular Ruins (Germany??)

North of the Sun (2015) (S)
The Thorned Maze (2017)

Not to be confused with the Canadian project of the same name (see below), this is Berlin-based Marijn Degenaar (his name sounds Dutch to me, so I am not sure where to put him). Kosmische analog synths galore. Some tracks are more ambient and minimal.

 


Circular Ruins, The (Canada)

Labyrinths (1999)
A Rope of Sand (2000)
Winter Foliage (2001)
Confluence (2002)
Realm of Possibility (2002)
Conjunction (2003)
Empathy Test (2003)
Land of the Blind (2004)
Alchemy Concert (2004)
Degrees of Separation (2005)
Their Subtle Purpose (2006)
We All Fall Down (2006) (with Off the Sky)
Shadows On Water (2007) (with Synthetic Block)
Falling Into the Sky (2007)
Before the Colors Deepened (2008)
Invisible Cities (2010)
We Leave Everything Behind (2011)
Fantastic Journey (2013) (with Mystified)
The Birth of Tragedy (2013)
Middle Distance (2014) (with Specta Ciera)
Full Circle (2014)
Nightfall (2015)
Mnemosyne (2016) (with Specta Ciera)
Pathways (2017)

Unique rhythmic / atmospheric electronics. The Circular Ruins is Canadian synthesist Anthony Paul Kerby.

See also: Kerby, Anthony Paul, Lammergeyer, Nunc Stans, Hive Project, The, Winterhouse, The.

 


Circulum Musicum (Germany)

Phases (2009)

Varied ambient soundscapes, sometimes experimental, sometimes atmospheric.

 


Circus Underwater (USA)

Circus Underwater (1984)

Hailing from Maryland, Circus Underwater was a duo of Jay Yarnall and Richard Sales and they released their only (eponymous) album in 1984. At 28 minutes, the album is very short and today would be considered an EP. The music is spacey and electronic, somewhat dreamy, and features programmed drums, frippoid guitars and at times strange vocals.

 


Ciria, J.M. (Spain)

Ylem (2002)
Mobilis In Mobili (2007)

Diverse electronics. Rhythmic, melodic, dark, brooding, everything is there. J.M. Ciria was a member of AT-Mooss in the past. He is also part of the group Programa.

See also: At-Mooss, Programa.

 


Cirino, Chuck (USA)

Chopping Mall (2014) (recorded in 1986) (soundtrack)

Low-fi synth soundtrack to a low-budget horror movie. Between Goblin, late 1980's Tangerine Dream soundtracks and his own unique style, using typical synth equipment of the day.

 


Cirocco, Phil (USA)

Music of the Electron (2007)

This one's interesting. Phil Cirocco is an engineer and synthesizer builder from Pennsylvania (he is known for his CMS modular synthesizers). On Music of the Electron, he plays all tracks alone without overdubs on an instrument called the Novachord. It was produced by Hammond company from 1938 to 1942 and was essentially the first polyphonic synthesizer. Phil spent a lot of time and effort restoring his instrument but the results are certainly worth it. The sound is fat, warm and surprisingly clear. The pieces are ambient, melodic and atmopsheric.

 


Cisco, Stu (Canada)

Amanita (1980)

A mega rare electronic record from ex-member of folk-psych outfit Jeremy Dormhouse.

 


Cisfinitum (Russia)

8 (1999)
Landschaft (2000)
V (2003)
VS (2004)
Bezdna (2005)
Coniunctio (2005)
Music of Light (2005)
Mental Travellers (2006) (with Rapoon)
COCK: Cisfinitum's Only Culpable Killtime (2007)
Tactio (2008)
Nevmenosis (2008)
Drone (2008) (with Maaaa)
Alchemicals (2011) (with First Human Ferro)
Industriewerke 2002 - 2012 (2013)
The Bog (2013)
0 vs 0 (2014)
Live In Sevilla (2015)
Symphony of Horror (2017) (with S. Letov)

Drone Ambient by Evgeny Voronovsky.

See also: Codachrom

 


Cities Last Broadcast (Sweden)

The Cancelled Earth (2009)
The Humming Tapes (2016)
Black Corner Den (2017) (with Atrium Carceri)

Post-apocalyptic ambience from Pär Boström.

See also: Kammarheit

 


Citofono (Canada)

Signature (2009)

An album with a diverse set of influences, filled with warm analogue synths and motorik rhythms. Will appeal to fans of both Berlin and Dusseldorf "schools" as well as those into krautrock. Citofono are Nicolas Dion, Jean-Michel Gadoua and Pascal Gauthier.

 


City of Dawn (USA)

Nobody / Nowhere (2015)

City of Dawn is Texan artist Damien Duque who creates ethereal, featherlight, hazy, emotional, droning Ambient. He has also released a lot of splits with other artists.

 


Ciullini, Daniele (Italy)

Oxidized Sounds (1982)
Domestic Exile (1983) (S)
Domestic Exile Collected Works 82-86 (2015)

Italian artist from Florence. He was part of the DIY / mail music network and a member of industrial group The Cop Killers. His music is minimal and experimental. Some of it is rhythmic and some atmospheric. It seems to be influenced by minimal synth, Prog EM and industrial.

 


Clark, Chris (UK)

The Last Panthers (2016) (soundtrack)

Christopher Stephen Clark is a techno musician who has been a stalwart of Warp Records for many years. The above soundtrack, though, features no beats and is completely ambient, with even a touch of classical.

 


Clark, David Antony (New Zealand)

Terra Inhabitata (1995)
Australia: Beyond the Dreamtime (1995)
Before Africa (1996)
The Man Who Painted Caves (1999)
Sacred Sites (2004)

Tribal Ambient / World Music stuff (?) with ancestral atmospheres from this Dunedin-born musician.

 


Clark, Jesse (USA)

Visionary (1983)
Indigo (1983)
Psyco Surgery For Early Morning Risers (1983)
Abstractions (1985)

US synthesist who makes melodic and rhythmic music influenced by Tangerine Dream, Schulze, Jarre etc.

 


Clark, Tim (USA)

The Last Question (1973)
Tales of the Sun People (1989)
Rain (1995) (with Kevin Braheny)
The Spell (1996) (with Kevin Braheny)

American Ambient composer and Electronic Music longstay. Tim Clark did some planetarium soundtracks back in the day, performing on the moog synthesizer. One of these shows is documented on a privately pressed LP, The Last Question. During the 1980's he was part of the experimental synth-pop / disco duo the Android Sisters with Tom Lopez. Lately he's plunged into the world of ambient synthesis, collaborating with like-minded musician Kevin Braheny.

 


Clarke, Mick (UK)

Games (1976)
Zusammen (2016)

Melodic, sequencer Electronic Music.

 


Clarke, Vince & Ware, Martyn (UK)

Pretentious (2000)
Spectrum Pirsuit Vehicle (2001)
House of Illustrious (2012)

Two legends of synth-pop join forces for some ambient fumblings.

See also: Human League, The, British Electric Foundation.

 


Clarkson, Dave (UK)

Music For Lighthouses (2014)

Experimental musician who has been recording music since the 1980's under pseudonyms Central Processing Unit and Illuminati. He was also member of several groups. This album contains fittingly atmospheric, a bit spooky compositions based on a lot of field recordings / concrete textures and subtle electronics, creating a feeling of desolation and haunting typical of lighthouse environment. A bit similar to other likeminded UK artists who operate on the border of field recordings / musique concrete and Ambient, like Darren Tate, Colin Potter, Paul Bradley, etc.

 


Clarkson, Jeff (New Zealand)

Forward Looking (1987)

Formerly a pop singer and keyboard player, Jeff Clarkson devoted himself to "relaxing music", becoming of the few New Zealand's artists in that genre. It is hard to tell if and what of his massive oeuvre could be interesting to EM fans. Most of it seems to be just ordinary new age, not bad, but full of that genre's cliches. I decided to choose this cassette which is one of his earliest (seems to be his second "new age" release after 1986's Butterfly). The piece occupying the first side of this cassette is pretty typical of the rest of his output (so you may get a taste of it), while side B is more interesting. Consisting of 3 shorter tracks, it approximates the territory of relaxing EM and sometimes sounds like the most flowing and ambient Kitaro without any of the oriental influences. If you like Electronic New Age, give this a try.

 


Claudio PRC (Italy)

The Coexistence Patterns (2016) (S) (with Dubit)

Dark soundscapes from this Italian artist (Claudio Porceddu) who is mostly known for his techno productions.

 


Clay, Brad (???)

Zero Zero One (2017)

Quiet, spacey modular synth compositions.

 


Clear Fluids (USA)

Sicariidae (2015) (S)
Canis Major (2016) (S)

Diverse musical project, ranging from industrial to ambient forms. Relevant works will be listed.

 


Clearing (USA)

Keepsake (2011)
Tape Drag (2011)
Stride (2012)
No Titles (2012)
Distance (2013)
Scratch (2013)
Threat (2013) (S)
Be There (2014)
Differences (2015)
Lights (2016) (S)
Moonbath (2017)

Warm ambient sounds from Joseph Volmer.

 


Clearlight (France)

Symphony (1973)
Forever Blowing Bubbles (1975)
Les Contes du Singe Fou (1976)
Visions (1978)
Symphony II (1990)
Mosaique (In Your Hands) (1996)
Rainbow Music - Best of 1975 - 2000 (2000)
Infinite Symphony (2003)
The Inner Peace Concerto (2003)
Christmas Time In the World (2005)
Impressionist Symphony (2014)
The Roadmap In Your Head (2016) (with Spirits Burning)

Cyrille Verdeauxís band from the Seventies. Symphony is the best album for Electronic Music fans, featuring synthesis by Verdeaux and Tim Blake. Others are mainly symphonic rock with synths.

See also: Verdeaux, Cyrille

 


Clearlight (USA)

As Above, So Below (1982)
Circuits Maximus (1984)

Obscure band from Texas who released a couple of privately pressed LP's, one of them a double album. The style is diverse - at times jazzy, at times dreamy and hypnotic. The line-up was: Ron Snider (drums), Pete Brewer (woodwinds, moog, electronics), Larry White (pedal steel guitar), Jerry Hunt (keyboards) plus guests on minimoogs & electronics. Long tracks.

 


Clearvision (???)

Meteorythm File 001 (2015) (EP) (with Caslau)
Geometry of the Mind (2016) (EP)

This project is dedicated to both techno and ambient. The opening tracks on both of the above releases are spacey ambient / EM floaters.

 


Clément, Joda (Canada)

Movement + Rest (2005)
The Narrows (2011)
The Party (2013) (with Jeffrey Allport and Chandan Narayan)
A Concert For Charles Cros (2014) (with Daniel Jones, Lance Austin Olsen and Mathieu Ruhlmann)
I Hope You Like the Universe (2015)
Sea Songs (2016)
Time + Place (2017)
Kindred (2017) (with Mathieu Ruhlmann)

Joda Clément is an electro-acoustic explorer and electronic composer. He is a son of ambient composer Tim Clement (of Danna & Clement fame). His style is characterized by lots of processed field recordings and lots of drones.

 


Clements, Chuck (Canada)

Electronic Hymns (??)

This is a tricky one. Released somewhere during the 1970's or early 1980's, this album (available on LP and cassette at the time and never reissued on CD) features christian songs performed exclusively on synthesizers. So, not an awfully progressive concept but I include it here for its supposed nice and warm analogue sound.

 


Cleveland, Barry (USA)

Stones of Precious Water (1981)
Mythos (1986)
Volcano (1987) (S)
Voluntary Dreaming (1990)
Hologramatron (2010)
Mu (2016) (with Richard Pinhas)

Ex-Thin Ice musician. Stones of Precious Water, recorded in 1981 and issued in a tiny edition, as well as Mythos, released on Larry Fast's Audion label, are works of flowing electronics and processed guitar (his main instrument) loops. Members of Emerald Web participate on both albums as guests.

 


Clifford, Matthew (UK)

Accumulus (1989)

Keyboardist from Wales. This album is more or less an ordinary new instrumental / new age release. However, there's the long "Starscape" that I suspect might interest fans of Space Music.

 


Cliffsides (USA)

Cliffsides (2008)
Singularity (2009) (S)
Lucid Dreams (2009) (S)
Liquid Mirrors (2011)
Spirit In the Mountain Temple (2013)
Headspace (2014)

Brooklyn-based synthesizer artist Ryan McGill.

See also: Afterlife, Bones of Seabirds.

 


Cloaked Figures (Canada)

Tome Is Melting (2015) (S)

Noises, minimal synth and repetitive melodies. A bit more variety and a richer sound would not harm.

 


Clock DVA (UK)

Digital Soundtracks (1992)

Sheffield-based outfit formed in 1977 and led by Adi Newton. Rhythmic music. I've included only one album so far, mainly because of its Kraftwerkian qualities. Maybe there are some other interesting items but most of their output is EBM / electropop.

See also: Psychophysicist

 


Cloistral (Armenia)

Նվիրվածություն (2016)
Զուգահեռներ (2017)

Ambient synth compositions, mostly of analog nature. Some nice sounds here.

 


Clop Neplat (Norway)

CD 1 (1997)

Dark, droning soundscapes by Mads Staff Jensen from Trondheim, Norway.

 


Closing the Eternity (Russia)

Closing the Eternity (2001)
Untitled (2001)
Superstring Paradigma (2004)
Nearby Being (2006) (with Ad Lux Tenebrae)
Northern Lights Ambience (2006) (S)
Arctica (2006) (S)
Ishopanishad (2008) (with Vishudha Kali and Velehentor)
Noughtwards (2009)
Skywards the Eternity (2010) (with Ad Lux Tenebrae)
Kosmodrones (2011)
Northern Nights Ambience (2012)
No Title (2013) (with Mathias Grassow)
Untitled (2016) (with Mathias Grassow)
Forever And A Day (2016)

Drone Ambient from Russia.

See also: Velehentor

 


Cloth (Russia)

A Mirror With Polished Metal (2016)

Cloth is ambient musician Boris Bobrishev. A Mirror With Polished Metal features droning and concrete-flavored tracks and the tape closes with a gentle, repetitive and still very ambient sequencer chugger.

 


Clothearz (UK)

Plipsqueak (1987)
Blod (1988)
Stig (1989)
Bib (1989)
GiG (1992)

Experimental duo of Leeds-based musicians Michael Clough and Richard Errington (both members of avant-rock band Rancid Poultry). They are inspired by such electronic acts as Cluster, Peter Frohmader, Alto Stratus, Heldon and more. I am not sure that everything they did fits stylistically to EEM but at least some of it supposedly does.

 


Cloud (UK)

Big Clock (2013) (EP)
Cloud (2015)
Flight (2016) (EP)

Brighton-based space rock group with an extremely heavy krautrock and Dusseldorf School influence. At the core of the band's sound are Mike Rawlings (bass), Scott Power (bass, guitar), Alex White (guitar, synthesizer), Peter Mason (synthesizer), Mat Benzie (synthesizer, violin). There are also a couple of vocalists.

 


Cloudface (Canada)

Wyre Drive (2012) (S)
Untitled (2014)
Variations (2017)
Super You (2017) (S)

The second cassette (Variations) features minimal repeating patterns all recorded with a Korg Mono/Poly synthesizer. Earlier output ranges from techno / acid to noisier stuff, all with a slight Prog EM influence. Cloudface is a project of David Reynolds from British Columbia.

 


Cloudland Ballroom (UK)

Blues From the Sun (2010) (S)
Illusion Circles (2011)
Infinite Mind (2011)

Bright and darker Space Music with occasional sequences from this Belfast-based project.

See also: Black Mountain Transmitter

 


Cloudland Canyon (USA)

Requiems Der Natur 2002-2004 (2006)
Exterminating Angel (2007) (with Lichens)
Silver Tongued Sisyphus (2007) (S)
The Mind Electric (2007)
Lie In Light (2008)
Fin Eaves (2010)
Mothlight Part 2 / In the Cold (2010) (S)
Born Blonde (2012) (S)
Aureliua (2012) (EP)
An Arabesque (2016)

A "krautrock revival" band consisting of Kip Uhlhorn and Simon Wojan. They do Cluster, Neu!, Harmonia, Faust, Tangerine Dream and Schulze styles plus more. Derivative.

 


Cloudsound (USA)

Asperatus (2014)
Soapy Mystics (2014)
Cloudsound (2014)
Spirit of Love As Infinite Life (2015)
Static Sense & Wonder Stasis (2016)
Indigo Appalachia (2017)

If you like Manuel Goettsching's Inventions For Electric Guitar or the output of people like Mark McGuire for example, this is along those lines. Cloudsound is Lee Boyd who uses guitar and extensive processing to create his droning, ethereal and at times gently pulsing compositions. He is an artist who appears in EEM because of his sound, not instrumentation.

 


Cloudviewishwater (USA)

Abar Olam V'ad Olam (2007)

Deep Drone Ambient and very low textures from California-based artist Steve Roffeld, who is one half on the experimental formation Receptor Sight.

 


Cloudwalk (USA)

Forgotten World (2017)

Melodic Space Music and Ambient from Montana-based musician Paul Mehlhaff.

 


Club of Rome (Germany)

Große Statik (1985)

Asmus Tietchens under a pseudonym. Now, this will not be for everyone for sure. This cassette, released on ADN label, features, apart from a short spoken word "poem", one side of noisy and experimental synths and one side of sick, spooky string orchestra that reminds a lot on "The Thing" soundtrack.

See also: Tietchens, Asmus

 


Cluster (Germany)

Cluster 71 (1971)
Cluster II (1972)
Zuckerzeit (1974)
Sowiesoso (1976)
Cluster & Eno (1977) (with Brian Eno)
Grosses Wasser (1979)
Live In Vienna (1980) (with Farnbauer)
Curiosum (1981)
One Hour (1995)
Live Japan 1996 (1997)
First Encounter Tour 1996 (1997)
Berlin 07 (2008)
Qua (2009)
1971 - 1981 (2016)
Konzerte 1972 / 1977 (2017)

Legendary German experimental electronic band consisting of Hans-Joachim Roedelius and Dieter Moebius. Cluster started in 1970 as ĎKlusterí and at that time consisted of Roedelius, Moebius and Conrad Schnitzler. They played wild, noisy improvised sets in Berlin underground clubs and other locations. Later Schnitzler left to pursue a solo career and the name was changed to ĎClusterí, which essentially was an English spelling of the word. Their albums are classics of Electronic Music, but should appeal only to the adventurous listener, because the music is very experimental in nature. Their early stuff is rough noisy electronic experiments. In their later efforts Moebius and Roedelius venture into more melodic realms, still retaining the experimental edge. Their music being sometimes noisy, sometimes minimalistic, sounding like the electronic melodies coming out of a childís music box, sometimes classic Ambient, they can be considered one of the stylistically most diverse bands out there. Pieces like ĎIn Ewigkeití from Sowiesoso are a good reason to buy the whole album, this is simply charming stuff, everyone should hear this. Cluster have collaborated with Brian Eno (and were influenced a bit by his style) and with Michael Rother of Neu! under the name of Harmonia. Grosses Wasser was recorded in Peter Baumannís Paragon Studios.

See also: Kluster, Roedelius, Hans-Joachim, Moebius, Harmonia, Qluster.

 


Cluster Balm (USA)

1.0 (2004)
Instamatic (2005)

Varied Ambient from this trio of Scott Turner, Jason Philip and Darrell Burgan (Palancar). Two of the members also have a side-project called Copal River.

See also: Copal River, Not Your Average Hippy, Palancar.

 


Cmiral, Elia (Czech Republic)

På Liv Och Död (1986) (S)
Shaman (1987)
Apartment Zero (1989) (soundtrack)
Ultima Thule Suite (1993)

Elia David Cmiral is a well-known film composer, living and working in the USA. These albums contain original compositions that are supposedly electronic.

 


CN (Norway)

The Mountain (2011) (S)
The Expedition Beyond (2011)
Ra (2012) (S)
Voyages (2013) (S)
Nu (2014)
The Derelict (2015)
Obscure Fragments (2016) (S)

CN is Stian Gjevik from Norway. He is an electro / techno musician but about 10 to 20% of his tracks are ambient and flowing. File under EM-related.

 


Cobalt Road (USA)

Biosphere (2016) (with Staqq Overflo)

Vaporwave / trap project from Florida with a strong EM / Ambient influence.

 


Cobbs, Terry (France)

Thru the Door (1998)
Solo Concert (2000)
Haut-Fourneau Site Senelle Live (2001)

Music in the style of Tangerine Dream (Phaedra era).

 


Cobham, Billy (Panama)

Spectrum (1973)
Inner Conflicts (1978)

How could this pass unnoticed? Billy Cobham is of course a well-known, dare I say it, famous jazz musician (drummer) and a legend of fusion and related styles. He was born in Panama and is currently residing in Switzerland. Spectrum is his debut release done in collaboration with Jan Hammer. It is mostly wild jazz workouts with a few brief electronic moments provided by Hammer. Only very marginally related to EM, this one. However, on to Inner Conflicts, whose eponymous opener is a 10-minute synth / drum tour-de-force, full of sparkling synth / arpeggios and other nice sounds. Great EM. I don't know if it's very unique among his released works but I am sure willing to discover more.

 


Cobra Zeno (UK)

Now Or Never (2015)
Supernova Skyline (2017)

Energetic melodic electronics in synth-rock style, comparable to late 1980's - early 1990's Mark Shreeve perhaps, with even touches of synthwave and spacesynth. Cobra Zero is a duo of guys who go by the names Johnny and Danny. Read my review of Now Or Never here.

 


Coccia, Roberto (Italy)

R. Acquarii (??)
Proxima Centauri (1989)

Melodic Electronic Music from this little-known synthesist.

 


Cocoon (Australia)

Spaceship Cocoon (2013)

Melbourne-based Tony Tralongo lets himself be inspired by both Berlin and Dusseldorf "schools" on this release, as well as by space rock.

 


Cocytus (China)

Shemhamphorash (2000)
Dtzenioutha (2003)

Ritual Ambient released on Chinese label Dying Art. The second album was also released under the IHVHLXXII moniker (the music is identical).

 


Codachrom (Russia / Spain)

Plastinka (2013) (S)

Codachrom is a duo of Evgeny Voronovsky (Cisfinitum) and Miguel A. Ruiz. You would expect something darker, more ambient and experimental, but no. Vintage synths galore, vocoders, cosmic sounds, catchy melodies and stiff synthetic rhythms make this one a perfect choice for fans of Jean-Michel Jarre and other melodic / cosmic EM masters.

See also: Cisfinitum, Ruiz, Miguel Angel.

 


Code 0066 (Italy)

53 Minutes (2012)
Torino (2014) (S)
La Bellezza del Cemento (2016) (S)

Code 0066 is Alessandro Lerario. Starting with a very dub / techno influenced 53 Minutes, he was already showing strong Ambient influences, including several nice, completely beatless, atmopheric tracks. The trend of mixing techno, Prog EM and maybe a bit of industrial / noise continued on Torino, whose opener is a slowly building, melancholic sequencer floater. La Bellezza del Cemento follows in similar vein. File under EM-related.

 


Code III (Germany)

Planet of Man (1974)

A very obscure German band from the Seventies. Produced by Klaus Schulze.

 


Code:Indigo (UK)

For Whom the Bell (1996)
Live In Duisburg (1997)
Uforia (1999)
TimeCode (2003)
Chill (2006)
E-Live Special Edition (2006)
In Concert (2007) (recorded in 2004 - 2006)
Take the Money & Run (2014)

For those who like melodic and not very "electronic-sounding" music. For me it's all too poppish, although the music is very well done.

See also: Fox, Robert, Wright, David.

 


Code Zero (USA??)

Process of Improvisation (??)

Half is very rhythmic electronic sequencer pieces, the other half is psychedelic violin and acoustic guitar playing.

 


Codice (Mexico)

Alba y Ocaso (1999)

A massive, two-disc set from this neo-prog band led by Marco Corona with a wide range of influences, from King Crimson to ELP and Tangerine Dream (some sections are pure Electronic Music). The keyboardists (there are two of them here) use both digital and analogue synths.

 


Coenobite, The (Netherlands)

My Habit (1992)
Castles In the Air (1994)
Recovery (1997)
Checkmate! (1998)
Fading Light (2001)
French Kiss (2004)

Symphonic electronic compositions. The Coenobite is also known as "Dr. Coenobit".

 


Coe, Frank (USA)

Music For Robots (1961) (with Forrest J. Ackerman)

Historic item here. Side one features narrated story by Forrest Ackerman with background effects by Hollywood experimentator Frank Coe. Side two, however, consists of just the electronic score by Coe. Put this alongside your "Forbidden Planet", Raymond Scott and Bruce Haack LP's.

 


CoEx (UK)

Synaesthesia (1995)
Ascents Meteora (1996)

This is an offshoot from the band Death In June in a gloomy Dark Ambient mould.

 


Cohen, Art (USA)

Real Time (1989)
Wirehead (1990)
Available Space (1992) (with Steve Bowman)
Index of Fractals (2006)

Classic Electronic Music ala Inventions For Electric Guitar on Synkronos label.

See also: Ministry of Inside Things, Available Space, Delicate Monster.

 


Cohen, Charles (USA)

Music For Dance And Theater (1988) (recorded in 1976 - 1988)
The Learning Curve: Generator Live (1989)
Those Are Pearls That Were His Eyes (2007) (with Ed Wilcox)
Group Motion (2013) (recorded in 1989)
The Middle Distance (2013) (recorded in 1979 - 1988)
Brother I Prove You Wrong (2015)

Master of Buchla synthesizer with his solo works. Experimental, but also quite listenable.

See also: Ghostwriters, Planet-Y.

 


Coil (UK)

Musick To Play In the Dark (1999)

Legendary industrial band from the first wave of extreme sonic explorers. Musick To Play In the Dark (recorded by Thighpaulsandra, John Balance, Peter Christopherson and Drew McDowall) is rather ambient in nature as a general rule but the real reason I include them here is the second (12-minute) track "Red Birds Will Fly Out of the East And Destroy Paris In A Night" (how's that for a title?) It is stated by band members to be inspired by Tangerine Dream's Rubycon. Well, it doesn't sound like Rubycon to me but it does sound like a classic sequencer-based EM track.

See also: Thighpaulsandra

 


Cold Electric Fire (USA)

Cold Electric Fire (2002)
In Nights Dream We Are Ghosts (2002)

Dark Ambient.

 


Cold Forest (Brazil)

A Journey Through Cosmic Infinity (2013)
Misantropica Jornada Obscura (2013)
Transcendental (2013) (EP)
The Silence Under the Sea (2014)
My Dark Kingdom (2014)

Ambient project from São Paulo. Reflective, melancholic, but rarely dark.

 


Cold Void (Netherlands)

Cold Void (2013)

A duo of Luuk Bouwman and Rafael Rozendaal, currently residing in New York. Their music is a study in repetition and creates a special atmosphere of desolation or sounds like taking a stroll in a haunted Victorian mansion at midnight. This minimal sound seems to be somehow related to the "dungeon synth" genre but is quite unique overall.

 


Cold Womb Descent (Poland)

Descendants of Tethys (2016)

Very nice cinematic EM / Space Music with elements of ambient techno and downtempo.

 


Cole, Lloyd (UK)

Selected Studies Vol. 1 (2013) (with Hans-Joachim Roedelius)
1D Electronic 2012 - 2014 (2015)

Lloyd Cole is a British singer-songwriter, as well as acoustic guitar player. Surprisingly, he is also an electronic musician with a unique, minimal style based on repeating patterns created on modular gear.

 


Coleclough, Jonathan (UK)

Sumac (1997) (with Andrew Chalk)
Cake (1998)
Windlass (1999)
Period (1999)
Minya (2000) (with Andrew Chalk and Colin Potter)
Low Ground (2000) (with Colin Potter)
Murray One / Tunnel (2001)
Halant / Heat / Beech (2002)
Beech For John And Miho (2002) (with Tim Hill)
Flutter (2002)
Casino (2003)
Jonathan Coleclough / Bass Communion / Colin Potter (2003) (with Bass Communion and Colin Potter)
Makruna - Minya (2004)
Long Heat (2005) (with Lethe)
Husk (2006) (with Murmer)
Torch Songs (2007) (with Andrew Liles)
Burn (2008) (with Andrew Liles)
Bad Light (2009) (with Colin Potter)
Slowly Sinking (2009) (with Monos)
Water Mountain (2013) (with Paul Bradley, Hitoshi Kojo and Colin Potter)
Live At Oto (2016) (with Colin Potter)

Ex-Ora member with his own atmospheric compositions of Ritual Ambient and Drone. A lot of his compositions were made on self-built machines, others approximate musique concrete with their subtle mix of recorded sounds and electronic processing.

See also: Ora

 


Collapsar (France)

Beyond the Event Horizon (2009)
Deus Irae (2015) (with Flint Glass)

Collapsar is a project from Strasbourg, Alsace, France, that works within the domain of Dark Ambient forms, mainly Dark Space.

See also: Maculatum

 


Collector (Australia)

The Blooms (2014) (S)
Triple Crown (2016)

A project of Jason Campbell. Compared to the stuff he releases as Stitched Vision, this is much more rhythm-oriented, more informed by industrial and EBM perhaps, but still with some Prog EM influences.

See also: Stitched Vision

 


College (France)

Secret Diary (2008)
A Real Hero (2009) (S)
Northern Council (2011)
Heritage (2013)
Shanghai (2017)

Another italo (synthwave, outrun electro, French touch etc.) revival producer (real name - David Grellier) that straddles the line between dance and prog EM. Pretty much every album is a mix of rhythm-based an atmospheric tracks.

 


Collier-Ford, Randall (USA)

The Architects (2015)
Remnants (2015)
Promethean (2017)

Oregon-based Dark Ambient artist. Atmospheric, melancholic, sometimes with an electro-acoustic element and sometimes quite cosmic.

See also: Black Sun

 


Collins, Gazz (UK)

Sonnenlicht (2012)
Atacama (2014)
Azimuth (2014)
Under Stars (2015) (EP)
Ascension (2016)
Atacama - Returning On A Journey (2016)
Scuba (2016)

Electronic musician who released a ton of his music via downloads. Most of it sounds very samey to me, with a style based more on rhythmic "electronica" than on Progressive Electronic. There are some exceptions, though. Sonnenlicht contains pre-concert music in ambient style arranged in two long tracks. Other listed items also contain some EM or EM-related material.

 


Cologne Tape (Germany)

Render (2010)
Welt (2017)

A loose collective of musicians, partly with changing members, playing instrumental krautrock / EM hybrid with some influences from house / techno.

 


Colohan, David (Ireland)

Hill of the Moon (2016)
A Melbourne Nocturne (2016)
Hope Can Be A Barrier To Action (2017)

Usually found playing harmonium or other traditional instruments, David Colohan is a folk / drone musician. On Hill of the Moon, electronics are used extensively for a sound that marries droning Popol Vuh with classic Ambient and a bit of folk.

See also: Raising Holy Sparks

 


Colored Mushroom And The Medicine Rocks (USA)

Colored Mushroom And the Medicine Rocks (2010)
The Sundial Metaphysical Center (2010)
At Red Frosting (2010) (S)
Arcades of the Morning (2010) (S)
Sea Channels (2010) (S)
Sunshine Units (2012)
The Gold Manor Eclipse (2014) (S)

One of those numerous Emeralds-related projects, this one featuring John Elliott in collaboration with Charles Szerzen and Sandra Serio. Long tracks with gently bubbling synths, sequencers and drum machines. Warm, analogue sound.

See also: Outer Space

 


Coloured Chaos, The (Germany)

Spectrum (2012)

The ambient side of the guy known as Vertical67.

See also: Vertical67

 


Colourform (UK)

Visions of Surya (2008)

Same band as Crystal Moon, and similar in style.

See also: Crystal Moon, Ishq, Ishvara, Futurology, Optic Eye.

 


Colourful Xsample (Germany)

2 (2004)

Inspired by Tangerine Dream but quite modern-sounding, I suppose. Colourful Xsample is Gereon Hillebrand.

 


Colours of Infinity (Australia)

Colours of Infinity (2017)

A project of Melbourne-based Andy Donnelly with a heavy focus on classic analog sounds of the 1970's with a modern twist.

See also: Kloke, Travancore.

 


Coma Divine (Italy)

# 10110 (2003) (S)

A small, 20+ minute album from this Dark Ambient act.

See also: Subinterior

 


Coma Virus (Austria)

Hidden (1996)

Paul Haslingerís alter ego. Dark Ambient. Probably excellent.

See also: Haslinger, Paul

 


Combative Alignment (Germany)

Requiem (2003)
The Ritez of Higher Communication (2003)
Untitled (2003) (S)
And Outside Glows the Red Dawn (2005)
Hidden Sleep (2005) (S)
Everlasting Sun (2006)
A Broken Union (2007)
Toward (2008)

Dark drones, ritualistic percussion... Combative Alignment are Arnolt Heise and Ulrike Baum.

 


Comelade, Pascal (France)

Sequences Paiennes (1979) (S)
Paralelo (1980)
Ready-Made (1980) (S)
Suprematism (1980) (S) (with Armand Mirales)
Slow Music (1981)
Sentimentos (1982)
Oblique Sessions II (2000) (with Richard Pinhas)
Flip Side (of Sophism) (2012) (with Richard Pinhas)

French-catalan musician, a legend of avant-garde / minimalism and the father of contemporary primitivism, Pascal Comelade has been around since the 1970's. In 1976 he had an interesting electronic release called "Fluence". After that he embarked on a solo career under his own name, releasing both electronic works and traditional songs / unique minimal compositions with extensive use of toys as instruments. His earliest works are the most interesting ones, EM-wise, with a heavy focus on either drones or sequences, all done in a unique and minimal Comelade style. Sentimentos is a transitional album from his electronic roots towards strange processed songs (it even includes an Eno cover).

See also: Fluence

 


Comet III (Italy)

Astral Voyager (2007)

Obscure duo from Siracusa, Italy. These guys (Delfo Catania and Carlo Matanza) produce long tracks with droning synths, cosmic atmospheres and light acoustic touches.

 


Commodity Place (Italy)

I Love Watching the Sound Lost Beyond the Horizon (2011) (S)
Multifrequency Behaviour of High Energy Cosmic Sources (2014) (EP)
Requiem For A Living Planet (2015)
Trapped In A Sea Cave (2017) (EP)

A duo of Massimiliano Loretucci and Riccardo Frosoni with a cosmic kraut / Berlin School sound, using electronics and guitar. Ashra fans take note.

 


Common Future (USA)

Vague Borders (2012) (S)
Rituals (2015)

Common Future is a project of Brooklyn-based Daniel Bellury. His sound takes in influences of classic EM, experimental and early 1990's ambient techno perhaps.

 


Common Ground (USA)

Common Ground (2015)

Electronic trio of Hollan Holmes with Gary Johnson and Bill Olien (both from Resonant Drift). Tribal, ambient, atmospheric. Mastered by Robert Rich.

See also: Holmes, Hollan, Resonant Drift.

 


Compest (Germany)

Wrack (2004)
Kryptozoologie (2005)
Benu (2005) (S)
Auferstehung (2006) (S)
Ruinen (2009)
Hybride (2012)
Zittern (2013)
Danach (2014)

Varied dark ambience from Martin Steinebach.

See also: Conscientia Peccati, StillStand.

 


Compos Mentis (USA)

Elektronische Musik (1981)

Experimental EM. A rare tape release.

See also: Di Stefano, John, Klang.

 


Compound (Australia)

Eternal Estate (2017) (S)

A project of Melbourne-based Per Bystrom. Minimal synthetic music, often based on pulses / sequencess.

 


Computerchemist (UK)

Atmospheric (2007)
Icon One (2007)
Landform (2008)
Aqual Measure (2009)
Music For Earthquakes (2011)
Signatures I + II (2013)

Computerchemist is the solo project of Dave Pearson. His primary influence is classic Berlin School music of Klaus Schulze and especially Tangerine Dream. Atmospheric starts with a track titled "Marshfire". Heavy synth drones and spacey effects can be heard. Complex distorted guitar passages form the background. Soon, a steady rhythm starts, as various echoing sequences pulsate. However, the track ends just too soon. The title track starts with subtle noises and an excellent melodic theme ala early 1980's Tangerine Dream. Now, that's what I call quality EM. If you like melodic, Tangerine Dream-influenced sound, be sure to check this one out. After a brief atmospheric interlude, the melodic theme returns, this time sounding almost classical. Soon, quite heavy drums appear for what seems like a very energetic conclusion. "Domino's Lament" starts with upbeat sequences and a synth pad. Soon, a slow drum rhythm appears, making this a very melodic and positive track. Major harmonies prevail and I must admit that it was all too lightweight for my tastes. Fans of Jarre might enjoy it, though. Some nice synth and guitar solos on this one. I also liked the conclusion (when the choir came in). "Flight of 'f'" starts with flute refrains. After a few seconds, a nice deep sequence appears, accompanied by spacey synth pads. Heavy drums are an enjoyable extra. Overall, it's one of the better tracks on show here, pure New Berlin School. "Tribalibal" has quite dramatic sequences and a simple bass synth theme for an introduction. Soon, twittering effects, a piano melody and heavy rolling drums take over. It's all rather pompous and loud stuff but somehow lacks purpose. Thankfully, once the bombastic elements give way for more atmospheric sounds, it all becomes much more palatable. I loved the synth solo over a bed of atmospheric synths - very tasty! The rhythm then returns and once the guitar comes in, it all becomes rather chaotic. As a whole, I liked this piece, although I could probably do without the sax solo at the end. "French Game Idea" starts with a funky rhythm that is joined by a very Jarre-like melodic theme. It is then replaced by a quiet section with a sequence and a growling guitar sound. Good effects give way for melodic synth pads. The Jarre-like melodies return for a while before the track is over. "Sharazad" begins with a somewhat clumsy sequence and disjointed organ chords. After a while we hear a melodic theme with a vaguely Arabic flair. A flute plays on top of rhythms / sequences in an interesting manner. The track ends with a classical-sounding section, where synth strings and dramatic chords play an important role. Atmospheric is a nice EM album that's well worth checking out.  

 


Comte-Raymond (Switzerland)

Univers de Lumiere (1994)

 


Concrescence (Germany)

Diaphragma (2017)

Aquatic Ambient from this Munich-based project.

 


Concretism (UK)

Town Planning (2014)
Beneath the City Streets (2016) (S)
Electricity (2016)

Concretism is a project of Chris Sharp from Essex. The music falls into general melodic / rhythmic analogue synth niche. It's hard to pin down but has a certain minimal synth / library music flair, perhaps related to stuff released by the likes of The Advisory Circle and Pye Corner Audio.

 


Conflation Port (???)

Ambivalent (2016)

It is not known at the moment who is behind this project, nor do I know the country of origin. The author states that he is based on the Arctic Circle. Curiously enough, though, he makes tracks that he names after Sub Antarctic islands. How weird is that? Anyway, the music... It's seemingly based on alanog synthesis and is rather dark overall, mixing purely atmospheric numbers with sparse slow beats and dubby elements.

 


Confused Kundalini (USA??)

This Will Heal Us (2016)

Hypnotic, lo-fi ambience.

 


Coniglio, Enrico (Italy)

Grammatologia (2002)
Areavirus:
Topofonie Vol. 1 (2007)
dyanMU (2008)
Sea Cathedrals (2010)
Salicornie: Topofonie Vol. 2 (2010)
I (2011)
Inner Forest (2013) (S) (with Øe)
Plundering the Ancient World (2015) (S)
Astrùra (2016) (S)
Solèra (2016) (S)
Open To the Sea (2017) (with Matteo Uggeri)

Deep ambient soundscapes from this Italian artist born in 1975 in Venice.

See also: Aqua Dorsa, Herion

 


Conjuror (USA)

Left Hand Path of the Conjuror (2013)
Black Velvet, Dead Flowers (2015)

Droning synthesizer meditations a bit in the spirit of early Klaus Schulze circa Irrlicht. Conjuror is Ian Adcock.

 


Conscientia Peccati (Germany)

Theogonia (1994)
Morbus Temporis (1997)
Pantheon Desertum (1998)
Quinque Viae (1999)
Chaos / Magick (2001)
Culpa Somniorum (2003)
Draco Rex (2004)
Rites ov Lamashtu (2008) (S) (with StillStand)
Totem (2009)
Confusio Solis (2015)

Dark / Ritual Ambient.

See also: StillStand, Compest.

 


Con_Sense (Germany)

Compass (2007)
Code Sent (2009)

Varied, comtemporary music with Ambient and Berlin School traits. It is not known for sure who is behind this project.

See also: Solveil

 


Conspiracy Foundation (Russia)

Grand Rewinding Time (2012)

Music heavily influenced by the Berlin School from this Perm-based project.

 


Constantine (Greece)

Hades (2017)

Hypnotic, deep Drone Ambient soundworlds from Constantine Skourlis.

 


Contact (UK / USA)

First Contact (2014)
Zero Moment (2016)

Collaboration between Paul Lawler and A.E. Paterra.

See also: Lawler, Paul, Majeure.

 


Contagious Yawns (USA)

Some Places Aren't Around Here (2016)

Music halfway between regular Ambient and IDM / post-rock.

 


Contemplatron (Poland)

Antarabhãva - The Six Realms (2003)
Delog (2008)
Prabhashvara (2012)
His Master's Voice (2016) (with Shentz)

Polish Dark Ambient from Jaroslaw Wierny with choirs, akin to Raison D'Etre. The second album is mastered by Peter Andersson.

 


Context (Germany)

Muzak For An Exhibition - Product 1 (1986)
The Return of Structures - Product 34 (??)
Neumen (??)
Product 24 - Structures (1987)
Product 60 - Muzak For Seafood (??)
Necrophonie - Product 3 (1987)
Schnitte - Product 22 (1987)
Neuralgia - Product 29 (1988)
Changed Music 2 (1989)
Changed Music - Product 38 (1989)
More Structures (1989)
Verbindungen (1989) (with Kapotte Muziek)
Verbindungen 2 (1994) (with others)
Again Structures - Product 48 (??)

Changed Music 2 is a Drone Ambient masterwork. The other albums are most likely in the same style. The man behind Context is Stefan Schwab.

 


Contrastate (UK)

Seven Hands Seek Nine Fingers (1989)
A Thousand Badgers In Labour (1990)
i (1991)
A Live Coal Under the Ashes (1992)
Throwing Out the Baby With the Bathwater (1995)
Mort Aux Vaches (1996)
Todesmelodie (1999)
False Fangs For Old Werewolves (2005)
Handbags & DADA (2006) (recorded in 1989 - 2000)
A Breeding Ground For Flies (2012)
No Eden Without Annihilation (2016)

Varied soundscapes, from bright and clear, to dark and disturbing, with lots of chants at times. Some stuff sounds very Gothic in a mysterious kind of way.

See also: Intravene

 


Contrepoints (France)

Baroque Synthetiseur (1982)

Library music by Jacques Erdos.

 


Control Company (international)

Four Years Before 1984 (1980)

A short-lived band put together by Hubert Bognermayr with drummer Curt Cress, jazz / electronics mastermind Bruno Spoerri and Klaus-Robert Kruse. The music is mostly commercial progrock dominated by Hubert's flowing keyboards. There are also nice instrumentals (such as "Locked In Loneliness"). File under EM-related.

See also: Eela Craig, Bognermayr & Zuschrader, Spoerri, Bruno.

 


Controlled Bleeding (USA)

Body Samples (1984)
Knees And Bones (1985)
Curd (1986)
Between Tides (1986),
Headcrack (1986)
Core (1986)
Songs From the Drain (1987)
Music From the Scourging Ground (1987)
Trudge (1989)
Songs From the Ashes (1989)
Gag (1990)
Hog Floor (1990)
Phlegm Bag Spattered (1990) (recorded in 1983)
Golgotha (1991)
Penetration (1992)
Bladder Bags And Interludes (1992)
The Drowning (1992)
Buried Blessings (1993) (recorded in 1988 - 1990)
Songs From the Vault (1994)
Dub Songs From A Shallow Grave (1995)
Inanition (1996)
Gilded Shadows (1997)
The Poisoner (1997)
Rest In Peace: The Best of Controlled Bleeding (1999)
Our Journey's End (2000)
Can You Smell the Rain Between (2002)

Paul Lemosí and Joe Papaís musical project that split in 2000. Sometimes they are aided by other musicians. I tend to see this formation in line with bands like Einsturzende Neubauten and Nurse With Wound, although I may be wrong here. Their early work is harsh noise experiments, very disturbing, even irritating, which is a good thing, of course. Still, this music is hardly listenable. Their mid period is characterised by the use of driving dance rhythms and generally heavy sound, now you would probably call it Ďindustrialí. Also some of their stuff from that period sounds very neo-classical, with a definite Gothic atmosphere. The 90ís stuff is dominated by Joe Papaís operatic sounding voice and ambient textures with dub rhythms. Warning: the discography is NOT complete. CB is definitely one of those "fringe" bands, and I am not sure how much of their output actually fits in stylistically.

See also: Lemos, Paul

 


Convalescent (UK)

Before Sunrise (2005)

Dark soundscapes from John Marshall. Will be enjoyed by fans of Caul.

 


Conveniens (USA)

First Flip (1984)
Victims of Convenience (1985)
Clear (1987)
AT (1992)

Instrumental synthesizer / progrock by Dave Smith and John Maz.

 


Convextion (USA)

Acido 22 (2016) (S)
2845 (2016)

Convextion is Dallas, Texas-born Gerard Hanson. He is known as a dub techno / minimal techno producer. Amazingly, Acido 22 is a small record filled with great Prog EM played on analog synthesizers (nothing techno here).

 


Conway, Chris (UK)

Scanning Planet 3 (2003)
Contact Light (2004)
Live And Scanning (2004)
Musici (2004)
Courteous (2005)
In Orbit (2006)
The Third Expedition (2007)
Electronic Flights (2009)
Adagios Electric (2011)
Through Mirrors We Met (2014)

Cosmic electronic albums from this prolific British composer and member of The Rain Garden (ethnic music duo). A lot of this music is released under "The Planet Scanners" moniker and here Chris teams up with Alan Freeman and some other luminaries of British underground electronic scene. Chris has also released a lot of music that falls into such categories as new age, meditation, healing, relaxing, world, songs etc. These albums are (naturally) not included in the above discography.

See also: Memory Wire, Avant Garden.

 


Cool Maritime (USA)

Some Sort of Wave Portal (2016)

Floating synthesizers from Sean Hellfritsch.

 


Cooper, William Ashley (USA)

Collected Works (2014) (recorded in 1972 - 2001)

American outsider artist who has been recording his stuff at his home studio equipped with a few synths (mostly minimoog during earlier stages and adding a few more toys later on) at least since the early 1970's. The above is a collection of pieces and spoken interludes where he explains some aspects of his work and how he started in music.

 


Copal River (USA)

Copal River (2006)

Ambient from Scott Turner and Darrell Burgan.

See also: Cluster Balm, Not Your Average Hippy, Palancar.

 


Cope, Julian (UK)

Rite (1992)
Queen Elizabeth (1994)
Rite 2 (1997)
Queen Elizabeth 2 (1997)
The Modern Antiquarian (1998) (S)
Odin (1999)
Discover Odin (2001)
Rite On (2002)
Rite Bastard (2006)
Woden (2012)

Famous musician / singer from the UK. His experimental / electronic works are more or less here. Rite 2 will appeal to fans of the early 70's German "krautrock" scene. The style ranges from Can / Faust type stuff to early Tangerine Dream. (tracks three and four will be especially interesting for EM fans). No thin digital synths here, just guitar, percussion, hammond organ, mellotron, ARP 2600 and other (more obscure) items.

See also: Queen Elizabeth

 


Coph Nia (Sweden)

That Which Remains (2000)
Shape Shifter (2003)
Noise Shaper (2004)
Erotomechaniks (2005) (with Mindspawn)
The Tree of Life And Death (2008)
Erotomechaniks II (2016) (with Mindspawn)

Dark Ambient with Goth elements from Mikael Alden.

 


Coppice Halifax (USA)

Aeriformic Forests (2013)
Postscript (2013)
Ice Forest (2014)
Chloroformic Forests (2014)
Lowlights (2014)
Quinth (2015)
Ocean Lion III, Part One (2016)
Vintro (2016)
Urceolatmospherion (2016)
Ocean Lion III, Part Two (2016)
Lioness II (2016) (S)
Ocean Lion III, Part Three (2016)
Polysom (2016)
Aerate (2016)
Aubreeze (2016)

A project of Brian Grainger dedicated to hybrids of dub techno and Ambient. Some releases are completely devoid of beats or techno influences, though. I will try to list these, although it will not be easy, as the guy obviously aims at a Guinness book record as the most prolific artist ever.

See also: Milieu

 


Coppola, Dominic (USA)

Vogue Meditations (2005) (S)
Beloved (2016)
Ladylike (2016) (S)
Swoon Season (2016) (S)
Cordial (2017) (with Angelo Harmsworth)
Golden Blonde Air (2017) (S)

Monolithic, lo-fi ambient drones.

 


Coplord (Denmark)

Forced Entry (2016)
Copulator (2017)

Somewhat synthwave-related project but rather minimal and rudimentary synth sound here.

 


Coral Cave (Germany)

Initial Steps (1991)
Mysterious Attractions of Contrasts (1993)
Impressions of Science (1994)
Blue Sunlight (1994)
The 4th (2013)
Panorama (2014)
Electronic Variety (2015)

Coral Cave was a duo of Tilo Voigthaus and Erik Matheisen that made melodic Electronic Music comparable to late 80ís Tangerine Dream. The project ceased its activities in 1996 but returned in the new century.

See also: Voigthaus, Tilo, Mikado 85, RikeErik.

 


Coral Caves (Japan)

Voice From A Distance (1999)

Synthesizer / progressive music by one Toshiyuki Fujita.

 


Corbacho, Max (Spain)

Vestiges (1998)
Far Beyond the Immobile Point (2000)
The Resonant Memory of Earth (2002)
Nocturnal Emanations (2003)
Indalo (2003) (with Bruno Sanfilippo)
Moontribe (2004)
The Talisman (2006)
BreathStream (2008)
Ars Lucis (2009)
Lost Links (2011)
Bioma (2011) (with Bruno Sanfilippo)
The Ocean Inside (2012)
Cosmic Traveler (2013)
Splendid Labyrinths (2015)
Future Terrain (2017)
Nocturnes (2017)

Spanish synthesist working in the realms of Ambient and Space, sometimes sounding similar to Steve Roach.

 


Corbett, Ian (USA)

Anthrohuminal (1993)
Within the Crowd (1994)

Jazz musician and saxophone player but these albums are supposedly electronic.

 


Cord of Life (UK)

Imaginary Journeys To Sunset (1985)
Winterland (1986)

Obscure electronic duo of David Bennett and Andy H. I don't know if David Bennett is a pseudonym. Anyway, the first tape is composed and performed by Dave Greenway who is probably the same guy.

 


Cordero, David (Spain)

Emma (2012) (with Carles Guajardo)
Brumaria (2013) (S) (with Dot Tape Dot)
Nanas (2016) (S) (with Niño de Elche)
El Rumor del Oleaje (2016)

Ambient soundscapes with a strong neo-classical flair.

 


Core (Germany)

Chants of Race & Emptiness (1988)
My Core (1991) (S)
An Area's Era Area (1994)

Dark Ambient offshoot from Cranioclast (a mostly Nurse With Wound style band).

See also: Cranioclast

 


Corin (Australia)

Accumulated Spaces (2015) (S) (with ju ca)
Wave Systems (2015)
Virtuality (2016) (S)

Aka Corin Ileto. Indescribable, melodic, rhythmic, seemingly influenced by techno-pop (Sakamoto) and melodic electronics. Complex themes inspired by water.

 


Coronel, Rody (Netherlands)

Mixed Feelings (2004)
Coffee Moment (2007)

Melodic and a bit ambient music from this synthesist born in 1971. He was influenced by many artists, from TD and Jarre to Queen. Rody started fiddling around with synthesizers and organs pretty early in his life but his recoding career only began at the turn of the century.

 


Corporation (UK)

Dark Destiny (1991)
Subculture (1992)
Breed (1994)

Melodic, rhythmic EM in the style of Mark Shreeve and Ian Boddy, with a touch of Jean-Michel Jarre. Corporation is a trio of Adam Britton, Iain Lowe and Peter Tunney (on Dark Destiny and Subculture only). Breed was produced by Kevin Bate also known as Synthetik.

See also: Britton, Adam

 


Corre, Gérard (France)

Eurydice (1987) (S)

The first side of this "7 record features electronic pop ala Space. Nothing is known about the other. Gérard Corre seems to have given some live performaces accompanied by laser shows, as the cover of this record asserts.

 


Correlations (UK)

Before the Heat (2016)

A duo of Neil Hale and Stuart Cullen. Their name seems to be inspired by Ashra and the title of their debut album - by Cluster & Eno, and indeed, their music seems to be inspired by both the krautrock side of Ashra / Goettsching and the ambient side of Cluster. There are also touches of psych / folk by means of acoustic guitars and nice use of vocoder.

 


Corsica Annex (USA)

Fluid Electric (2017)

Rich synthesizer pads and sequences.

 


Cortez, Jorge (Mexico)

Tree of Life (2002)

The first thing you notice about Tree of Life is the bass! Powerful, fat analog bass sounds are abundant here. The first two tracks are somewhat similar to each other. Each features melodic sequencers and various other melodies, effects and bass sounds layered on top / beneath it. Although the second track, "Locust" features some pretty harsh textures that sort of reminded me on the noisy Hal McGee stuff or even some Merzbow. "On the White Horse" is more laid-back and has a somewhat simplistic beepy sequence running throughout its length. The track is rather repetitive. "Serpents On the Desert" is easily the best cut on the album. Great, screaming synth sounds! And when I say screaming I mean it! Although, at 1:30 it's criminally short, should've been longer. "Not Even the Angels" is a bit oriental sounding probably due to its strange rhythms. "Burning Bush" is the longest cut on the album. It's an upbeat sequencer track. "Seven Rounds" has a lot of those fat bass sounds and is one of those tracks that grow on you with each listen. "Swallowed By A Fish" is more experimental and is devoid of any direct rhythms or melodies. The last two tracks finish off the album on a more usual rhythmic / melodic note. Love the symphonic leads on "A Whisper In the Wind". Overall, Tree of Life is a very nice collection of sequencer / melodic EM pieces, more or less in the 70's style. Although it has a strong experimental edge to it as well. 

 


Cortini, Alessandro (Italy)

Forse 1 (2013)
Forse 2 (2013)
ACMN 1 & 2 (2013) (S)
Sonno (2014)
Forse 3 (2015)
Risveglio (2015)
Live At Nuit Noire XI (2015)
Spie (2016)
Avanti (2017)

Italian-born and currently residing in California, Alessandro Cortini just loves his analog synths. He creates various sequencer patters and atmospheres with them, often processing the sound in strange ways, resulting in either hazy, overdriven or misty, distant feel. Falls into the Experimental genre for sure but has a very strong "classic EM" vibe to it.

 


Corum (USA)

Never Use the Same Door Twice (2012)
Beguiling Isles: Born of Earth's Torments (2012)
Experimental India Radio: Swara Exchanges (2013) (S)
Beguiling Isles: Westward Star (2013)
Black Or White Orpheus: Votive Transmutation Shrine (2014) (S) (with Jefferson Zurna)
Effigy Mounds: Ceremonial Music For Spore Alter (2014)
Experimental India Radio: Puja Samagri Pipers / Mummy Dust Trippers (2015) (S)
Magic Mirror (2016)
Coastal Vudutronic Voyage (2016)
Panics In Mayfair (2017)

Unclassifiable music from member of Million Brazilians Grant Corum. Is it Tribal Ambient? World Music? Psychedelia? A little bit of everything I guess. Mostly based on samples and loops but also synthesizers and lots of tribal percussion.

 


Corvus Neblus (Greece)

Chapter I: Strahd's Possession (1999) (S)
Chapter II: Strahd's Possession (2001) (S)

Cassette releases with soundtrack-like symphonic ambient in the vein of early Mortiis.

 


Corvuz (Russia)

Invisible Landscapes (2012)
—‚ÓŠÓšŗ (2015) (with Torssion)

Dark Ambient from Orel, Russia. The music on —‚ÓŠÓšŗ is based on the sounds of analog synthesizers, including a lot of rare Soviet models.

 


Corwin, Travis (USA)

Beach Glass (2016)

Ambient artist with new age and experimental trends.

 


Cosentino, Saro (Italy)

Saro Cosentino (1988) (S)
TV Dinner (1995) (with Mino di Martino)
Ones And Zeros (1997)

Saro Cosentino is an Italian musician who started out in Blues and acoustic / traditional music but during the 1970's got interested in Electronic Music. He worked in experimental arts with Franco Battiato and several other Italian musicians, both famous and unknown.

See also: Albergo Intergattico Spaziale, Asciara.

 


Cosey Fanni Tutti (UK)

Time To Tell (1983)

This privately released cassette (later re-released on CD) by Throbbing Gristle member and performance artist Cosey Fanni Tutti (real name: Christine Newby) has been somewhat under the radar of the general public and EM fans in particular. However, it is great pioneering Ambient / EM. The album consists of just two sidelong tracks and especially the first one, "The Secret Touch" is amazing. Deep synths, noises, effects, screaming solos, a tinkling sequence and a hypnotic and seducing voice of Christine. Yes, she has a really nice voice and the material here is spoken, not sung.

See also: Throbbing Gristle, CTI, Chris And Cosey.

 


Cosimi, Enrico (Italy)

Infinite Works (2005)

Ex-Theatrum Chemicum musician and one half of Tau Ceti. Experimental / floating / cosmic electronics.

See also: Theatrum Chemicum, Tau Ceti, Liquid Ghosts.

 


Cosmic Baby (Germany)

Futura (1994)
Industrie und Melodie (2006) (recorded in 1997 - 1999)

Cosmic Baby is an alias of German techno / trance producer Harald Blüchel from Nuremberg. Born in 1963, Blüchel discovered the Electronic Music of artists like Tangerine Dream and Kraftwerk circa 1976 and has been experimenting with synthesizers since the early 1980's. In 1989, he got involved in the whole techno / club scene and his career as a recording artist under the Cosmic Baby moniker (as well as a few others) started. The bulk of his output will be of no interest to Prog EM fans. There are some exceptions, though. Futura (actually released under the "Cosmic Inc." name), although has enough techno influences, also seems to be very inspired by melodic Tangerine Dream of the 1980's, down to synthetic harpsichord sounds. There are also weird moments with lots of vocalizations. Industrie und Melodie is a nice "Kraftwerk masturbation"-type record. There is also a nice album available for download called Music For An Oceanic Radioplay, which I hope sees the light of day on a physical carrier one day.

See also: Blüchel, Harald

 


Cosmic Bird (Italy??)

Traces of Cosmic Existence (2017)
Landing On Moondust (2017) (S)
Dungeness the Soundtrack (2017)
Cosmic Bird I (2017)

Barbara Parise.

 


Cosmic Debris (USA)

23-4-79 (1979)
3.7K (1980)
While You're Asleep (1981)
On the Shores of A Different Time (1986)

This group started in 1976 as a live act. The two guys, Richard Bugg and Cal Grant got together to rehearse for a jazz festival at the Oklakhoma University campus. They were the only band that performed Electronic Music and they played one 20-minute piece, simply called "Piece One". Richard used an ARP 2600 with an echo machine and a few extra modules with a complementary sequencer, while Cal played a self-built synthesizer based on Moog's design. Initially the group was called "The Contemporary Synthesizer Ensemble" but after the concert a friend of Richard proposed the name "Cosmic Debris" and it stuck. A few years later, the groups' line-up was expanded with Cal Grant replaced by no less than five musicians. They were Steve McLinn (he left in 1978), Dennis Borycki (synthesizers), Dave Copenhaver (bass), Jim Hochanadel (saxes) and Joel Young (percussion, drums). Just like that, the group's sound started to drift towards space rock. In 1980, Shawn Phillips (guitar, guitar synth) was added to what was now essentially a duo of Richard Bugg and Joel Young. Borycki returned for While You're Asleep, but this time John Powell (percussion) and Bil Richards (guitar) were recruited. On the Shores is a duo concert performance of Bugg and Barry Stramp.

See also: Bugg, Richard

 


Cosmic Garden, The (Germany)

Sun Secrets (2012)
Spirale (2012)

Melodic, cosmic and psychedelic Electronic Music from Tibor Fredmann and Siegbert "Ziggi" Hümmer.

 


Cosmic Ground (Germany)

Cosmic Ground (2014)
Cosmic Ground 2 (2015)
Cosmic Ground 3 (2016)
Live (2017)

Dirk Jan Müller's return to Electronic Music under a new project name.

See also: Müller, Dirk Jan, Electric Orange, Octopus's Garden.

 


Cosmic Hoffmann (Germany)

Weltraumboogie (1982) (S)
Beyond the Galaxy (1999)
Shiva Connection (2000)
Heartbeat (2001) (with Hans-Werner Fassbender)
Psychedelic Breakfast (2003) (with friends)
Electric Trick (2005) (recorded in 1978 - 2003)
Conundrum (2007) (with Bernhard Wostheinrich)
Space Gems (2007) (recorded in 1975 - 1979)
Outerspace Gems (2008) (recorded in 1978 - 1985)
Hypernova (2009) (recorded in 1977 - 1983)
Trinity (2010) (with Ian Boddy and David Wright)
Astral Journey (2010) (recorded in ??)
Earshot (2013) (S) (with Fanger & Schönwälder)

Cosmic Hoffmann was the pseudonym of Klaus Hoffmann-Hook (1951 - 2017) from Mind Over Matter. Klaus started with music in the early 1970's, mostly in rock. He was deeply influenced by Genesis' live mellotron use and by the sounds this legendary instrument could produce. He later bought himself a mellotron and a minimoog, gradually expanding his setup and adding more 'trons and synths. He also played keyboards in a rock band called Alma Ata but parallel to that he recorded solo spacey Electronic Music with his synths and mellotron. His first vinyl single, released in 1982, is similar to the last two albums by Peter Baumann or Telex, while the flip is in the style of Space. The full-length albums are classic cosmic Teutonic electronics, very similar to Tangerine Dream from circa 1974-1977. If you canít get enough of those driving sequences and mellotron voices with a great bit of space guitar, this is for you. The above discography contains both the Cosmic Hoffmann albums and those released as "Klaus Hoffmann-Hook".

See also: Mind Over Matter

 


Cosmic Intrusion (UK)

Celestine (1978) (S)

A small and weird 7-inch record by one Frank Knapp. One side is a weird electronic rendition of "God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen". Flip is supposedly original material.

 


Cosmic Jokers (Germany)

Cosmic Jokers (1974)
Galactic Supermarket (1974)
Planeten Sit In (1974)
Sci-Fi Party (1974)
Gilles Zeitschiff (1974)

Cosmic Jokers albums were the result of Rolf Ulrich Kaiserís acid parties that he arranged in Dierkís studio for the musicians signed to the Ohr label. It was one of the most scandalous moments in the history of EM, bacause Rolf Ulrich Kaiser pissed off many of the musicians involved after these albums started to show up in stores. The thing is that Rolf Ulrich never asked the musicians about the permission to release this material. This led to serious lawsiuts and Rolf Ulrich Kaiser lost the process. After that he left the music business for good (and Germany to sum it up). But enough history, what does the music sound like? In spite of being basically just a jam session by the musicians who maybe sometimes didnít even realise what they were doing, the music is nothing short of brilliant. Especially the first two albums are great! Pure cosmic jams in the vein of early TD or Ash Ra Tempel. The rest of the albums contains just short ottakes of the above mentioned sessions. The musicians involved were Manuel Goettsching, Harald Grosskopf, Klaus Schulze, Gille Lettman (Rolf Ulrich Kaiserís girlfriend at the time), Rosi Muller and Jurgen Dollase, among others. A supergroup then? Well, probably. But definitely a classic!

See also: Goettsching, Manuel, Ash Ra Tempel, Grosskopf, Harald, Agitation Free, Schulze, Klaus.

 


Cosmic Letters (Sweden)

Cosmic Letters (2012)

Swedish trio influenced by krautrock and classic EM (mostly of the Dusseldorf School with some Berlin thrown in).

See also: Sand Circles

 


Cosmic Ni (Spain)

Live In Barcelona 1999 (1999)

Cosmic Ni are Dom F. Scab and Albert Gimenez. Classic Electronic Music with a strong German influence.

See also: Scab, Dom F., Gimenez, Albert.

 


Cosmic Octave Orchestra (Germany)

Gaiatron (2011)

Collaborative project of Steve Schroyder, Akasha Project and B. Ashra.

See also: Schroyder, Steve, Akasha Project, Ashra, B.

 


Cosmic Overdose (Sweden)

Dada Koko (1980)
Final Koko (1980)
4668 (1981)

Sort of experimental synth / post-punk band, sometimes with Swedish vocals. The main members were Karl Gasleben and Dan Söderqvist, who would later become known as Twice A Man.

See also: Anna Sjaelv Tredje, Twice A Man, Söderqvist, Dan.

 


Cosmic Realm (USA)

The Cosmic Industrial Complex (2003)

Soundscapes by Todd Merrill.

 


Cosmic Smokers (UK)

On Another Planet Vol. 1 (2004)
On Another Planet Vol. 2 (2004)
Live At the NSC (2004)
On Another Planet Vol. 3 (2007)
Live At the Y (2007)

A "supergroup" featuring all three members of AirSculpture, Grant Middleton (Under the Dome) and Paul Nagle. Their music is energetic, cosmic and sequencer-based. Their releases basically represent recorded live jams.

See also: AirSculpture, Beasley, Adrian, Christian, John, Nagle, Paul.

 


Cosmic Testicles (USA)

Science Friction (1997)

A duo of George Martindell (acoustic drums and percussion) and Steve Siers aka Quad (synthesizers and bass) who create 'avant -garde space music.'

See also: Fluorescent Eclipse.

 


Cosmic Trigger (Sweden / Finland)

Polar Regions (1993)

This is a rare album from Silent label, recorded in Goteborg and Turku. Cosmic Trigger was a duo of Piitu Lintunen and Tor Af Storvatten. The music is of a deep ambient variety, comparable to Biosphere, but with a lighter, almost new age-like edge.

 


Cosmic Voyager (Australia)

This Western Australia-based artist has been recording Electronic Music since 1981.

 


Cosmique (France)

La Galaxie Oubliée (2016)

1960's EM pastiche. Not bad, but I think I'd prefer longer suites instead of lots of short tracks / vignettes.

 


Cosmolab (Spain)

Bi (2013)

Fat Berlin School compositions based on the sounds of analogue synthesizers by Luis Carlos Esteban.

See also: Esteban, Luis Carlos

 


Cosmonauttransfer (UK)

Dark Skies of Yuggoth (2010)

This project of David Dilliway mixes the Dark Space aesthetics with classic Space Music textures and sounds.

See also: Darkhalf

 


Cosmos Factory (Japan)

A Journey With the Cosmos Factory (1975)

As some of you know, Japanese EM does not start and end with Kitaro, Tomita and YMO. For instance, there's Far East Family Band's mesmerizing Parallel World LP. Then, we have this hard rock / progressive group, Cosmos Factory, with their first LP appearing in 1973. They are not EM mostly, and their debut featured mostly hammond-heavy progressive hard rock with vocals in Japanese. However, on the follow-up (listed) they changed their style towards a more experimental and sedate pastiche. There are tons of great synths scattered throughout and even some purely electronic moments. Case in point is "A Hidden Trap" - a 2+ minute piece of pure Electronic Music. On subsequent releases they again changed their style to a more direct and in-yer-face heavy rock. File under EM-related.

 


Cosmozone (Japan)

Inner Space Outer Space (2010)

The author of this small cassette (just over 30 minutes) Minoru Fukuda mentions Carl Sagan and "Blade Runner" as his direct influences. Ambient / Space Music.

 


Costello, Donnacha (Ireland)

It Simply Is (2008) (S)
Love From Dust (2015)
Stay Perfectly Still (2016)
Mouvements (2016)

Experimental techno musician from Dublin. Not sure about his other works, but Love From Dust features analog synth overload by means of multiple sequences generated on a Buchla synthesizer. Nice. Stay Perfectly Still is supposedly in the same style.

 


Costello, John (UK)

Cantos (1986)
Halflife (1989)
Autotron (2013) (S)

John Costello has been creating Electronic Music on and off since the 1980's, releasing at least two cassettes privately and getting attention from the specialized EM press as one of the main performers at the EM festival in Chapter Arts Centre in Cardiff, organized by Kevin O'Neill.

 


Coster, Tim (New Zealand)

Untitled 23.02 (2004) (with Mark Sadgrove)
Landing (2005)
Mornings (2005) (S)
Untitled (2005) (S)
Untitled 35.20 (2006) (with Mark Sadgrove)
Star Mill (2007)
Untitled (2007) (S) (with Nigel Wright)
Holding Plants (2007) (S)
Gest 02 (2007) (S) (with Nest)
Sleeping Trees (2008) (S)
Untitled 32.38 (2008) (with Mark Sadgrove)
Cathedrals (2008) (with Nigel Wright)
A Place In the Sun (2011)
Mediterranean Years (2012)
Ocean Liner (2012)
Waterfront Cities (2013)
Gemini (2014)
Where To Be Vol. 1 (2015)
Research And Motion (2016)

Experimental composer from Auckland who currently resides in Melbourne (Australia). On early releases he seems to use a lot of field recordings. Later works are synthetic and have a minimal, analog feel, often warm and lulling.

 


Cota (USA)

Terra-ist (1994)
Ta'Wil (1997)
Live (1997)
Marches And Meditations (2002)
New Mythologies (2012)

Also known as C.O.T.A. Ambient drones & repetitive rhythms with a touch of Martial from Jon Auchterlonie and Michelle Farokhnia.

 


Council of Nine (USA)

Dakhma (2015)
Diagnosis (2015)
Trinity (2017)

Dark Ambient project from California.

 


Council State Electronics (UK)

Arktika (2016)

A duo of Justin K Broadrick and Dermot Dalton paying hommage to classic analog EM from the 1970's.

See also: Final

 


Counter Music (UK??)

Counter Music (??)

Obscure DIY cassette released somewhere in the 1980's, I think.

 


Coupler (USA)

America In the Coming Age of Electronics (2011)
Sunless (2011)
Blue Room Sessions (2016)

Coupler is a project of Nashville-based multi-instrumentalist Ryan Norris. He mostly plays synths, but adds some guitar from time to time, as well as some drums. The music could be descibed as krautrock-influenced (Neu!, La Düsseldorf, Can, etc.), with clear allusions to 1970's EM in its use of analog synths, but fairly unique overall.

 


Courbes Bézier (Spain)

1 (2016) (S)
2 (2016) (S)

Strictly analogue project of Lluis Gosnegre with all the right influences. I mean if you like those rides down the autobahn, carried away by timewinds, give this a try.

See also: MKM

 


Courtens, Pieter (Netherlands)

Pieter Courtens was an analog instrument builder and EM enthusiast who created his own modules and sequencers for music production. Pieter Courtens used to tour with Pythagoras in the early 1980's.

 


Courtney, Miles (UK)

Dusck (2016) (S)

Strange rhythmic, minimal electronic compositions in a unique style. I can hear influences of vaporwave, synthwave and minimalism here.

 


Courtois, Bruce (USA)

Obscure US synthesist supposedly in classic EM vein.

 


Cousin Silas (UK)

Lilliput (2001)
Portraits & Peelings (2003)
Necropolis Line (2006)
The Melting Static (2009) (S)
Adrift Off the Islets of Langerhans (2010)
The Sound of Silas (2014)
Ballard Landscapes 6 (2016)
Berlin Evenings (2016)
In the Skies (2016) (with Wolfgang Gsell)
Metamosphosis (2017)

Cousin Sillas is a project of UK musician & publicist Dave Hughes. Lots of experimental influences in his music but it's pretty cosmic & dark overall.

See also: Abominations of Yondo

 


Couture, Jerome (USA)

Too Haut To Handle (1988)

Jerome Couture is a classical / jazz violin player, a bit similar to Jean-Luc Ponty. This is his debut album (others are supposedly of no interest to EM fans) that features a fusion of his violin playing and synthesizers (much like Ponty's own Individual Choice). "Space Couture" is a melodic EM track with added violin (not dominating). File under EM-related.

 


Cowley, Patrick (USA)

Mind Warp (1982)
School Daze (2013) (recorded in 1973 - 1981)
Muscle Up (2015) (recorded in 1980)
Candida Cosmica (2016) (recorded in 1973 - 1975) (with Candida Royalle)
Afternooners (2017) (recorded in 1982)

Some might say that including Patrick Cowley in EEM is stretching the definition of EM and I think this is mostly correct. Here's the story: Patrick Cowley had been a disco producer and musician since the 1970's, pioneering the use of synthesizers within dance / club format. He produced music and played for popular artists like Sylvester, for instance, and released a few solo albums on his own San-Francisco based label. Sure, his music had much in common with other disco productions of the time, but it was all-electronic and fairly innovative too. But the real reason for inclusion: check out the slow, spacey number "Mutant Man" with its wonderful vocoder voices and fat, wonderfully programmed synths. If it's not EM then I don't know what the heck is. It's not experimental or difficult to listen to but fans of more direct, easy and melodic forms of EM could find this to their liking. Another nice track is the title track with solos to die for. Also interesting to note how Patrick's works in a way presaged the "spacesynth" sound (Laserdance, Koto, etc) that would emerge a couple of years later from Europe. Patrick Cowley died from AIDS-related complications shortly after the release of his second album. His first and second releases (Megatron Man and Menergy, both from 1981) are not included here as they were a purely disco affair with vocal tracks prevailing. School Daze contains soundtrack music to gay porn movies "Muscle Up" and "School Daze", respectively, released in 1981 by Fox Studio in Los Angeles. It contains some great pioneering EM pieces.

 


Cox, Ben (USA)

On Water (2005)

Ambient.

 


Cox, Robert (UK)

Random Musics (1984)
A Short Delay (1984)
Music Without Edges (1984)

Solo music by member of The Same and Rimarimba. Supposedly, interesting.

See also: Same, The

 


Coxhill, Lol (UK)

Slow Music (1980) (with Morgan Fisher)

On this album you will find classic Ambient in the Eno / Budd vein.

 


Coxis, Zoltan (Spain)

Fungus Baby (2015) (soundtrack)

Synth soundtrack with experimental and cosmic styles.

 


Cozmic Corridors (Germany)

Cozmic Corridors (1973)

A forgotten gem of Ash Ra Tempel / Cosmic Jokers-styled kosmische electronics.

 


Crackletone (UK)

Journey To the Sea of Sparks (2003)

Crackletone is a Dark Ambient project of Jim Sutherland - a music producer and soundtrack composer.

 


Craig, Leighton (Australia)

Organ Notes (2001) (EP)
Eugene Carchesio & Leighton Craig (2003) (EP) (with Eugene Carchesio)
Community of Opposites (2003) (EP) (with Eugene Carchesio)
Leaves (2006) (with Eugene Carchesio)
11 Easy Pieces (2008)
Green Coronet (2016)

Experimental musician from Australia who likes to use casios and other home keyboards for a minimal, ambient, vaguely progressive sound.

 


Crane, Rick (UK)

A Long Week In Houston (1982)
Fuji (1983)
Kolyma (1983)

Rick Crane is an electronic musician who released a private tape of floating space electronics before singning for Colin Potter's then newly formed ICR cassette label. His music mixes rhythmic styles (ala Kraftwerk) with ambient and cosmic synthesizer trips.

See also: Nachtricht

 


Cranial Mythos (USA)

Structured Randomness (1999)
Asphalt Salad (2006)

Solo music by Greg Waltzer. Asphalt Salad was released under the name of Cranial Mythos but in fact features a trio of musicians (Waltzer with his brother Jeff and one Ken Pearce). The style is classic EM with modern elements.

See also: Mutation Vector, Xeroid Entity, Fringe Element.

 


Cranioclast (Germany)

Koitlaransk (1985)
Ration Skalk (1985)
Kolik San Art (1986)
A Con Cristal (1987)
Cris Con Tala (1987)
Somnii Palus (1987)
Lost In Karak (1988)
Iconaclastar, Icon I - VI (1992)
Iconaclastar, Icon VI - XI (1993) (recorded in 1990 - 1991)

Pioneering Dark Ambient by this enigmatic project from Hagen (near Cologne - Germany). This predates most modern Dark Ambient works by almost two decades.

See also: Core

 


Crashride (Canada)

Crashride (2015)

Spacey mixture of rock and Electronic Music from this duo, obviously influenced by Pink Floyd and at times reminding on Alan Parsons Project because of the string arrangements. I wish it was a completely instrumental release, though.

 


Craün (Greece)

Analysis (2015) (S)

Mixture of field recordings and ambient drones from Greek-born Aris Hatzidakis (currently residing in Sydney).

 


Craven Faults (UK)

Netherfield Works (2017)

Banks of analog synths creating heavily sequencer-based compositions.

 


Crawl Unit (USA)

Stop Listening (2000)

Ambient drones from this Californian noise artist (real name - Joe Colley).

 


Crawshaw, Phillip (Australia)

Soundwaves (1980)

Obscure private press from Newcastle or Sydney area, a guy with synths, organ, electric piano and a drum machine. He plays themes from movies and stuff and, unfortunately, sings, too. However, there are also a couple of original (instrumental) compositions, which are supposedly interesting.

 


Cray (Australia)

Undo (2001)
Kinamets (2008) (EP)
Water Computing (2010)
Leaves (2010)
Show Fades (2011)
Music For L.A.D. (2012)
Delta Whan (2013)
Digest 54 (2013)
Music For Solo Sympathizer (2014)

Cray is experimental analog synth artist Ross Healy whose music runs a gamut of styles from techno-related to Berlin School-like.

 


Create (UK)

Reflections From the Inner Light (2004)
From Earth To Mars (2005)
Biospherical Imagery (2006)
Kindred Spirits (2007)
Space Time Continuum (2007)
Lost On An Island of Adventure (2008)
In the Blink of An Eye (2009)
Words Just Get In the Way (2009)
We Live By the Machines (2010)

Berlin School / sequencer music by Stephen Humphries. Although Reflections From the Inner Light was realized via software means only, Stephen really stretches the limits of his instrumentation on this release, creating an album of well crafted Berlin School EM. "Narissa" starts with mysterious synth chords that, after a while are joined by nice lead lines. This is wondefully atmospheric and quite effective. Soon the sequences emerge that make this a classic formula Berlin School track. Very nice rhythms as well, and a haunting mellotron flute / synth combination at the end. "Dark Skies", not surprisingly, starts with dark synth drone and analogue-sounding lead line, soon joined by effects and synth pads. Slowly the rhythm / sequence elements take over, making this an edgy and stomping EM number. Got my toe tapping to this one. The track is finished off by threatening bass synth lines. The next cut is "Touching the Void". Again, we hear a dark introduction and a haunting mellotron flute refrain. Soon after the 3 minute mark, the sequences are introduced along with a rhythm, although everything stays very atmospheric and moody. The track has got an unusual solo timbre that I found very pleasant. "Medusa" is the shortest track of the lot and is dominated by EMS-like effects and mellotron choir / synth lead / atmosphere tandem. Nice! "Surface Cotrol" is initially a major-key, cheerful track, which then becomes very urgent and exciting. One of the best compositions on the album - I really enjoyed this one, including the superb soloing. "Downside Up" - a deep introduction, with whooshing synths and processed pad sounds. But the track's main asset are the sequences, that are rich in colour and yet subtle and very effective. There's also a mellotron flute to be heard. The rhythm is relaxed, resulting in a laid-back mysterious EM track with just the right amount of rhythmic propulsion. "Kaleid" is another one of those "floating mysterious introduction-long sequencer part-mysterious ending" tracks. It's a classic Berlin School formula that always works when done with attitude, as is the case with "Kaleid". "Chasing the One" is the last track and the best composition on the entire album. Sounds different to what has come before (mellotron choir, repetitive structure, very prominent bass sequence), but that's part of its charm, I guess. It's like chasing some ship in a space convoy. Very evocative. If you enjoy the Berlin School of Electronic Music, Reflections From the Inner Light will give you more than a hour of pure listening enjoyment.

See also: Astrogator, Quadra, Magnetron.

 


Creation VI (Ukraine)

Creation VI (2009)
Paleolith (2012)
Pantheophania (2012) (S)
Antigravity (2013) (with Exit To Exist)
Akroamatikos (2013)
Anamnesis (2014) (with Astral & Shit)
Night Over the Black Sea (2015)
Myth About Flat World (2016)
Omnipresence (2016) (EP)
Everywhereness (2016)
Δ (2016) (with Uhushuhu)
Russian Tour 2016 (2016)
Deus Sive Natura (2017)

Dark Ambient / drone from Kiev, often with a prehistoric atmosphere, approaching the territory of Tribal Ambient.

See also: Tim Six

 


Creatures, The (Italy)

Expansion (1982)
L'Altro Mondo Studios (1983)

Sometimes, at the dawn of the italo-disco era, some projects appeared that expressed influences much farther-reaching than your run-of-the-mill discotheque sound. Case in point is this band here that used to sneak in a gem of a track onto their albums mostly filled with fashionable italo beats. Their italo-disco stuff was pretty quality production for the time as far as I'm concerned but the real icing on the cake are the atmopsheric numbers that would make any EM artist proud. I don't know if it was direct prog EM influence or if they developed their style and ideas independently but here it is, the small list of their sci-fi gems: Expansion: the title track; L'Altro Mondo Studios: "The Amazing Run In the Tube". They continued to release albums after that, apparently drifting away from their EM influences (if there were any) or any "experiments" at all, opting for a slicker, pop / italo production. File under EM-related.

 


Cremator (UK)

Alpha Ralpha Boulevard (2013)
Clear Air Turbulence (2014)
Phase Électronique (2015)

Berlin School-influenced music by Matt Thompson, in the spirit of Klaus Schulze's 1970's works.

See also: Zoltan

 


Creme de Hassan (Germany / USA)

Technique & Rite (2017)

Weird, mutant World Music from Ghazi Barakat and Paul LaBrecque.

See also: Pharaoh Chromium

 


Cremer, Uwe (Germany)

Sirius Singularity (2012) (with Thomas Rydell)

See also: Level Pi

 


Crepuscular (Argentina)

Deep Slow Majesty (2009)
Sideral Entropy (2010)

Dark Ambient from Cordoba, Argentina.

 


Crepuscule (USA)

Closing Wounds (1996)
Music For Decay (1997)

Pure Death Ambient by En Lewellyn.

 


Cria Cuervos (Italy)

Cancroregina (2003)
Leitfossilien (2005)
Moraines (2006) (with Paul Bradley)
Moraines II (2007) (with Paul Bradley)
Azazel (2009) (with Maurizio Bianchi)
Vid Vags Ande (2011) (recorded in 2007) (with Moljebka Pulse)

Dark Ambient project of Eugenio Maggi. Haunted, desolate soundscapes.

 


Crisium (UK)

Letters From the Voyage (2005)

Crisium is a progressive rock band that, using two keyboardists, one pianist, one guitarist and a vocalist, mixes Electronic Music with symphonic rock stylings. Mostly instrumental.

 


Crisne (Italy)

Albedo (2012)

Experimental / vocal project by one Francesca Marongiu released on the super prolific Phantasma Disques label known for its witch house releases and other related experimental musics. This one has a strong prog EM vibe overall.

 


Crispin, Alex (USA)

Idle Worship (2017)

Deep, spacey synth compositions with a melodic flair. Shades of Serrie, Vangelis, Roach and more.

 


Croatian Amor (Denmark)

Brother, Sister (2011) (S)
The Mars Quarter (2011) (S)
Vagina Sword (2012) (S)
Mermaids of Jadransko (2012) (S)
Mercure (2012) (S)
Pomegranate (2013)
The World (2013)
Sister (2014) (S)
Caviar Glowing (2014) (S)
Genitalia Garden (2014)
The Wild Palms (2014)
Love Means Taking Action (2016)
Live At Lougheed House (2016)
Finding People (2017)

Hybrid lo-fi industrial / noise / ambient project of Loke Rahbek. There are some spacier, synthier moments seemingly inspired or influenced by Electronic Prog, although that might be a mere coincidence. It's all EM-related at best.

 


Cross, Tim (UK)

Kaleidoscope (1981)
Counrty Matters (1981)
Multivision (1983)
Undercurrents (1985)
Crosscurrents (1987)

Synth library records.

 


Crossroads Ego (Belgium)

Annwfyn (2012)

Crossroads Ego is Marco Bakker. Supposedly, Ambient.

 


Crotaphytus (Germany)

The Bite of the Reptiles (2007)
Feed Meeeee!!! (2008) (EP)
The Bite of the Reptiles 2 (2010)
Acanthosaura (2016)

Varied duo of Robert Witschakowski and Nico Jagiella. The music is inspired by the world of reptiles and ranges from somber soundscapes to sharp electro rhythms and Berlin School pulsations.

 


Crown Invisible (USA)

Crown Invisible (1998) (EP)
Crown Invisible II (1998) (EP)
Crown Invisible - Remixes (1999)
CI 4: Cinema (2001)

Sweeping synthesizer sounds with rhythms.

See also: CC:Dome, Fibilini, Giovanni.

 


Cruceanu, Romulus (Romania)

Garden of Silence (1992)
Eternal Harvest (1995)

Romanian composer, supposedly with a new-agey style.

 


Cry 3 (USA)

An Odyssey of the Spirit (1975)

Over-the-top Christian pomp-rock production from Massachusetts, and totally forgettable. However, Al Perez, the band's synth player, delivers two solo instrumental pieces for each side of the LP, that might be of interest.

 


Cryobiosis (Romania)

Within Ruins (2013)
Inner Stasis (2014)

Nice Dark Ambient with a cinematic flair and a strong musique concrete / industrial influence. Cryobiosis is Cristian Voicu.

 


Crypt Vapor (Australia??)

Panic Night (2013) (S)
Erotik Maniac (2015) (S)
Tombe della Cittá (2015)

Horror revival / horror synth project that mixes Goblin with Carpenter and some italo beats.

 


Cryptik (Germany)

Source Code (2014) (EP)
Radiance (2015) (EP)
Havayah (2016) (EP)

Cryptik is German musician Johannes Heil. He is a techno artist but likes to include EM and / or ambient tracks on his releases. Closing tracks on both Source Code and Radiance are exactly such compositions. File under EM-related.

 


Crypto Tropic (France)

Crypto Tropic (2015)
Bantu Hologram (2016)

Highly experimental, warped analog electronics from François Dumeaux and Thomas Pujols. It is as if Kraftwerk decided to make music about biological processes instead of futuristic world of autobahns and robots.

 


Crystal (USA)

Rainbow Voyagers (1983)
Beyond Form (2011)

Synthesizer duo of Michael Clay and Tom Moore that released at least one album of spacey Berlin School Electronic Music during the 1980's. The duo seems to be reformed, having released a new album in a relaxed style.

See also: Star Zeit, Voyager.

 


Crystal Hell Pool (USA)

Wind Blows Through Me (2009)
Infinity Medicine (2010)
Weapons Cache (2010)
Domain (2011)

A project of Seattle-based Chris Majerus. Early works contain synthesizer drones of the darker variety. With Domain it's a shift toward rhythmic structures (most of the tracks have actual beats, although more in the style of Moroder or synthwave music than any techno).

 


Crystal Moon (UK)

Temple (1997)

Ambient cosmic synthesizers from this UK band consisting of Jake Stephenson (who died in 2005) and Matt Hillier.

See also: Colourform, Ishq, Futurology, Optic Eye.

 


CRX091081GB (UK)

Trago Acid Mills (2014) (S)
Becoming the Camracid (2015)

Belfast-based acid producer Robin Price. Heavily synthesized, this particular album represents a mixture of his acid / techno influences and some Prog EM elements. The slow, rhythmless and arpeggio-based tracks, like "Untitled", "Pastorale", "Mine Beneath the Sea", "Skunkworks" and "The Warmth" point in the direction of EM classics or Ambient, although they do contain a weird individual touch. Trago Acid Mills is mostly interesting for its warm EM closer, called "Hyfryd".

 


Csillagköd (Romania)

Silent World (2014)
All the Time (2016)

Ambient / Space Music project of Olivér Dombi out of Transylvania.

See also: Shambala Networks, Morogh.

 


Csudai, Ivan (Slovakia)

9 Easy Pieces And Other Songs (1992) (with Martin Burlas)
Black And White Dreams (1993)
Double Flame (1997)
Dovebat (1997)
Calm (2004)

Slovak multi-instrumentalist, who in collaboration with fellow musician Martin Burlas has released some drifting meditative works for keyboards and guitars that have been compared to Brian Eno.

 


CTI (UK)

Elemental 7 (1984)
Metaphysical - The Library of Sound, Edition 1 (1993)
Chronomanic - The Library of Sound, Edition 2 (1994)
In Continuum - The Library of Sound, Edition 3 (1995)
Point Seven - The Library of Sound, Edition 4 (1998)

CTI is of course the duo of Chris Carter and Cosey Fanni Tutti. Both are former members of Throbbing Gristle and legends of industrial music. I chose to be selective and included only their purely (or predominantly) ambient works in the discography, because pop music is not really EEM's focus, even if it's a very adventurous type of pop music and, yes, even if it's done with electronic instruments.

See also: Carter, Chris, Cosey Fanni Tutti, Throbbing Gristle, Chris And Cosey.

 


CukoO (UK)

Woodland Walk (2016)

A mixture of analog electronics and acoustic instruments in hauntology / children music / library vein. A project of Victoria Wilson.

 


Cudy, Lon (USA)

Defence (1988)

Lon Cudy is known as a Dweller At the Threshold contributor. This is his solo release. The style is not known.

 


CUE Electronica (USA??)

Experiments (??)

 


Cult of Ashand (UK)

Chapter One - The Beginning (2005)
Sequence of Events (2006)

Energetic / dark sequencers and guitars.

See also: Sherwood, John, 4m33s, Ambient Ashand, Noise Kommandoh, Yorky, Entity.

 


Cultural Noise (Austria)

Aphorisms Insane (1980)

Electronic Music in the style of Tangerine Dream. The three members of the band were Gerhard Lisy, Karl Kronfeld and Walter Heinisch.

See also: Bizarre Ko.Ko.Ko

 


Cunnungham, David (Ireland)

Dances - Music From Faust (1986)

Irish-born minimalist / avant-garde composer residing in London. This is a rare cassette release with music commissioned by a dance company and supposedly features some interesting electronic arrangements. Further investigation is needed.

 


Cuomo, Fabio (Italy)

La Deriva del Tutto (2016)

Definitely influenced by progressive rock, EM and kraut bands of the 1970's, Fabio Cuomo from Genoa sculpts long tracks with synth drones, doomy guitars and some percussion. There are also symphonic, piano-dominated moments.

 


Curran, Alvin (USA)

Under the Fig Tree (2010) (recorded in 1970 - 1972)

Alvin Curran is an American composer working in such areas as minimalism, modern classical music, electroacoustic, free improvisation and more. Ex-member of Musica Elettronica Viva, he has a successful solo career as well. His material is generally pretty far removed from the prog EM aesthetic and as one of those artists who have quite an extensive discography, it is pretty hard to research everything and find relevant material within. An obvious candidate is this album of archive recordings, though. Especially the first track, with its bird recordings and gentle VCS3 arpeggios is interesting, reminding a bit on early German EM (not the darker stuff like Zeit, but rather the more pastoral and meditative landscapes painted by Cluster during their "Forst period"). Further investigation is needed.

See also: Musica Elettronica Viva

 


Current (Norway)

Enter the Dream (1997)
Musik (2001)
Communion (2003)
UnderCURRENTs (2005) (recorded in 1989 - 2003)
The Dream Cabinet (2006)

Current is Robert Solheim. Rhythmic music with subtle melodies. Not retro.

 


Current Figures (Canada)

The Grey Area (1985)

Obscure Electronic Music LP from Vancouver area that seems to be influenced by Vangelis and Tangerine Dream. Current Figures was a duo of Edward Dolinski (synthesizers) and Robert Caldwell (drums).

 


Curved Light (USA)

Mineral Wash / Indigo Rinse (2015)
Prismatic / Loomstate (2016) (S)
Reversion (2017)
Vast And Infinite (2017)
Channelview (2017)
Quartzsite (2017)

Austin, Texas-based artist (real name-Peter Tran) with an analog style based on the sounds of modular synths. Ranges from spacey ambient drift to Berlin School-ish sequencer overload (as on "Lost In Dying Format" and "Sine Qua Non", for example), to Terry Riley-like organ meditations.

See also: HD Sunrise, Body Wishes.

 


Cut Copy (Australia)

January Tape (2016)

Instrumental ambient / electronic album from this indietronica band.

 


Cut Worms (Netherlands)

Lumbar Fist (2016)

Ambient alias of Dutch experimental artist Richard van Kruijsdijk.

 


Cutaia, Carlos (Argentina)

Cuidad de Tonos Lejanos (1983)
Orquesta (1985)
Cutaia Melero (2014) (with Daniel Melero)

Carlos Cutaia is an Argentinean keyboardist and former member of progressive rock band La Máquina de Hacer Pájaros. On his solo work he, naturally, shows his affinity for various keyboard instruments. Ciudad de Tonos Lejanos is an instrumental jazz fusion / progressive rock work. Not EM for the most part (although with nice keyboards, including lots of synthesizers), bar the (unfortunately) short electronic closer "Gymnopedies L". On Orquesta, though, he teamed up with Daniel Melero and took a complete turn towards the electronic side. It's not exactly prog EM (or at least, not entirely), and can be more precisely described as electropop. However, it seems to be very influenced by Kraftwerk (circa Computerwelt) and Yellow Magic Orchestra. Cutaia Melero is their more diverse electronic reunion album.

 


Cwynar, Michael C. (USA)

Gates of the Universe (2006)

Illinois-based artist who composes instrumental music as well as musicals and other vocal works. Gates of the Universe is an album of cinematic compositions, some of them rhythmic, others ambient and melodic.

 


Cybe (Netherlands)

Positive Movement Muzak / New Age Synthesis (1981)
Cybernetika (1982)
Cybonesie (1985)
Tropical Desire (1987)

Obscure Dutch synth project from the 1980's.

 


Cyber Zen Sound Engine (USA)

Moonscapes: How Stones Become Enlightened (2000)
Intercepted Transmissions (2001) (with Matt Borghi)
Auslander (2002)
Cooperation (2011)

Unique ambient soundscapes.

 


cyberCHUMP (USA)

Abstract Air (2003)
Scientists In the Trees (2004)
Sankhara (2006)
Our Wizards of Earth (2008)
Virtual.Banality (??)

Mostly Ambient. CyberCHUMP is the project of Mark G. E. and Jim Skeel. There are other albums from this project, most of them representing a mixture of ambient soundscapes and glitchy rhythms / ethnic structures. Abstract Air is beatless and atmospheric.

See also: Short-Term Memory

 


Cybernation (Canada)

The Dark Plane (1988)

Cybernation was a project of one James Rewucki. The LP, released privately in Manitoba, alternates between vocal progrock songs (ala Pink Floyd) and instrumental electronic material with more than a hint of spacey, driving and sequencer-based Tangerine Dream style. Not bad and sadly unknown.

 


Cybernium (Spain / Canada)

Cybernium (2003)

Music with an early Neuronium feel.

See also: Huygen, Michel, Languirand, Pascal.

 


Cybertron (USA)

Remembering Tomorrow (2008)

Cybertron is a project of Richard Scott who's been around for some years now. He was actually one of the pioneers of synthesizer music and utilized modular moogs to craft his own compositions already in the early 1970's. In 1978, Richard was hired by the planetarium which is now known as Sharpe Planetarium. His instrumental electronic compositions attracted the attention of planetarium's director and, subsequently, Richard worked as planetarium composer, using an ARP 2500, an ARP 2600, two minimoogs and a Moog modular. The director thought that Richard's otherworldly music fit perfectly into his space shows and the latter was able to generate a tremendous number of sounds from his modulars and other analogue gear. After this successful period, Richard sold his gear and dropped out of music business for several years. Recently, he resurfaced again and released Remembering Tomorrow, an album of driving, pompous Electronic Music in the style of Vangelis, Tangerine Dream, Synergy and ELP. He made use of two Dotcom modulars and several other digital synths and workstations.

 


Cyborg (Germany)

Improvisationen (1978)
Hits, Bits & Ooops (1978 - 1979)
Three Friends (1978 - 1986)
Young Blood... ...Old Farts (1979 - 1984) (with Helmut Jungblut)

Classic synthesizer excursions. Cyborg was formed in Berlin, 1976, and their influences include Klaus Schulze, Tangerine Dream and Robert Schroeder. The line-up for Improvisationen was Norbert Brauer, Lutz Bojasch, Klaus Eitzen, Henry Trapp and Klaus Schoenberg.

See also: Solaris, Bojasch, Lutz, Brauer, Norbert.

 


Cyborg See Cyborg Do (Russia)

Observations (2017)
Observations II (2017)

Spacey melodic synth sound with elements of Ambient and Space Music.

 


Cybotron (Australia)

Sunday Night At the Total Theatre (1976)
Cybotron (1976)
Colossus (1978)
Implosion (1979)
Parameters of Infinity (2015) (S) (recorded in 1978)

The Australian cosmonauts Steve Maxwell Von Braund and Geoff Green, sometimes helped by Gil Matthews and Mark Jones. The group was formed in 1975. Their music should appeal to fans of Tangerine Dream and Ashra. Sequential space electronics with real drums with wild sax solos on some tracks. Essential listening.

See also: Maxwell Von Braund, Steve

 


Cyclotimia (Russia)

New Death Order (2000)
Wasteland (2002)
Alpha Omega (2002)
Trivial Pleasures (2003)
Eschaton (2004)
Algorithms (2005)
Celestis (2007)
Deja Vu (2008) (recorded in 2001)
Music For Stockmarkets (2008)
Styx (2009)
TimeBank (2009) (recorded in 2003 - 2007)
Sci-Fi Music (2010)
The Invisible Hand of Market (2014)

Russian Dark Ambient project, vaguely in the vein of Raison d'Etre. A lot of their music was created on Soviet analog synths.

See also: Sphere Rex, Archon Orchestra.

 


Cylon (Denmark)

Resonanz (2009)
Cycle (2010) (S)

Ambient from Jannick Schou.

 


Cymphonic (Netherlands)

Phonema Sacrata (2006)
Strataradialis (2007)
Post Mortem Investigations (2010) (with Vintage H)
Dimensionata (2013)

Ambient soundscapes by Stanley Swinkels.

 


Cypher 7 (USA)

Decoder (1994)
Security (1995)
Nothing Lasts (1998)

Very good Ambient with sequences. Decoder was performed by Jeff Bova nad Alex Haas and masterminded by Bill Laswell.

 


Cypress Rosewood (USA)

Isle of Wyrms (2007)
Asleep Amongst the Trees (2008)

Cypress Rosewood is a pseudonym of Tony Gerber.

See also: Gerber, Tony

 


Cyril, Thiemo (Netherlands)

Atlantic Treasure (2016)

The above album contains re-recorded versions of cinematic and gently sequenced electronic tracks originally composed and recorded from 1994 to 2002. There are some spoken word parts.

 


Cyscape (UK)

Alignment (2001)
Deep Sea Explorer (2004)

Rhythmic and floating Ambient compositions by Phil Riches (from Gillingham, England). A track from the second album also appeared on Databloem's sampler Collection 2: Moving (2003) (read review). Deep Sea Explorer is an amalgam of electronic sounds, aquatic atmospheres and subtle rhythmic grooves. "The Descent" features dark sounds, whooshes, subtle twittering and various other unidentifiable sounds. A rhythmic throb can be heard that never dominates. Mysterious pads take over and it all becomes very moody. "Crossing the Plains Part 1" starts with pads and effects before a slow rhythm is introduced. Very atmospheric stuff. I like the synth programming on this one - great sounds. The sound quality is superb as well. Part 2 of "Crossing the Plains" pretty much continues where the previous track left off, with faster and more prominent rhythms and some beepy sequences. "Frontiers" starts with high-pitched sounds and synth effects. Then a simple sequence enters the stage but it all remains very atmospheric and somewhat deep, albeit with a bright, optimistic bend. Wonderful, dreamy music. Some experimental textures give a certain edge to the track and help keeping things interesting throughout. The sequence fades away only to re-emerge a couple of seconds later. The initial high-pitched sounds return as we segue into "Pulsing Colours". A strange bass line and some effects is pretty much all we hear for a few seconds, before more effects and sounds are intruduced, together with an unusual fast-paced sequence and atmospheric textures. "Cool Breeze" is the best track on the album - I wish it was longer. Those atmospheres together with a simple but great sequencer line really work for me. The track sounds very berlinish. "Elumina" is a sparse affair, but pretty atmospheric. Lots of beepy sounds and subtle rhythms on this one. "Reflections" continues with its bright, simple and prominent sequence that is joined by the atmospheres and another, lower-register sequence. It's an excellent track and very evocative. "Wilderness" continues with same jaw-dropping atmospheric sounds that first appeared in the previous track - excellent! "At the Surface" is a long closing track, that features a recurrent rhythmic throb that becomes home for all manner of dolphin-like sounds, effects, beeping and bleeping synths & suchlike. The voyage is over. There is a number of underwater-themed EM albums out there, and Deep Sea Explorer ranks up with the very best. Phil managed to express a highly individual vision with his skillful synth programming and by avoiding the obvious and injecting a fair bit of experimentation and sense of discovery in his work. A highly recommended listen!  

 


Cytrus (Finland)

Damage (2001)

Quite experimental electronics with plenty of atmospheres and a bit of sequencing. Cytrus is Tatu J. Lund.

 


Czajkowski, Michael (USA)

People the Sky (1969)

Made with Buchla modular system.

 


Czern (USA)

Mind In Transit (2014)
Black Point (2015) (S)

A mixture of darkish, noisy and droning synth compositions and dramatic melodic material. A project of Aaron Zernack.

 


Czukay, Holger (Germany)

Plight & Premonition (1988) (with David Sylvian)
Flux + Mutability (1989) (with David Sylvian)
Moving Pictures (1993)
La Luna (2000)

Czukay (1938 - 2017) was bassist of the group Can. He released many solo albums, some of which have not much to do with Electronic Music. I have his latest collaborative effort with U-She and it struck me as weak effort by Czukay to make "intelligent" techno music, while U-She sings on top of Holger's rhythms that often work as the basis of compositions, with not so many elements apart from the rhythm itself. A poor sound, I must add, although I'm sorry to say so. Well, maybe it has something to do with my personal taste, so I recommend you to check it out if you are interested in unusual forms of techno (the album is called The New Millennium). There are other works, though, that may be of interest to lovers of classic forms of Electronic Music, or progressive electronic, to define it more specifically. Moving Pictures is mainly Eno-like ambience, while La Luna may appeal to those who like early 90's Schulze. I have yet to hear these works to write a more detailed overview. There are also two collaborative works with David Sylvian. Both feature relaxing Ambient.

 


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